Legislation after the Civil War. Claim: Legislations passed after the Civil War were intended to improve the lives of freed slaves and Southern refugees, however lack of government support and other obstacles prevented the legislations from having lasting effects.
Legislation after the Civil War
Legislations passed after the Civil War were intended to improve the lives of freed slaves and Southern refugees, however lack of government support and other obstacles prevented the legislations from having lasting effects
The Freedmen’s Bureau (1865-1872) Provided food, medical care and clothing for black and white refugees in the South. 1Established schools to maintain literacy as fast and widespread as possible. (Around 3,000 schools) 1Helped slaves transition out of slavery and other refugees transition to working class. 1Many white Southerners opposed the Freedmen’s BureauPositives: -Fed millions of people –Established hospitals and schools –Helped former find lost relatives2Negatives: -Understaffed and underfunded –Large opposition to the Bureau in the South –No long term protection for the freed slaves2
1. Wormser, Richard, “Freedmen’s Bureau,” Rise and Fall of Jim Crow, last modified 2002, accessed October 11, 2013 http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_freed.html
2. A&E Television Networks, LLC. "Freedmen's Bureau." History.com — History Made Every Day — American & World History. http://www.history.com/topics/freedmens-bureau (accessed October 14, 2013).
The civil rights act of 1866 "grants freed people citizenship, provides them 'full and equal benefits of all laws, and empowers federal courts to defend these rights from interference by the state’”3Outlawedthe black code granting former slaves the rights to: to carry a weapon, serve on juries, testify against whites, marry whites, traveling without a permit, and own land.4Preventedviolence from southerners that would keep blacks from improving there position in society.4Those being discriminated against had little legal help assess meaning many were left with out a legal response.
3. 1. Eric Foner, Reconstruction Reader (Wellesley, M.A. U.S.A: Social Studies Department, 1996), p58.
4.Gerald A. Danzer, The Americans, student text. ed. (Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, 2005), p379.
5. "The Enforcement Acts," Rise and Fall of Jim Crow, last modified 2002, accessed October 11, 2013, http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_enforce.html.