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Geology of Sylt. MarMic October 2004. Relevant Gelogical Ages at Sylt Holocene - Miocene. Holocene 10.000 - present Pleistocene 1.8 Mio - 10.000 B.P. Weichsel (glacial) 115.000 - 10.000 B.P. Eem (interglacial) 128.000 - 115.000 Saale (glacial) 128.000 - 347.000

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Geology of sylt

Geology of Sylt

MarMic

October 2004


Relevant gelogical ages at sylt holocene miocene
Relevant Gelogical Ages at Sylt Holocene - Miocene

  • Holocene 10.000 - present

  • Pleistocene 1.8 Mio - 10.000 B.P.

    • Weichsel (glacial) 115.000 - 10.000 B.P.

    • Eem (interglacial) 128.000 - 115.000

    • Saale (glacial) 128.000 - 347.000

    • Holstein (interglacial) 347.000 - 370.000

    • Elster (Glacial) 370.000 - 475.00

  • Pliocene 1.8 Mio - 5 Mio

  • Miocene 5 Mio - 24 Mio


Geological map of sylt
Geological Map of Sylt

Pliocene

Miocene


Reconstruction of the geological history
Reconstruction of the geological history

  • Deposition of Miocene Clays (warm conditions

  • Slow uplift (Salt domes?), shallower conditions with deposition of coastal (sandy) facies: Pliocene Limonite

  • Deposition of riverine sediments from a large river system in the baltic region (Pliocene Kaolin sand)

  • Ice ages

    • Some Elster Deposits

    • Large Saale Deposits

    • Erosion during the Eem Interglacial leaving some outcrops

    • No deposits during the Weichsel Ice Age

    • Recent sea level rice, formation of the Wadden Sea and barrier Islands







Morsum kliff
Morsum Kliff

  • Recent Dune formation

  • Solifluction of Boulder Clay (Weichsel)

  • Boulder Clay (Saale)

  • Kaolin Sand (Pliocene)

  • Limonite Sandstone (Pliocene)

  • Clay (upper Miocene/lower Pliocene)


Ice saale foulds miocene and pliocene deposits
Ice (Saale) foulds Miocene and Pliocene deposits

Kaolin Sand

Limonite Sand

Miocene Clay







Development of northern sylt listland 14th century
Development of Northern Sylt(Listland, 14th century)




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