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הזחילה העירונית בישראל והשפעתה על תבנית המרקמים העירוניים אמנון פרנקל ומיה אשכנזי - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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הזחילה העירונית בישראל והשפעתה על תבנית המרקמים העירוניים אמנון פרנקל ומיה אשכנזי. המרכז לחקר העיר והאזור הטכניון – מכון טכנולוגי לישראל. זחילה עירונית ( urban sprawl ).

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הזחילה העירונית בישראל והשפעתה על תבנית המרקמים העירוניים אמנון פרנקל ומיה אשכנזי

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(urban sprawl)

, , ,

(Ewing, 1997).


(Ewing, 1994, 1997)

-

-


: ; ; ; ; ; - .

: ; .

: , , , - ; , .

: ; .


  • -

  • - (De grove, Ewing, Burchell et al., Downs, Johnson).

  • -

  • , " "Mills & Hamilton, Gordon) (& Richardson, Brueckner.


" "-

  • .

  • " " " "

  • .

  • - .

  • .


  • -

  • -90'

  • .


.


  • ?

  • 15 ?

  • ""?

  • - ?


  • : (Jackson); (Weitz, Hadly).

  • : ( ", , ') (Burton).

  • :, , , " ( ) = - , Turner, McGarigal & Marks, Batty & Longley,) (Torrens & Alberti).


: (" 1:10,000 1:15,000)

t0- -80'

t1- 2002

  • .. -80

  • 2002 ( - ..)

  • 1983, 1995


  • 78 , -80'.

  • .

  • -.

  • 2001 - 4.76 , - 73% .


-

(composition)

(configuration)

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Factor Analysis

(configuration)

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UA

P

SI =

""(Sprawl Index)

( t0 -t1):

UA= ()

P= ()

SI>1




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  • , , , , , ", . /.

  • ( ). .

  • , , . .


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  • . "". .


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1.00

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SEDEROT

]

ROSH HAAYIN

]

ASHDOD

]

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0.50

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ATLIT

]

]

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t1-t0

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  • , - - ("").

  • - 19-16 / , "" -1.

  • .

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]

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0.00

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OR YEHUDA

BAT YAM

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SHAVE ZIYYON

]

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YEROHAM

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-0.50

OMER

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average density=6614

-1.00

5000

10000

15000

20000

-t1

t1


-

- 2002(t1)

- 1989(t0)

  • 7% t0 -t1.

  • .

  • .

  • -29 t0 -t1.

SH=3.33

SH=2.97


-

2002

2002

  • , 9501300- , - 12% .

  • - 8 - 16 / .

LFIg=0.0

LFIg=0.319


( )

"

- (")

- 2002

- 2002

  • 20% " (-044 -305 ). -.

  • -12 " t0 -t1.

  • , " .

" = 116

" = 1,073


"

(

)

-

2002

2002

  • , "

  • "

  • .

  • , .

"

  • " : 88.3%

  • " : 6%

  • ": 0

  • : 5.7%

  • " : 61.8%

  • " , , : 34.8%

  • : 3.5%


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