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Teacher Notes. Globes and light sources should be used to have students model seasons, phases of the moon, and eclipses. Recommended Strategy - The four part activity in the student packet may be completed as a Gallery Walk.

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Teacher notes
Teacher Notes

  • Globes and light sources should be used to have students model seasons, phases of the moon, and eclipses.

  • Recommended Strategy - The four part activity in the student packet may be completed as a Gallery Walk


1. Caleb’s class is studying the Earth/Sun/Moon system. He studies the diagram of Earth and the sun shown below.

Which season is the northern hemisphere experiencing when Earth and sun are in these positions?

A fall

B winter

C spring

D summer

2. Maxine’s class is studying the Earth/Sun/Moon system. She studies the illustration of the moon, sun, and Earth shown below.

At which stage is a solar eclipse possible?

A 1

B 2

C 3

D 4



Seasons
Seasons observable features from the Earth?


What causes seasons brainpop video
What causes seasons? observable features from the Earth?BrainPop Video

We know that the reason we have day and night is because the Earth

rotates.


Seasons1
Seasons observable features from the Earth?

revolves

Look at this diagram. Notice how the Earth is always tilted in the same direction. As the Earth , the part of Earth tilted toward the sun changes.




How do tides change from high tide to low tide
How do tides change from high tide to low tide? sun? Explain.

  • Two big bulges of water form on the Earth:

    • one directly under the moon

    • another on the exact opposite side

As the Earth spins, the bulges follow the moon.


Gravitational effect of the sun
Gravitational Effect of the Sun sun? Explain.

  • Neap Tides

    • Earth, Moon, and Sun form right angles

    • High Tides are lower and Low Tides are higher than normal

  • Spring Tides

    • Earth, Moon, and Sun are lined up

    • High Tides are higher and Low Tides are lower than normal


Solar eclipses
Solar Eclipses sun? Explain.

How do Eclipses differ from Phases of the moon?

  • When the Moon’s shadow covers part of the Earth

  • Only happens at New Moon




The moon looks different throughout the month. start to finish.Sketch a diagram of the Earth, Moon, and Sun that demonstrates how these phases occur.Next, we will test these diagrams.

  • Using a diagram of the Earth, Moon, and Sun, how can you determine the phase of the moon?


Phases causes
Phases - Causes start to finish.

When the sunlight reflects off the Moon’s far side, we call it a New Moon

When the sunlight reflects off on the Moon’s near side, we call it a Full Moon

Between New and Full, we see parts of the daytime side of the Moon.


Phases start to finish. of the moon (Click and scan forward to the moon)


Possible extensions
Possible Extensions start to finish.

  • Gizmos –

    • 2D Eclipse or 3D Eclipse

    • Phases of the Moon

    • Seasons: Why do we have Them?

    • Tides


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