Corporate finance
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Corporate finance. Introduction to corporate finance.

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Corporate finance

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Corporate finance

Corporate finance


Introduction to corporate finance

Introduction to corporate finance

  • Corporate finance display the movement of funds (money, capital and other financial assets), by which the company gets involved into different quantitative and qualitative money relations with different entrepreneurial subjects, employees and all other subjects of its financial environment


Corporate money flow

foreign investor

Interest

tax

Other costs

Market

FIRM

Output

Revenue

Profit

reinvestment

+

owner

dividends

Corporate money flow


Function of financial management

Function of financial management

  • All operations in the company reflect themselves into funds of money, capital and other resources

  • Financial goals are integral part of the firm’s goals from both short and long term period point of view


Financial management

Financial management

  • Subjective economical activity, aimed at acquiring necessary amount of money and capital from different financial sources, its allocation into different forms of non-cash property and distribution of the profit with the main goal of

  • Maximization of market value of managed company


Financial management goals

Financial management goals

  • Maximization of the value

  • Maximization of the profit

    • makes provisions concerning:

      • Expected profitability

      • Riskiness

      • Social aspects

      • Agency costs


Partial financial goals

Partial financial goals

  • Rentability

  • Liquidity

  • Solvency

  • Stability


The relationship of accounting and finance

The Relationship of accounting and finance

  • Financial management

  • Acquiring and allocation of the capital

  • Financial accounting

  • Managerial accounting

  • Acquiring of acquired and allocated capital

  • Financial analysis

  • planning, controlling and decision-making based on calculations of costs


Sources of financial informations

In CF statementOut

A BalancesheetL

C Income stat.R

Fixes assets

Owncapital

PS

operatingactivity

operations

investingt

financial

Currentassets

Foreigncapital

financing

extraordinary

FB

P

Sources of financial informations

  • Primary source: accounting statements


Scope of financial management

Scope of financial management

  • Financial decision-making

  • Financial analysis

  • Financial planning

  • Financial control


Principles of fm

Principles of FM

  • Principle of cash flow

  • Principle of net present value

  • Respecting the time factor

  • Considering the risk

  • Optimization of the capital structure

  • Efficiency degree of capital markets

  • Planning and analyzing of financial data


Financial surrounding of company

Financial surrounding of company

  • Level of economic activity

  • Government financial policy

  • Competitive environment

  • Legislative provisions and regulations

  • Labor market

  • Foreign trade and foreign exchange rate development

  • Financial market


Typology of enterprises financing

Typology of enterprises - financing

  • From capital markets

  • From financial intermediaries

  • From holdings or other industrial groups


Decision making about

Decision-making about:

  • The volume of the capital

  • The structure of the capital

  • The structure of the assets

  • The investing of capital

  • Profit distribution

  • Different forms of mergers and aquisitions


Specialty of short term fm

Specialty of short-term FM

  • Decision about size and structure of current assets and its parts

  • Decision about optimal mix of short-term capital

  • Decision about the protection from different risk types


Phases of fm

Phases of FM

  • Problem definition and goal setting

  • Information analysis

  • Setting of different solution scenarios

  • Determination of criteria for optimal scenario selection

  • Realization of the selected scenario and its verification concerning the goal


Time value of money and fm

Time value of money and FM

  • In decision making about investments

  • In capital structure optimization

  • In determining the market value of the total assets and its parts


Protection against risk

Protection against risk

  • Setting the risk limits (setting the maximal buying or minimal selling price)

  • Risk diversification (investments into different assets)

  • Transfer of the risk (insurance, derivatives)

  • Creation of reserves


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