Kinds of clauses
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KINDS OF CLAUSES PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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KINDS OF CLAUSES. RECOGNITION PRACTICE. IDENTIFY. MAJOR OR MINOR CLAUSES. SINGLE INDEPENDENT DEPENDENT IN A PARATACTIC OR HYPOTACTIC CLAUSE COMPLEX. FINITE OR NON-FINITE. ELLIPTICAL OR EMBEDDED. EMBEDDED PLUS FUNCTION.

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KINDS OF CLAUSES

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KINDS OF CLAUSES

RECOGNITION PRACTICE


IDENTIFY


MAJOR OR MINOR

CLAUSES


SINGLE INDEPENDENT

DEPENDENT IN A PARATACTIC

OR

HYPOTACTIC CLAUSE COMPLEX


FINITE

OR

NON-FINITE


ELLIPTICAL

OR

EMBEDDED


EMBEDDED

PLUS

FUNCTION


William had just gone away to London, and his mother missed his money.


Two paratactically related clauses


There is no significant difference in the ideational content of these two

utterances.


Single clause


What a nice plant!


MINOR CLAUSE


If you want to learn it, you must begin.


Hypotactic clause complex

Clause 1 dependent,

Clause 2 independent


It is clear [[ that there is always a difference]].


Single clause, with Finite clause introduced by “that” as real postponed Subject. This is a case of anticipatory “it”


Mrs Morel talked again to Paul, who was helping her with her housework.


Hypotactic Clause Complex, with Clause 1 as main clause and Clause 2 as dependent clause of elaboration.


Do you enjoy [[makingsounds]]?


Single clause with embedded clause as C = DO


At Christmas, people buy their kids more gaming, entertainment-based items.


Single clause


[[What is beautiful]] is also in some respects ugly.


Single clause with embedded finite clause as Subject


They took [[what they wanted]].


Single clause with embedded clause as C = DO


Throw it away or give it to your sister.


Paractactic clause complex


Not any more.


Elliptical (recoverable from context)


It isn’t surprising [[that Aristotle appealed to such principles]].


Single clause with embedded “that finite clause” as Subject, real postponed Subject. The clause has anticipatory “it”


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