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Chapter 1: Westward the Course . Elizabeth I leads the rise of . E.N.G.L.A.N.D. Chapter 1: Westward the Course . E . Queen Elizabeth I threw her support behind expedition and colonization attempts by Sir Walter Raleigh, Sir Francis Drake, and Sir Hugh Willoughby.

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Chapter 1: Westward the Course

E.

  • Queen Elizabeth I threw her support behind expedition and colonization attempts by Sir Walter Raleigh, Sir Francis Drake, and Sir Hugh Willoughby

Elizabeth supports exploration

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Chapter 1: Westward the Course

N.

  • In 1587, Sir Walter Raleigh established an English colony at Roanoke Island in present day North Carolina
  • The settlement began with 117 men, women, and children
  • When a supply ship returned in 1591, no survivors were found
  • Roanoke Island is known as the “lost colony”

New Roanoke colony fails

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Chapter 1: Westward the Course

G.

  • The Golden Hind was Sir Francis Drake’s command ship
  • Commissioned by Elizabeth I,Drake spent years harassing Spanish gold ships and ports in the Caribbean Sea
  • In England, Drake’s was famously called the “Queen’s Pirate”
  • Spain considered Drake a lowly pirate and Phillip II actually offered a huge reward for his death or capture

Golden Hind harasses Spanish ships

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Chapter 1: Westward the Course

L.

  • Sir Walter Raleigh was an English explorer and friend of Queen Elizabeth I
  • While exploring the eastern coast of North America, Raleigh named the area “Virginia”
  • The name “Virginia” was to honor the virgin Queen of England, Elizabeth I

Lands claimed in N. America

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Chapter 1: Westward the Course

A.

  • Phillip II of Spain (former husband of Queen Mary, half-sister to Elizabeth I) wanted to bring England back to the Catholic Church
  • Phillip was also angered by English pirating of Spanish ships led by Sir Francis Drake
  • In 1588, Phillip sent the Spanish Armada (130 ships) against England

Armada defeated

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Chapter 1: Westward the Course

N.

  • After defeat of the Spanish Armada, England enjoyed almost complete command of the seas
  • This was a key event in England’s growing worldwide colonial and trade dominance

Navy commands the seas

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Chapter 1: Westward the Course

D.

  • Sir Francis Drake resolved to match Magellan’s feat by circumnavigating the world
  • He set sail in 1577 and returned to England in 1580
  • Along the way, Drake pirated Spanish ships and burned and looted Spanish settlements
  • It is believed Drake landed 30 miles northwest of San Francisco

Drake’s circumnavigation

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