Feeding styles and child weight status among recent immigrant mother child dyads
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Feeding styles and child weight status among recent immigrant mother-child dyads. by Jennie Kim. Introduction. Reason for choosing article Food habits strongly related to culture Increased interest in topic after coding videos for Dr. Boles. The source.

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Feeding styles and child weight status among recent immigrant mother child dyads

Feeding styles and child weight status among recent immigrant mother-child dyads

by Jennie Kim


Introduction

Introduction

  • Reason for choosing article

    • Food habits strongly related to culture

    • Increased interest in topic after coding videos for Dr. Boles


The source

The source

  • International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (IJBNPA)

    • Peer-reviewed online journal

    • Open access

    • Analyze behavioral aspects of diet and physical activity

    • Impact factor (IF) of 3.58


Background

Background

  • Immigrant population rapidly growing in the United States

  • Acculturation and the “obesogenic” environment

  • Importance of parenting

  • Feeding styles andfeeding practices


Background feeding styles

Background: feeding styles

Authoritative

Authoritarian

Indulgent

Uninvolved


Background purpose

Background: purpose

  • Indulgent feeding style linked to greater risk for childhood obesity

  • Hypothesis

    • “We hypothesized that children of parents with a low demanding/high responsive style would be at greater risk for overweight and obesity compared to those with a high demanding/high responsive style.”


Methods participants

Methods: participants

  • Baseline data (2009-2011) from Live Well

  • 383 mother-child dyads

  • Eligibility criteria

    • <10 years in the U.S.

    • Haitian, Latino, or Brazilian descent

    • 20-55 years of age

    • Not pregnant (or >6 months postpartum)

    • Has child between 3-12 years old

    • Lives in Greater Boston area

    • Willing to be randomized


Methods participants1

Methods: participants

  • Informed consent obtained

    • Assent for children >7 years old

    • Written consent from caregiver for children <7 years

  • Measurement day at local school or non-profit organization

  • 9 children <3 years after being randomized


Caregiver s feeding styles questionnaire cfsq

Caregiver’s feeding styles questionnaire (CFSQ)


Covariates

Covariates

  • Child birth date and gender

  • Maternal age, race/ethnicity, marital status, education, household size

  • Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)

  • Perceived Stress Scale (PSS)

  • Lifestyle in U.S. vs. home country


Statistical analysis

Statistical analysis

  • Use of median

    • Typical in dietary analysis

  • Descriptive statistics

  • Multiple linear regression


Results

Results


Results1

Results


Discussion

Discussion

  • Authoritarian and indulgent feeding styles are most common

  • Relationship with stress

  • Indulgent feeding style predictive of child weight status

  • Anti-immigrant feelings and actions during time of study


Limitations

Limitations

  • Generalizability is limited due to focus on Brazilian, Haitian, and Lationo families

  • Cross-sectional study

  • Only some aspects of acculturation were captured


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