Can an open access mandate avoid destroying a well functioning publication system
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Can an Open Access mandate avoid destroying a well functioning publication system?. Jørgen Burchardt The Society of Danish Science Editors [email protected] www.burchardt.name www.videnssamfundet.dk. I am a researcher and editor. > 33 years as an editor

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Can an Open Access mandate avoid destroying a well functioning publication system?

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Can an Open Access mandate avoid destroying a well functioning publication system?

Jørgen Burchardt

The Society of Danish Science Editors

[email protected]

www.burchardt.name

www.videnssamfundet.dk


I am a researcher and editor

> 33 years as an editor

Experiments with Open Access 1987 (Nordisk Bibliografi for Folkelivsforskning og Nord Nytt)

Established the first Danish peer reviewed journal Open Access in 2001 (Tidsskrift for Arbejdsliv)


Other pioneers in Open Access

Anders Geertsen, Munksgaard:

First Monday 1996- (present USA)

Ugeskrift for Læger 2001 (-2010)


Journals - gatekeepers for academic quality

researchers

readers

Editorial process


Journals – the quality process

researchers

readers

Editorial process

peer review

discussions

feedback

copy editing

proofreading

imaging

lay out

digital markup

and much more


The best editors are necessary for highest quality

researchers

readers

Editorial process


Necessary organization

researchers

readers

Editorial process

Organisation

(publisher)


Necessary income

subscription

researchers

readers

Editorial process

Organisation

(publisher)


Author-financed Open Access (golden)

researchers

readers

Editorial process

Organisation

(publisher)

One article = 2.000 €

(John Houghton)


Author-financed Open Access (golden)

Is not a solution in humanities and social sciences

Example:

Historisk Tidsskrift has 25 % authors without a research institution behind them.

(unemployed, retired, teachers at high schools, priests)

And has many other drawbacks


Mandate research council

FKK 2008

All articles from supported journals had to be Open Access within a year after publication


Consequences Arbejderhistorie

subscribers

From 480 to 384 pages

20 % less published articles


Mandate research council

FKK 2008

Of 28 printed journals:

  • 15 still only in print

  • 4 became OA (delayed)

  • 2 won’t apply

  • 7 are closed


Mandate research council

FKK 2008

35 % closed or with severe problems

Reason: the research council was more interested in ideology than in publishing


OA – no advantage for researchers anymore

Litterature at

Research libraries

Researchers

need

After John Houghton


OA – advantage for ordinary people

Humanities and social sciences

and popular STM in Danish

But the municipal libraries could buy a licens for the whole population

OA is not necessary


Author-archiving Open Access (green)

researchers

readers

Editorial process

Organisation

(publisher)


A manuscript and an article are not the same


A manuscript and an article are not the same


A manuscript and an article are not the same


A manuscript and an article are not the same


Enforce the researchers to archive

Researchers know that manuscripts are second class

Archiving is against their will and will only happen after a mandate


Author-archiving Open Access (green)

researchers

readers

Editorial process

Organisation

(publisher)


Author-archiving Open Access (green)

researchers

readers

Editorial process

Organisation

(publisher)


Green Open Access is

  • Slow to read

  • Slow to use

  • Missing information

  • Wrong information

  • You need to use the original article

  • Bureaucratic and unproductive system

  • The functioning publishing system will be destroyed


Mandating a OA green is a strategy to get OA gold

If universities mandate green open access, making all papers accessible, libraries will begin to cancel journal subscriptions "catastrophically“

Stevan Harnad, Times Higher Education 12 November 2009

And yes, some publishers will decide to leave the business, but that is perfectly fine.

Stevan Harnad, Information Today February 2010


OA green mission: Destruction

And from destruction came Phoenix: golden OA


What is the most dangerous idea in the world?

It is the ideas about green OA that will reduce the quality and efficiency of the dissemination of research results.

A reduction by only a few percent will be a threat to the world economy, and by that to peace and freedom.


That explain why DEFF/Danish Agency for Libraries and Media

  • Made OA lobby in secret

  • Kept the editors away from influences (330 mio. kr.)

  • Never have had open meetings about OA

  • Closed the doors for researchers, even at announced open OA meetings

  • Won’t allow researchers to join the OA network

  • Never have invited the Danish OA pioneers to share their experiences

  • Didn’t involve researchers, editors or publishers in the writing of the recommendation


This strategy will strengthen even the strongest

  • The smallest and weakest publishers will go out of business

  • The weak publishers will become more weak

  • The strongest companies will miss competition and by this become stronger


Can an Open Access mandate avoid destroying a well functioning publication system?NOOpen Access green is not a solution in and of itself but a strategic means to destroy the current publishing system

Jørgen Burchardt

The Society of Danish Science Editors

[email protected]

www.burchardt.name

www.videnssamfundet.dk


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