The First Conversos in Latin America. Evidence that members of Columbus’ crew were conversos. One member, Luis de Torres, has been identified (Alice B. Gould) After 1509, imprisoned conversos could go to the New World rather than serve their terms
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Evidence that members of Columbus’ crew were conversos. One member, Luis de Torres, has been identified (Alice B. Gould)
After 1509, imprisoned conversos could go to the New World rather than serve their terms
After 1518 Charles V did not want criminals or conversos to travel there.
The Carvajal family, which occupied positions of authority in the Cape Verde islands, was appointed governor of New Spain (Mexico). Luis de Carvajal was arrested by the Inquisition there in 1589 because he had not denounced his niece as a judaizer, and was stripped of his authority and sent into exile where he died. In contrast, several relatives of Carvajal were burned at the stake. This family was atypical because it was linked to a politician of high stature, one who made him very visible.
Only the coast of Brazil had been settled by the Portuguese, but you could easily go south by the Rio de la Plata and reach either Buenos Aires or go up river and head for Bolivia or Uruguay
No inquisition in Buenos Aires—Crown wanted it in 1610 but not carried out, nor were Jews expelled from the region.
Pope exempted Portuguese conversos in the New World from the Inquisition, which lasted until 1639, especially in Peru. Then the newly separated Spanish government used the Inquisition to control Jews and confiscate their wealth
In 1629, the Dutch attacked the heart of the Brazilian sugar industry in northern Brazil—Pernambuco
Within 10 years they controlled most of the northern coast of Brazil although the Portuguese always mounted attacks to push the Dutch back. The area conquered by the Dutch was called Nieuw Holland, ruled by Johan Maurits, count of Nassau
In order to gain more support for his colony, he offered religious toleration to crypto-Jews and Catholics.