Islam Review. Objectives. The discussion of Islam in Chapter 10 includes information on the prophet Muhammad, the Qur'an, the central teachings, the Sunni-Shi'a split, Sufism, the Five Pillars and jihad, the spread of Islam, relationships with the West, and Muslim resurgence.
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The discussion of Islam in Chapter 10 includes information on the prophet Muhammad, the Qur'an, the central teachings, the Sunni-Shi'a split, Sufism, the Five Pillars and jihad, the spread of Islam, relationships with the West, and Muslim resurgence.
After reading this chapter, you should be able to:
In Islam, the supreme central focus and authority is
The word "Islam" means
those who follow Muhammad.
sons of Allah.
surrender to God.
When Muhammad was _____ years old, he began receiving
revelations from God.
Muslims calculate time from the migration of Muslims to Medina,
called the hijrah, which took place in _______ CE.
The Qur'an acknowledges prophets from Judaism and
any of these.
The Shi'a faction of Islam claims ______, Muhammad's cousin
and husband to his daughter Fatima, as the legitimate Islamic
leader after Muhammad's death.
The largest group within Islam is the _______, making up about
80 percent of all Muslims.
Shi'ites seek leadership from
Any of these.
The mystic tradition within Islam is called
The Mevlevi Dervish Order in Turkey famous for its ecstatic
dancing was founded by the poet
Abu Yazid al-Bistami.
Jalal al-Din Rumi.
The specific patterns for Muslim worship set forth in the
Shari'ah are commonly known as
the Teachings of Muhammad.
The Five Pillars of Islam.
any of these.
The Five Pillars of Islam consist of the profession of belief
in God and messengership of Muhammad, prayer five times
a day, tithing, fasting, and
submission to God.
pilgrimage to Mecca.
memorization of the Qur'an.
Although fasting is strongly recommended as an Islamic
practice, it is only required during the month of ___________,
a celebration that commemorates the beginning of the
revelations to Muhammad.
The Muslim community has often been particularly tolerant of
other monotheistic religions, especially
Jainism and Sikhism.
Sikhism and Hinduism.
Judaism and Christianity.
Hinduism and Buddhism.
In the United States, the movement started by Elijah
Muhammad and now led by his son, Warith Deen
Muhammad, is called the
American Muslim Mission.
Nation of Islam.
American Muslim Society.
Describe the factors contributing to the rapid spread of Islam.
Examine the role and status of women in Islam. Visit this site, Women in Islam, for information.
What misconceptions concerning Islam and Muhammad have been common in the West?
Explain the concept of jihad. Read this Religious Tolerance website’s commentary on the word jihad.
Muslims consider this man the greatest of all the prophets: __________
Through the angel Gabriel, Muhammad received God's message. This message, the holy book of the Islam faith, is called the __________.
Muslims trace their ancestry back to _________ by the Egyptian slave Hagar.
The Muslim name for God is ____________.
The holy city of Islam is ___________.