Diabetes
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Diabetes. Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which high blood glucose levels result from defective insulin secretion, insulin action or both. There are 3 types of diabetes; all of these types involve the body’s insulin supply not effectively metabolising blood glucose levels

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Diabetes

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Diabetes
Diabetes

Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which high blood glucose levels result from defective insulin secretion, insulin action or both


Diabetes


Types
Types the body’s insulin supply not effectively metabolising blood glucose

  • Type 1 diabetes

  • Type 2 diabetes

  • Gestational diabetes

  • “Diabetes” refers to all types


Type 1 diabetes mellitus
Type 1 Diabetes (mellitus) the body’s insulin supply not effectively metabolising blood glucose

  • Accounts for 10-15% of all people with diabetes (0.2-0.3% of Australians)

  • Commonly referred to as “insulin dependant”

  • There is no cure

  • Most new cases occur in those under 15 years of age


Type 2
Type 2 the body’s insulin supply not effectively metabolising blood glucose

  • Accounts for 85-90% of all people with diabetes (7% of Australians aged 25+)

  • Caused by a decrease in insulin production and/or the body’s inability of use

  • Associated with being overweight

  • Usually managed with a healthy diet, weight control and exercise

  • The number of cases under people aged under 45 years is increasing


Gestational diabetes
Gestational Diabetes the body’s insulin supply not effectively metabolising blood glucose

  • Occurs during pregnancy in some women due to hormonal changes that block the actoin of the mother’s insulin

  • Usually goes away after birth

  • Carries health risks for the infant

  • The mother is more prone to developing diabetes later on in life


Why was diabetes made a nhpa
Why was Diabetes made a NHPA? the body’s insulin supply not effectively metabolising blood glucose

  • The impact it has on the community and the potential for improved health outcomes

  • Contributes significantly to ill health, disability and premature death

  • Increased risk of complications – kidney disease, coronary heart disease and other causes of mortality & morbidity

  • 5th leading underlying cause of death for males, 7th for females

  • 5th most frequent problem GP’s managed in 2005-6

  • 901 new cases diagnosed in children in 2005


Costs
Costs the body’s insulin supply not effectively metabolising blood glucose

  • Indirect costs include unpaid care, reduced or lost productivity and absenteeism

  • Direct costs include GP time, tests, specialists, emergency attendance, hospital services, ambulance

  • Intangible costs to the individual may include the embarrassment of not being able to indulge as others do, repeatedly injecting themselves, self pity, loss of time/quality of life, stress, anxiety etc


Risk factors
Risk factors the body’s insulin supply not effectively metabolising blood glucose

  • Biological – genetics, age, body weight

  • Behavioural – lack of physical activity, diet

  • Little is known about type 1 diabetes other than it is triggered by environmental factors that cause the immune system to stop producing insulin in genetically predisposed people


Health promotion strategies
Health promotion strategies the body’s insulin supply not effectively metabolising blood glucose

  • The National Diabetes Action Program (NDAP) is Diabetes Australia’s national awareness and prevention initiative

  • https://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au/About-Diabetes-Australia/What-Diabetes-Australia-Does/Raising-Awareness/

  • They raise community awareness


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