How to encourage Industry to Commercialise Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa ?
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How to encourage Industry to Commercialise Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa ?. OIE Conference on Veterinary Products in Africa Dakar, Senegal 25 – 27 March 2008. Frans van Gool DVM RSHHM Merial International SAS, Lyon, France (Member of IFAH).

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How to encourage industry to commercialise veterinary medicinal products in africa

How to encourage Industry to Commercialise Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa ?

OIE Conference on Veterinary Products in Africa

Dakar, Senegal 25 – 27 March 2008

Frans van Gool DVM RSHHM

Merial International SAS, Lyon, France

(Member of IFAH)


How to encourage industry to commercialise veterinary medicinal products in africa

How to encourage Industry to Commercialise Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa ?

To whom it may concern……


How to encourage industry to commercialise veterinary medicinal products in africa1

How to encourage Industry to Commercialise Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa ?

  • Introduction

  • Real African Animal Production REVOLUTION

  • Farmers MENTALITY and EDUCATION are changing very fast

  • From «quantity farming» to Sustainable QUALITY FARMING => High Quality Animal Products

    => Export Opportunities

    Results in HIGH ADDED VALUE

  • Need for HIGH QUALITY VETERINARY DRUGS

  • This is very encouraging for the Veterinary Pharmaceutical Industry


How to encourage industry to commercialise veterinary medicinal products in africa2

How to encourage Industry to Commercialise Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa ?

  • Actual Situation for Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa

  • Overcrowded withfakeand low quality “generics”

  • Senegal: 140 registered Veterinary products

    but more than 1000 marketed

  • Difficulties for Farmers to haveaccess to Quality Drugs

  • Products with same Active Ingredient are ALL sold at more or less the same price to farmers

    => strong interest to promote only low quality “generic” products

    => Very High Margins => MONEY-MAKERS


How to encourage industry to commercialise veterinary medicinal products in africa3

How to encourage Industry to Commercialise Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa ?

  • Actual Situation for Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa

  • Distribution Systems for Veterinary drugs

    => Legal: Importer-> distributor -> Veterinarians : VET-SHOPS

    -> Pharmacists

    => Illegal: Market Places and in the Streets

  • Field Veterinarians : Very few, field work carried out by “technicians” withlow professional education

  • Veterinary Services ?


How to encourage industry to commercialise veterinary medicinal products in africa

Some VET-SHOPS in WEST AFRICA (2006)

Vaccines?

Respect of Temperature?


Itinerant salesman at the weekly market of touba toul department of thi s

(Pictures

Walbadet, L. (2007)

Senegal

Itinerant salesman at the weekly market of Touba-Toul(department of Thiès)

Sales of Veterinary Drugs on the weekly market of Ndiguiraye (department of Nioro du Rip)

Sales of Veterinary Drugs placed on the ground by a salesman at the market of Touba-Toul (department of Thiès)


How to encourage industry to commercialise veterinary medicinal products in africa4

How to encourage Industry to Commercialise Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa ?

  • Actual Situation for Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa

  • Registration Authorities (RA): very often still NO real RA in many African Countries

  • Several International Conferences (5) to raise awareness of African Officials to put in place Quality Insurance procedures

    => very few signs of improvement

  • Many recent studies and reports indicate the existence of huge quantities of LOW Quality registered and NON-registered drugs in Africa


How to encourage industry to commercialise veterinary medicinal products in africa

  • Tettey J.et al. (2002): Non-conformance of Diminazene preparations to

  • manufacturer’s label claims: an extra factor in the development of parasite

  • resistance.

  • In: Integrated Control of Pathogenic trypanosomes and their Vectors,5:24-25.

  • Study carried out in 2001 by FAO

  • 104 samples of Diminazene of

  • 19 different brand names

  • In 11 African countries

  • Tolerance limit : 10%

32% of all diminazene products in Africa are not in conformity with label and insert leaflet (If 5% T.L.=> 56% are NON-CONFORM)


How to encourage industry to commercialise veterinary medicinal products in africa

Recent market surveys on the Distribution and Quality of Veterinary Drugs indicate the existence of huge quantities of LOW Quality registered and NON-registered drugs in Africa

  • Veterinary Theses on Quality of Veterinary Drugs of the Inter-State Veterinary School , Dakar, Senegal

  • Ndjana F.M. (2006):Study of the Distribution and Quality of Veterinary Drugs in Cameroun

  • Walbadet, L. (2007): Study of the Distribution and Quality of Veterinary Drugs in Senegal

  • Material and Methods

  • Market survey of different therapeutical groups of veterinary drugs collected in different regions in Cameroon and Senegal were analysed by LACOMEV, Senegal (Control Laboratory for Veterinary Drugs).

  • Drugs were obtained as well as from the official markets (legal) as from the unregulated open markets (parallel markets)

  • Tolerance limit ±10%


Table 1 rate of non conformance by therapeutic group in cameroun

Recent studies and reports indicate the existence of huge quantities of LOW Quality registered and NON-registered drugs in Africa

Table 1: Rate of NON-CONFORMANCE by Therapeutic Group in Cameroun


Table 2 rate of non conformance by sampling sector in cameroun

Recent studies and reports indicate the existence of huge quantities of

LOW Quality registered and NON-registered drugs in Africa

Table 2: Rate of NON-CONFORMANCE by sampling sector in Cameroun


Table 3 rate of non conformance by type of veterinary drugs in senegal

Recent studies and reports indicate the existence of huge quantities of

LOW Quality registered and NON-registered drugs in Africa

Table 3 : Rate of NON-CONFORMANCE by type of veterinary drugs in Senegal


Table 4 rate of non conformance by sampling sector in senegal

Recent studies and reports indicate the existence of huge quantities of LOW Quality registered and NON-registered drugs in Africa

Table 4: Rate of NON-CONFORMANCE by sampling sector in Senegal


How to encourage industry to commercialise veterinary medicinal products in africa

Recent studies and reports indicate the existence of huge quantities of LOW Quality registered and NON-registered drugs in Africa

  • Other surveys conducted in Different African countries

  • Mali(Abiola 2001) showed NON-CONFORMANCE rate of 43%

  • Benin-Togo (Akoda 2001) showed NON-CONFORMANCE rate of 48%

  • Mauritania (Abiola 2002) showed NON-CONFORMANCE rate of59 %

  • Chad ( Abiola 2005) showed a NON-CONFORMANCE rate of61%


How to encourage industry to commercialise veterinary medicinal products in africa5

How to encourage Industry to Commercialise Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa?

  • What is Urgently Needed to Encourage Industry to Commercialise Veterinary Products in Africa?

  • Strong National or Regional Registration Authorities

    (egUEMOA)

  • Very well organised and controlledDistribution System

  • Strong CONTROL and REPRESSIVE Authorities

  • Strong and good Functioning VETERINARY SERVICES

  • Strong NATIONAL VETERINARY ASSOCIATIONS

  • Creation of Independent Chemical-Analytical Laboratories


How to encourage industry to commercialise veterinary medicinal products in africa6

How to encourage Industry to Commercialise Veterinary Medicinal Products in Africa?

Conclusions

  • African market is becoming more and more interesting for the Veterinary Animal Health Industry

  • Fast Growing Animal Production Market

  • Orientated more and more to Produce HIGH QUALITY PRODUCTS

    • Sustainable farming

    • Improving Health of Livestock => Increase Productivity

      => Increase Food Safety

      => Create Export Opportunities

  • Strong Need and Availability for High Quality , Registered Veterinary drugs


  • How to encourage industry to commercialise veterinary medicinal products in africa

    Thank you very much for your attention


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