How to encourage Industry to Commercialise Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa ?
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How to encourage Industry to Commercialise Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa ?. OIE Conference on Veterinary Products in Africa Dakar, Senegal 25 – 27 March 2008. Frans van Gool DVM RSHHM Merial International SAS, Lyon, France (Member of IFAH).

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How to encourage Industry to Commercialise Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa ?

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How to encourage Industry to Commercialise Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa ?

OIE Conference on Veterinary Products in Africa

Dakar, Senegal 25 – 27 March 2008

Frans van Gool DVM RSHHM

Merial International SAS, Lyon, France

(Member of IFAH)


How to encourage Industry to Commercialise Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa ?

To whom it may concern……


How to encourage Industry to Commercialise Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa ?

  • Introduction

  • Real African Animal Production REVOLUTION

  • Farmers MENTALITY and EDUCATION are changing very fast

  • From «quantity farming» to Sustainable QUALITY FARMING => High Quality Animal Products

    => Export Opportunities

    Results in HIGH ADDED VALUE

  • Need for HIGH QUALITY VETERINARY DRUGS

  • This is very encouraging for the Veterinary Pharmaceutical Industry


How to encourage Industry to Commercialise Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa ?

  • Actual Situation for Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa

  • Overcrowded withfakeand low quality “generics”

  • Senegal: 140 registered Veterinary products

    but more than 1000 marketed

  • Difficulties for Farmers to haveaccess to Quality Drugs

  • Products with same Active Ingredient are ALL sold at more or less the same price to farmers

    => strong interest to promote only low quality “generic” products

    => Very High Margins => MONEY-MAKERS


How to encourage Industry to Commercialise Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa ?

  • Actual Situation for Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa

  • Distribution Systems for Veterinary drugs

    => Legal: Importer-> distributor -> Veterinarians : VET-SHOPS

    -> Pharmacists

    => Illegal: Market Places and in the Streets

  • Field Veterinarians : Very few, field work carried out by “technicians” withlow professional education

  • Veterinary Services ?


Some VET-SHOPS in WEST AFRICA (2006)

Vaccines?

Respect of Temperature?


(Pictures

Walbadet, L. (2007)

Senegal

Itinerant salesman at the weekly market of Touba-Toul(department of Thiès)

Sales of Veterinary Drugs on the weekly market of Ndiguiraye (department of Nioro du Rip)

Sales of Veterinary Drugs placed on the ground by a salesman at the market of Touba-Toul (department of Thiès)


How to encourage Industry to Commercialise Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa ?

  • Actual Situation for Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa

  • Registration Authorities (RA): very often still NO real RA in many African Countries

  • Several International Conferences (5) to raise awareness of African Officials to put in place Quality Insurance procedures

    => very few signs of improvement

  • Many recent studies and reports indicate the existence of huge quantities of LOW Quality registered and NON-registered drugs in Africa


  • Tettey J.et al. (2002): Non-conformance of Diminazene preparations to

  • manufacturer’s label claims: an extra factor in the development of parasite

  • resistance.

  • In: Integrated Control of Pathogenic trypanosomes and their Vectors,5:24-25.

  • Study carried out in 2001 by FAO

  • 104 samples of Diminazene of

  • 19 different brand names

  • In 11 African countries

  • Tolerance limit : 10%

32% of all diminazene products in Africa are not in conformity with label and insert leaflet (If 5% T.L.=> 56% are NON-CONFORM)


Recent market surveys on the Distribution and Quality of Veterinary Drugs indicate the existence of huge quantities of LOW Quality registered and NON-registered drugs in Africa

  • Veterinary Theses on Quality of Veterinary Drugs of the Inter-State Veterinary School , Dakar, Senegal

  • Ndjana F.M. (2006):Study of the Distribution and Quality of Veterinary Drugs in Cameroun

  • Walbadet, L. (2007): Study of the Distribution and Quality of Veterinary Drugs in Senegal

  • Material and Methods

  • Market survey of different therapeutical groups of veterinary drugs collected in different regions in Cameroon and Senegal were analysed by LACOMEV, Senegal (Control Laboratory for Veterinary Drugs).

  • Drugs were obtained as well as from the official markets (legal) as from the unregulated open markets (parallel markets)

  • Tolerance limit ±10%


Recent studies and reports indicate the existence of huge quantities of LOW Quality registered and NON-registered drugs in Africa

Table 1: Rate of NON-CONFORMANCE by Therapeutic Group in Cameroun


Recent studies and reports indicate the existence of huge quantities of

LOW Quality registered and NON-registered drugs in Africa

Table 2: Rate of NON-CONFORMANCE by sampling sector in Cameroun


Recent studies and reports indicate the existence of huge quantities of

LOW Quality registered and NON-registered drugs in Africa

Table 3 : Rate of NON-CONFORMANCE by type of veterinary drugs in Senegal


Recent studies and reports indicate the existence of huge quantities of LOW Quality registered and NON-registered drugs in Africa

Table 4: Rate of NON-CONFORMANCE by sampling sector in Senegal


Recent studies and reports indicate the existence of huge quantities of LOW Quality registered and NON-registered drugs in Africa

  • Other surveys conducted in Different African countries

  • Mali(Abiola 2001) showed NON-CONFORMANCE rate of 43%

  • Benin-Togo (Akoda 2001) showed NON-CONFORMANCE rate of 48%

  • Mauritania (Abiola 2002) showed NON-CONFORMANCE rate of59 %

  • Chad ( Abiola 2005) showed a NON-CONFORMANCE rate of61%


How to encourage Industry to Commercialise Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa?

  • What is Urgently Needed to Encourage Industry to Commercialise Veterinary Products in Africa?

  • Strong National or Regional Registration Authorities

    (egUEMOA)

  • Very well organised and controlledDistribution System

  • Strong CONTROL and REPRESSIVE Authorities

  • Strong and good Functioning VETERINARY SERVICES

  • Strong NATIONAL VETERINARY ASSOCIATIONS

  • Creation of Independent Chemical-Analytical Laboratories


How to encourage Industry to Commercialise Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa?

Conclusions

  • African market is becoming more and more interesting for the Veterinary Animal Health Industry

  • Fast Growing Animal Production Market

  • Orientated more and more to Produce HIGH QUALITY PRODUCTS

    • Sustainable farming

    • Improving Health of Livestock => Increase Productivity

      => Increase Food Safety

      => Create Export Opportunities

  • Strong Need and Availability for High Quality , Registered Veterinary drugs


  • Thank you very much for your attention


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