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Islam Review. Objectives. The discussion of Islam in Chapter 10 includes information on the prophet Muhammad, the Qur'an, the central teachings, the Sunni-Shi'a split, Sufism, the Five Pillars and jihad, the spread of Islam, relationships with the West, and Muslim resurgence.

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Islam review

Islam Review

.


Objectives

Objectives

The discussion of Islam in Chapter 10 includes information on the prophet Muhammad, the Qur'an, the central teachings, the Sunni-Shi'a split, Sufism, the Five Pillars and jihad, the spread of Islam, relationships with the West, and Muslim resurgence.

After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Explain the background and importance of the prophet Muhammad to Islam.

  • Discuss the role of the Qur'an in the religion.

  • Describe the basic teachings and practices of Islam.

  • Recognize the religion's major divisions.

  • Discuss current issues in Islam and the relationship of Islam with the West.

  • Define important Islamic terms, names, and places including Abraham, Ishma'il, Ka'bah, Muhammad, Mecca, Medina, Qur'an, Allah, Hadith, Sunnah, Gabriel, hijrah, caliph, suras, Fatiha, Paraclete, Shahadah, shirk, kufr, angels, archangels, Satan, jinn, the Last Judgment, Hell, Sunni, Shi'a, ummah, Shari'ah, Imams, 'Ali, Twelvers, Seveners, Sufism, dervishes, Jalal al-Din Rumi, Five Pillars of Islam, Islamists, zakat, fasting, hajj, jihad, mujahid, dhimmis, ulama, and hijab.


Islam review

In Islam, the supreme central focus and authority is

Allah. 

Imam. 

Muhammad. 

Caliph.

The word "Islam" means

those who follow Muhammad.

sons of Allah.

surrender to God.

recitations.


Islam review

When Muhammad was _____ years old, he began receiving

revelations from God.

30

40

60

25

Muslims calculate time from the migration of Muslims to Medina,

called the hijrah, which took place in _______ CE.

612

266

587

622


Islam review

The Qur'an acknowledges prophets from Judaism and

Christianity, including

Adam.

Jesus.

Abraham.

any of these.

The Shi'a faction of Islam claims ______, Muhammad's cousin

and husband to his daughter Fatima, as the legitimate Islamic

leader after Muhammad's death.

'Ali

Abu Bakr

Umar

Husayn


Islam review

The largest group within Islam is the _______, making up about

80 percent of all Muslims.

Shi'a

Sufi

Imams

Sunni

Shi'ites seek leadership from

Sufis.

Any of these.

caliphs.

Imams.


Islam review

The mystic tradition within Islam is called

Sunni.

Fana.

Shi'a.

Sufism.

The Mevlevi Dervish Order in Turkey famous for its ecstatic

dancing was founded by the poet

Abu Yazid al-Bistami.

Junayd.

Rabi'a.

Jalal al-Din Rumi.


Islam review

The specific patterns for Muslim worship set forth in the

Shari'ah are commonly known as

the Teachings of Muhammad.

The Qur'an.

The Five Pillars of Islam.

any of these.

The Five Pillars of Islam consist of the profession of belief

in God and messengership of Muhammad, prayer five times

a day, tithing, fasting, and

submission to God.

mosque sacrifice.

pilgrimage to Mecca.

memorization of the Qur'an.


Islam review

Although fasting is strongly recommended as an Islamic

practice, it is only required during the month of ___________,

a celebration that commemorates the beginning of the

revelations to Muhammad.

Rajab

Muharram

Safar

Ramadan

The Muslim community has often been particularly tolerant of

other monotheistic religions, especially

Jainism and Sikhism.

Sikhism and Hinduism.

Judaism and Christianity.

Hinduism and Buddhism.


Islam review

In the United States, the movement started by Elijah

Muhammad and now led by his son, Warith Deen

Muhammad, is called the

Twelvers.

American Muslim Mission.

Nation of Islam.

American Muslim Society.


Questions

QUESTIONS

Describe the factors contributing to the rapid spread of Islam.

Examine the role and status of women in Islam. Visit this site, Women in Islam, for information.

What misconceptions concerning Islam and Muhammad have been common in the West?

Explain the concept of jihad. Read this Religious Tolerance website’s commentary on the word jihad.


Islam review

.

Muslims consider this man the greatest of all the prophets: __________

Through the angel Gabriel, Muhammad received God's message. This message, the holy book of the Islam faith, is called the __________. 

Muslims trace their ancestry back to _________ by the Egyptian slave Hagar. 

The Muslim name for God is ____________. 

The holy city of Islam is ___________.


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