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From CEDAW to Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities Disabled women and girls’ rights becoming a reality. Lydia la Rivière-Zijdel International Consultant Gender and Disability Chair DCDD

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From CEDAW to Convention on the rights of persons with disabilitiesDisabled women and girls’ rights becoming a reality

Lydia la Rivière-Zijdel

International Consultant Gender and Disability Chair DCDD

European Conference on Disability & Development Cooperation IDDC 20-21 November 2006, Brussels


Disabled women and girls and un conventions
Disabled women and girls and UN Conventions disabilities

  • Universal Declaration of the Human Rights (1948)

  • Declaration on the Rights of Disabled Persons (1975)

  • Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities van (1993)

  • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women CEDAW (1979)

  • Convention on the Rights of the Child (1990)

  • Beijing Platform for Action (1995)

L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006


Dp in developing countries
DP in Developing countries disabilities

  • > 600 million disabled people world-wide

  • In developing countries:

    • 70% of the adults

    • 87% of the children

  • Estimations disabled women

    • 53% in industrial countries

    • 58 to 63% in developing countries

L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006


From cedaw to crpwd
From Cedaw to CRPwD disabilities

CEDAW:

  • For all women!?

  • Is anti-discrimination convention

    Beijing Platform for Action

  • First mentioning of disabled women/girls

    Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities

  • Milestone for women and girls on of August 25th, 2006

1979

2006

L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006


Cedaw im possibilities
CEDAW (im-) possibilities disabilities

  • 1979No mentioning of disabled women/girls

  • 1991Gen. recommendation nr. 19:

    after 60 periodic (annual) reports:

    • recommendation to state parties to include disabled women in reports

    • special measures on right to education, employment, health services and social security, and participation in all areas of social and cultural life.

  • 1992Recommendation on violence

    • Includes mentioning disabled women

  • 2004 Gen. recommendation nr. 25

    • Art. 12 refers to disability and multiple discrimination

L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006


Beijing platform for action
Beijing Platform for Action disabilities

  • 1995 200 disabled women present in Beijing

    • from 25 countries

    • 1st time to attend a women’s mainstream conference

    • mentioning of disability in art 32

  • 2000 1st review

    • reference to disabled women

      • 65 disabled women from 31 countries present

  • 2005 2nd review

    • no reference to disabled women

L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006


Convention rights of child
Convention Rights of Child disabilities

  • 1990 Mentioning in Art 2

    • disability and sex

    • in relation to discrimination

  • Art 23

    • 4 articles referring to disabled children

    • no specific mentioning of disabled girls

    • no link between sex and disability

  • In entire text no mentioning of gender

L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006


Process to include women
Process to include women disabilities

  • Convincing

    • Disability organisations

    • Government delegates

  • EU member states tough opponents

    • Especially female delegates

      • Fear for loosing out on CEDAW

  • Gender = what works for women works for men too!

  • Twin-track approach!

L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006


Un convention rpwd
UN Convention RPwD disabilities

The most important for disabled women and girls

Art 6 Women with Disabilities

  • Legal base for women’s rights

    Other mentioning

  • Preamble(q)

    • recognition of violence

  • Art 3 General principles

    • equality between men and women

  • Art 16 Freedom from exploitation, violence and abuse

    • women specific legislation

    • (not all demands met!)

  • Art 28 Adequate standard of living and social protection

    • social protection programmes and poverty reduction programmes

  • L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006


    Women and girls within the convention
    Women and girls within the Convention disabilities

    Mentioning of gender in:

    • Preamble (s):

      • gender perspective in promoting rights

    • Art 16 Violence

      • all forms of exploitation, violence and abuse, including their gender based aspects

      • gender­ and age-sensitive assistance and support

      • protection services, gender sensitive

      • recovery and reintegration: gender specific needs

        Mentioning of gender in:

    • Art 25 Health

      • health services, incl. health-related rehabilitationgender-sensitive

    • Provide sexual and reproductive health programs

    • Art 25 Employment

      • Protection from harassment

    • Art 34 Committee on the rights of PwD

      • balanced gender representation

    L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006


    Women and girls within the convention1
    Women and girls within the Convention disabilities

    Mentioning of sex in:

    • Preamble (p)

      • multiple or aggravated forms of discrimination on the basis

    • Art 8 Awareness raising

      • combat stereotypes, prejudices and harmful practices incl. based on sex

        NOT MENTIONED (within)

    • Education

    • Employment

    • Reproductive Rights

    • Forced abortion and sterilisation

    • International cooperation

    L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006


    Convention process
    Convention process disabilities

    UN Convention requires Paradigm Shift

    • from care/charity to autonomy

    • from gender neutral to sex-specific

    • from colonialism to self government

      =

      from medical model to social model

    L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006


    I AM AFRAID SO LYDIA! disabilities

    DINAH, WE STILL GOT A BIG JOB TO DO!

    L. la Rivière-Zijdel IDDC Nov 2006


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