Participatory decision making
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Participatory Decision Making. Leonellha Barreto-Dillon, seecon international gmbh. Contents. Introduction Decision Making Process Gathering Ideas Situation and Problem Analysis Deciding With the Community Planning With the Community

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Participatory decision making

Participatory Decision Making

Leonellha Barreto-Dillon, seecon international gmbh


Participatory decision making

Contents

  • Introduction

  • Decision Making Process

    • Gathering Ideas

    • Situation and Problem Analysis

    • Deciding With the Community

    • Planning With the Community

  • Decision Making Process Case Study: When to Use which Tools?

  • References


Decision making tools

1. Introduction

Decision Making Tools

…deal with activities done in an actual participatory decision making process together with stakeholders…

  • Examples:

  • gathering ideas

  • analysing the situation

  • together with the local

  • population

  • deciding and planning

  • further steps together

  • with the stakeholders.


Decision making tools1

1. Introduction

Situation & Problem Analysis

Decision Making Tools

Deciding With the Community

Gathering Ideas

Problem & Preference Ranking

Swot Analyswis

Nominal Groups

Visioning

Brainstorming

Focus Groups

Venn Diagrams

Participatory Mapping

Focus Groups

Problem Tree Analysis

Participatory Mapping

Mindmapping

Planning With the Community

Semi-Structured Interviews

Community Action Plan


What does it mean decision making with the community

1. Introduction

What does it mean Decision Making with the Community?

  • Participatory process:

  • identified stakeholders undertake collective action of understanding, deciding and planning a project to reach a common objective.

SOURCE: L. Barreto Dillon


Participatory decision making

2. Decision Making Process

Steps involved in Participatory Decision Making Processes

  • Gathering Ideas

  • Analysing the Situation

  • Deciding

  • Planning

  • A vision paper, such as a Community Action Plan or a Long Term Strategy should compile the decisions taken in this step.

SOURCE: L. Barreto Dillon


Participatory decision making

2. Decision Making Process

Tools used in Participatory Decision Making Processes

Tools can be used at different stages in the learning cycle

Source: Wageningen International, http://portals.wi.wur.nl/msp/index.php?page=1180retrieved in April 2010

  •  Use the one you like!


Participatory decision making

2. Decision Making Process

Tools used in Participatory Decision Making Processes

  • The following tools can be used in different steps:

  • Gathering Ideas

  • Situation and Problem Analysis

  • Deciding

  • Planning with the community


Participatory decision making

2. Decision Making Process

A) Gathering Ideas

  •    Brainstorming

  • Rich Pictures

  • Mindmapping

  • Card Techniques

  • Participatory Mapping

  • Focus Groups

Brainstorming used in combination with card techniques. Participatory Mapping (Source: L Barreto Dillon).


Participatory decision making

2. Decision Making Process

B) Situation and Problem Analysis

  • Problem Tree Analysis

  • SWOT Analysis

  • Problem Ranking

  • Venn Diagrams

Example of a Venn Diagram. SOURCE: L. Barreto Dillon


Participatory decision making

2. Decision Making Process

C) Deciding With the Community

  •  Preference Ranking

  • Pair-wise Ranking

  • Nominal Groups

  • Visioning

  • Focus Groups

Example of Pair-wise Ranking. SOURCE: L. Barreto Dillon


Participatory decision making

2. Decision Making Process

D) Planning With the Community

  •  Logical Framework Approach

  • Community Action Plan

Community Action Plan. Source: SCN 2007


Participatory decision making

3. Decision Making Process Case Study: When to Use which Tools?

Implementation of HCES Planning Approach in Hatsaday Tai, Vientiane, Laos

  • July 2007 – April 2009

  • Main beneficiaries:

  • about 275 Low-income residents

  • Main stakeholders:

  • Village Environmental Unit

  • Authorities

  • Public Works Office

  • Services Providers

  • Mass organisations.

SOURCE: Lüthi C, Morel A, Kohler P, Tilley E. 2009. People’s Choice First. A 4-Country Comparative Validation of the

HCES Planning Approach for Environmental Sanitation. NCCR North-South Dialogue 22. Bern, Switzerland: NCCR North-South.


Participatory decision making

3. Case study: Implementation of HCES Planning Approach in Hatsaday Tai, Vientiane, Laos

Mission and Tools

  • Exploratory mission:meet & inform relevant national & provincial authorities (January 2007):

    • definition of the site

    • identification of stakeholders

    • appointment of project coordinator

  • Half day community workshop (60 community members) (July 2007)

    • Identify main issues of the village

    • Identify main stakeholders

    • Mapping current sanitation services

    • Inform about the project

  • Tools used:Focus Groups Discussions Problem Mapping


Participatory decision making

3. Case study: Implementation of HCES Planning Approach in Hatsaday Tai, Vientiane, Laos

Further Tools

  • Tools used: Visioning

  • One day official launching workshop (July 2007)

    • Multistakeholders workshop

    • About 200 participants, authorities, NGOs, academia and village representatives

    • Formation of a team

  • One Day Community workshop for Assessment of user priorities (January 2008)

    • 53 members of the community

    • Participants were asked to prioritize

    • SSWM components (water supply,

    • drainage, sanitation, solid water)

Tools used:Problem Tree Preference Ranking

Anonymous Pocket Voting


Participatory decision making

3. Case study: Implementation of HCES Planning Approach in Hatsaday Tai, Vientiane, Laos

Results of Anonymous Pocket Voiting

Source Lüthi et al 2009


Participatory decision making

3. Case study: Implementation of HCES Planning Approach in Hatsaday Tai, Vientiane, Laos

Further Tools

Expert meetings to identify the technical options (February 2008)

Tools used: Pre-selection of 3 systems adapted to local conditions

2 days community workshop for decision making (March 2008)

Tools used: Preference Ranking

2 days workshop for finalization of plans by coordination team (May 2008)Tools used: Community Action Plan

Consultation workshop with key stakeholders (August 2008)

Tools used: Revision of Community Action Plan


Participatory decision making

3. Case study: Implementation of HCES Planning Approach in Hatsaday Tai, Vientiane, Laos

Implementation

January 2009: Community members participated voluntary, providing food and shelter

Community involved in the project. Source: Lüthi et al. 2009


Participatory decision making

3. Case study: Implementation of HCES Planning Approach in Hatsaday Tai, Vientiane, Laos

Main Outputs

  • Construction and rehabilitation of 300 m of

  • stormwater drainage

  • Construction of 3 wastewater treatment

  • systems

  • Implementation of a solid management

  • concept

  • Definition of management regulations

Storm water drainage. Source: Lüthi et al 2009

Total planning and implementation costs amounted to US$ 263 per beneficiary


Participatory decision making

3. References

  • Lüthi C, Morel A, Kohler P, Tilley E. (2009): People’s Choice First. A 4-Country Comparative Validation of the HCES Planning Approach for Environmental Sanitation. NCCR North-South Dialogue 22. Bern, Switzerland: NCCR North-South.

  • WAGENINGEN UR, PPM&E Resource Portal (2010): Participatory Planning Monitoring & Evaluation, Managing and Learning for Impact in Rural Development. URL: http://portals.wi.wur.nl/ppme/?Home[Accessed: 27.05.2010]


Participatory decision making

“Linking up Sustainable Sanitation, Water Management & Agriculture”

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