THEORIES OF MOTIVATION. The motivation of employees is influence by job satisfaction. Job satisfaction - is the degree to which employees are satisfied with their jobs. THEORIES OF MOTIVATION. Hawthorne Studies Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Herzberg’s Job Satisfaction
The motivation of employees is influence by job satisfaction.
Job satisfaction- is the degree to which employees are satisfied with their jobs.THEORIES OF MOTIVATION
Suggest that employees are more motivated when they receive more attentionHawthorne Studies
Maximization of potential
This need for belonging can often overcome the physiological and security needs, depending on the strength of the peer pressure; an anorexic, for example, may ignore the need to eat and the security of health for a feeling of control and belonging.Social needs ( Cont’d)
The motivation to realize one's own maximum potential and possibilities is considered to be the master motive or the only real motive, all other motives being its various forms.
In Maslow's hierarchy of needs, the need for self-actualization is the final need that manifests when lower level needs have been satisfied.Self-actualization
These motivators (satisfiers) were associated with long-term positive effects in job performance while the hygiene factors (dissatisfiers) consistently produced only short-term changes in job attitudes and performance, which quickly fell back to its previous level.Herzberg’s Job Satisfaction (Cont’d)
- Employees dislike work and job responsibilities and they will avoid work if possible
- Employees are willing to work and prefer more responsibility
Workers are motivated when they are allowed to participate in decision makingTheory Z
Workers are motivated if potential rewards for high performance are desirable and achievableExpectancy Theory
Workers are motivated if they are being compensated in accordance with their perceived contribution to the firmEquity Theory
Good behavior should be positively reinforced and poor behavior should be negatively reinforced to motivate workers in the futureReinforcement Theory
Firms may attempt to ensure that those employees with the highest performance each year receive the highest percentage raises.
The firms may used a merit system in allocates the performance of employees.
Firms may attempt to reinforce excellent employee performance with other rewards as well as rises.Adequate compensation program
Incentive plans provide employees with various forms of compensation if they meet specific performance goals.
Examples of compensation programs: bonus(based on how many cars are sold by the workers)Adequate compensation program (Cont’d)
Employees who have job security may be more motivated to perform well.
They are less likely to be distracted at work
Firms can provide more job security by training employees to handle various task so they can assigned other duties if their usual assignments are no longer needed.Job security
Indicates that, employees are more motivated when they play a bigger role in the firm, either by being more involved in decisions or by being assigned more responsibilityEmployee involvement program
Job enlargement a bigger role in the firm, either by being more involved in decisions or by being assigned more responsibility- a program to expend(enlarge) the job assigned to employees
Job rotation- a program that allows a set of employees to periodically rotate their job assignments
Empowerment- allowing employees the power to make more decisions.Methods to allow more employee involvement & responsibility