Sustainable Energy Development in Kazakhstan: Alternatives and Renewables. Alex Ignatiev Alternative Energy Research Institute and Center for Advanced Materials University of Houston Houston, TX USA. What is Sustainable Development?.
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Sustainable Energy Development in Kazakhstan: Alternatives and Renewables
Alternative Energy Research Institute
Center for Advanced Materials
University of Houston
Houston, TX USA
What is Sustainable Development?
Development that meets the needs of the presentwithout compromising the ability of future generationsto meet their own needs.
Sustainable Energy Development Has Three Dimensions
Social / Equity
The Green Economy……
Sustainability - The Green Economy
Doing Sustainable Energy Development requires:
Look at Energy Usage…..
Increased Use of Electricity
Future Trend of Electricity Use
Electricity as the Future Source of Energy
Low Generation/Fuel Cost
High Ignored Cost
Clean and Sustainable Electrical Energy Generation
Moderate to High Generation Cost
Low Ignored Cost
Ignored Costs of Electrical Energy Generation
Increased Efficiency of Current Electrical Energy Generation
Future Fuel for Fuel Cells – Hydrogen…
Increased Efficiency Solar Cells
Crystalline Silicon - Amorphous Silicon Heterojunction Cell -23%
Cover Complete Solar Spectrum
Increased Efficiency Wind Turbines
HTS Direct Drive Multipole Generator…. ½ size/weight
Ultimate Sustainable Energy Source
Municipal Solid Waste…
Municipal Solid Waste
Gas Product – Syngas (H2 + CO)
Plasma Processing of MSW
Fuel Source From MSW - Syngas
100 t/d → 10MW Power
Integrate Energy Sources for Sustainability
The Sustainable Energy Principle