הזחילה העירונית בישראל והשפעתה על תבנית המרקמים העירוניים אמנון פרנקל ומיה אשכנזי - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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הזחילה העירונית בישראל והשפעתה על תבנית המרקמים העירוניים אמנון פרנקל ומיה אשכנזי. המרכז לחקר העיר והאזור הטכניון – מכון טכנולוגי לישראל. זחילה עירונית ( urban sprawl ).

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הזחילה העירונית בישראל והשפעתה על תבנית המרקמים העירוניים אמנון פרנקל ומיה אשכנזי

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5317524


Urban sprawl

(urban sprawl)

, , ,

(Ewing, 1997).


Ewing 1994 1997

(Ewing, 1994, 1997)

-

-


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: ; ; ; ; ; - .

: ; .

: , , , - ; , .

: ; .


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  • -

  • - (De grove, Ewing, Burchell et al., Downs, Johnson).

  • -

  • , " "Mills & Hamilton, Gordon) (& Richardson, Brueckner.


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" "-

  • .

  • " " " "

  • .

  • - .

  • .


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  • -

  • -90'

  • .


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.


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  • ?

  • 15 ?

  • ""?

  • - ?


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  • : (Jackson); (Weitz, Hadly).

  • : ( ", , ') (Burton).

  • :, , , " ( ) = - , Turner, McGarigal & Marks, Batty & Longley,) (Torrens & Alberti).


1 10 000 1 15 000

: (" 1:10,000 1:15,000)

t0- -80'

t1- 2002

  • .. -80

  • 2002 ( - ..)

  • 1983, 1995


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  • 78 , -80'.

  • .

  • -.

  • 2001 - 4.76 , - 73% .


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-

(composition)

(configuration)

"

( )

( )

6

(% )


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/

"

"

"


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  • .

  • , , , , .

, ,


Factor analysis

Factor Analysis

(configuration)

(composition)

  • , .

  • , " . /.


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1:

2:

3:

4:

-

  • .

  • .

  • .

  • .

  • .


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  • "" "" .

  • , - .

  • .

  • .


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"

""


Sprawl index

UA

P

SI =

""(Sprawl Index)

( t0 -t1):

UA= ()

P= ()

SI>1


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:

  • : , .

  • , , , , , ", . /.

  • ( ). .

  • , , . .


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:

  • -. "" "" .

  • . .

  • , : , , .

  • . , , !

  • . "". .


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-

1.00

]

SEDEROT

]

ROSH HAAYIN

]

ASHDOD

]

]

]

0.50

]

]

]

ATLIT

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

t1-t0

]

]

]

]

]

  • , - - ("").

  • - 19-16 / , "" -1.

  • .

]

]

]

]

]

0.00

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

]

OR YEHUDA

BAT YAM

]

]

]

]

SHAVE ZIYYON

]

]

YEROHAM

]

-0.50

OMER

]

average density=6614

-1.00

5000

10000

15000

20000

-t1

t1


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-

- 2002(t1)

- 1989(t0)

  • 7% t0 -t1.

  • .

  • .

  • -29 t0 -t1.

SH=3.33

SH=2.97


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-

2002

2002

  • , 9501300- , - 12% .

  • - 8 - 16 / .

LFIg=0.0

LFIg=0.319


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( )

"

- (")

- 2002

- 2002

  • 20% " (-044 -305 ). -.

  • -12 " t0 -t1.

  • , " .

" = 116

" = 1,073


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"

(

)

-

2002

2002

  • , "

  • "

  • .

  • , .

"

  • " : 88.3%

  • " : 6%

  • ": 0

  • : 5.7%

  • " : 61.8%

  • " , , : 34.8%

  • : 3.5%


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