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Motivations for Health Behaviors. * social pressure * habits * attitudes and values * knowledge. Social Pressure (Peer Pressure) …is the desire or belief that one needs to go along with or rebel against other’s expectations and/or actions

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motivations for health behaviors

Motivations for Health Behaviors

*social pressure

*habits

*attitudes and values

*knowledge

slide2

Social Pressure (Peer Pressure)

  • …is the desire or belief that one needs to go along with or rebel against other’s expectations and/or actions
  • …is heavily influenced by opinions and actions of others (especially parents and friends)
  • …alone or in a group determines the way a person will act.

Habits

  • …the more an act is repeated the easier it becomes to do and the more comfortable one feels doing it
  • …as the habit becomes more ingrained the original reason for doing the act may be forgotten

Attitudes and Values

  • …pleasure (exercise, reading)
  • …personal (vegetarian, not smoke)
  • …religious (abstain from sex, do not drink)

Knowledge

  • …consistency-- people seek out knowledge that is consistent with their attitudes and values
  • …“fallacy of the empty vessel”-- people once assumed if teachers poured out information thirsty students would drink up the knowledge to improve their lives
  • …personal importance-- determines how much attention someone pays to the information presented
slide3

Social Pressure (Peer Pressure)

  • …is the desire or belief that one needs to go along with or rebel against other’s expectations and/or actions
  • …is heavily influenced by opinions and actions of others (especially parents and friends)
  • …alone or in a group determines the way a person will act.
slide4

Habits

  • …the more an act is repeated the easier it becomes to do and the more comfortable one feels doing it
  • …as the habit becomes more ingrained the original reason for doing the act may be forgotten
slide5

Attitudes and Values

  • …pleasure (exercise, reading)
  • …personal (vegetarian, not smoke)
  • …religious (abstain from sex, do not drink)
slide6

PLEASURE

RELIGION

PERSONAL

slide7

Knowledge

  • …consistency-- people seek out knowledge that is consistent with their attitudes and values
  • …“fallacy of the empty vessel”-- people once assumed if teachers poured out information thirsty students would drink up the knowledge to improve their lives
  • …personal importance-- determines how much attention someone pays to the information presented
self image
Self-Image
  • definition
    • feelings and ideas about your physical, mental, emotional, social and spiritual self.
your house self image
Your House – Self Image

Physical

Mental

Emotional

Social

Spiritual

positive results
Positive Results
  • a. self-confidence(secure in the belief that you can do what you want to do.)
  • self-reliant (able to trust your own judgment and willing to be responsible for your actions.)
  • self-aware (conscious of your personal strengths and weaknesses and capable of self-critism.)
negative results
Negative Results
  • self-conscious(uncomfortable about how you look, feel and come across to others.)
  • self-absorbed(so wrapped up in real and imagine problems that you have no room for relationships with other people.)
  • self-defeating(unable to see your potential because you cannot see or believe in your strong points.)
things to remember
Things to remember
  • we all put ourselves down at times.
  • We put too much value in what others think of us as the source of our self-image.
  • What is most important is “what I think of me!”
what self image influences
What self-image influences…
  • How you look
  • How you act
    • your idea of yourself is the root of all your actions
    • you need to be willing to try new things and change old ones
  • How you feel
    • you cannot control your feelings, but you have control over your attitude when you encounter different situations
    • how you feel about yourself is the signal you will send out to others.
  • A message of self-liking and self-acceptance sends a message of your ability to like and accept other people!
slide14

A message of self-liking and self-acceptance sends a message of your ability to like and accept other people!

what influences self image
What influences self-image…
  • Physical self-image
  • Mental self-image
  • Emotional self-image
physical self image
Physical self-image
  • what you see when you look in the mirror
  • strongly influenced by our culture

negative results

      • excessive dieting or exercise
      • overspending on clothes
      • exaggerated worries
  • certain things can be changes
  • we tend to exaggerate our flaws and set up unrealistic standards
  • looks do not reflect personality
  • the younger you are the more important looks are
mental self image
Mental self-image
  • what we think about ourselves
  • biggest influence is school

grades

effortself-esteem

      • success or failure
      • it is more often the lack of direction or the lack of confidence than the lack of ability that contributes to failure
      • certain capabilities are inherited
      • not trying is the meaning of failure
emotional self image
Emotional self-image
  • feelings about yourself and others
  • feelings are the hardest to understand and to express
    • negative feelings are not encouraged in our society
    • negative feelings will ALWAYS have a positive affect with awareness and the right attitude
  • strongest influence are family, friends and our environment
    • supportive and encouraging = positive results
    • critical and difficult = negative results
self esteem
Self-Esteem
  • Definition
  • 1. my perceptions and opinions about myself.
  • 2.judgments I make and usually maintain about myself.
  • 3.the qualities that combine to make me an individual, including values, goals, abilities, worth, physical make-up and purpose in life.
slide20

High self-esteem-- I am generally satisfied with who I am and what I am doing with my life

  • Subject to change-- good and bad self-esteem fluctuates depending on the events of the day, people you are near, etc.
  • Importance to behavior-- self-esteem determines behavior
  • Affects motivation-- self-esteem affects motivation, the desire to learn and the ability to develop successful relationships and occupations
ways to promote self esteem
Ways to Promote Self-Esteem
  • 1. be honest with yourself
  • 2. be flexible
  • 3. set attainable goals
  • 4. seek help when help is need
enhancing self esteem
Enhancing Self-Esteem
  • 1. use positive verbalization
  • 2. accept compliments
  • 3. plan for success
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