The Freshman Essay
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The Freshman Essay. The Granite Hills High School English Department utilizes The Jane Schaffer Essay Writing Program to help prepare Students for the California High School Exit Exam, Golden State Exams, SAT II, and Advanced Placement Exams.

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The Freshman Essay

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The freshman essay

The Freshman Essay

The Granite Hills High School English Department utilizes

The Jane Schaffer Essay Writing Program to help prepare

Students for the California High School Exit Exam,

Golden State Exams, SAT II, and Advanced Placement Exams.

To advance this program, click the left mouse button. Students

might want to take Cornell notes in case their teachers give a quiz on

this information.


The freshman essay

Steps in the Writing Process

  • Prewriting

    • Brainstorming

    • Clustering

    • Web Diagrams

2. Shaping the essay

3. First draft and student revised second draft

4. Editing conference

5. Revision

6. Final draft

7. Publication


The freshman essay

Freshman Essay Format

The basic freshman essay is composed of four paragraphs:

1. Introduction: 3 sentences40+ words

2. First Body Paragraph:8 sentences 100+ words

3. Second Body Paragraph:8 sentences 100+ words

4. Conclusion:3 sentences40+ words


The freshman essay

Introduction

The introduction is composed of three sentences:

1. The first sentence introduces the literary selection’s theme.

2. The second sentence introduces the literary selection’s

title, author, plot, setting, and characters.

  • The third sentence is the thesis statement, which is written in

  • the form of a strong opinion and addresses the essay prompt .

The order of these sentences may be varied.


The freshman essay

Body Paragraphs

  • Each body paragraph is composed of eight sentences:

  • Topic sentence, written in the form of an opinion, that supports the thesis statement (TS)

  • Concrete Detail with integrated evidence that supports the topic

  • sentence (CD)

  • Commentary sentence that analyzes the evidence presented in

  • prior Concrete Detail sentence(CM)

  • 4. Commentary sentence that delves deeper into ideas presented

  • in prior Commentary sentence (CM)

  • Second Concrete Detail sentence with integrated evidence that

  • supports the topic sentence (CD)

  • 6.Commentary sentence that analyzes the evidence presented in

  • prior Concrete Detail sentence (CM)

  • Commentary sentence that delves deeper into ideas presented

  • in prior Commentary sentence (CM)

  • 8.Transition to next paragraph (CS)


The freshman essay

Concluding Paragraph

When students get to the conclusion, we tell them to write a

paragraph that fulfills three requirements:

1. It is all commentary.

2. It does not repeat key words from anywhere in the essay

3. It gives a finished feeling to the paper.


The freshman essay

Essay Terminology

Essay:A piece of writing that expresses thoughts

(commentary) about a subject. At GHHS, freshman

essays will be composed of at least 4 paragraphs: an

introduction, 2 body paragraphs, and a concluding

paragraph.

Introduction:The first paragraph in an essay. It includes the thesis,

most often at the end.

Thesis:A sentence with a subject and opinion. This sentence

comes somewhere in your introductory paragraph and

most often at the end.


The freshman essay

Essay Terminology

Body

Paragraphs:Develop logical, well supported arguments

that support the thesis statement. Body paragraphs include both specific textual examples (CD) andinsightful analysis (CM).

Topic

Sentence:The first sentence in a body paragraph. This must

have a subject and express an opinion. It does the

same thing for the body paragraph that the thesis

statement does for the whole essay.

Continued


The freshman essay

Essay Terminology

Concrete

Details:Specific details that form the backbone or core of

body paragraphs. Synonyms for concrete detail

include: facts, specifics, examples, descriptions,

illustrations, support, proof, evidence, quotations,

paraphrasing, or plot references.

Commentary: Student’s commentary about the importance and meaning of examples used in CD sentences.

Synonyms include: opinion, insight, analysis,

interpretation, inference, personal response, feelings,

evaluation, explication, and reflection.

Concluding

Sentence: The last sentence in a body paragraph. It is all

commentary, gives a finished feeling to the

paragraph, and makes a transition to next paragraph.


The freshman essay

Essay Terminology

Concluding

Paragraph:The last paragraph in the essay. It may reflect on what student wrote in the essay, provide more commentary, or express a personal statement about the subject.

Shaping the

Essay: The step that is done after prewriting and before the

first draft. It is an outline of the essay’s thesis, topic

sentences, concrete details, and commentary ideas.


The freshman essay

Essay Terminology

Chunk:One sentence of concrete detail and two sentences

of commentary (CD, CM, CM)

Weaving:Blending concrete details and commentary in a body

paragraph. Students can do this after they master the

format.


The freshman essay

Essay Terminology

Ratio:The ratio of 1 part concrete detail to 2 parts

commentary

Word

Counts:The minimum length per paragraph to earn a “C.”


The freshman essay

Building the Freshman Essay

To continue building the freshman essay, open the

Building the Freshman Essay (Mitty) PowerPoint

Presentation.


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