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The Number is the matter: Great Success of IYA activities in Japan. Junichi Watanabe(NAOJ) . Chairman of the planning committee of IYA2009 in Japan. ・ Development of Economy & Industry Technology and Engineering on mechanics, Optics, Electronics, Robotics, etc

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The Number is the matter: Great Success of IYA activities in Japan

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The number is the matter great success of iya activities in japan l.jpg

The Number is the matter:Great Success of IYA activities in Japan

Junichi Watanabe(NAOJ)

Chairman of the planning committee of IYA2009 in Japan

Circumstance before iya in japan l.jpg

・ Development of Economy & Industry

Technology and Engineering on mechanics, Optics, Electronics, Robotics, etc

ーー> Companies of telescopes & planetariums

・ Oriental Thoughts on Nature (maybe)

Local Governments

ーー> Public observatories, planetariums & Science Museums


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Planetariums in Japan

  • 250 !


    Science Museums)

  • ~30% of

    779 cities in Japan

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Public Observatories in Japan

  • 90 !



    & Sci. museums)

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Large Telescopes in Japan

Diameter Name Year Operation

  • 2.00m Nishi-Harima Astron. Obs. 1990 Hyogo Pref.

  • 1.88m Okayama Astrophysical Obs. 1960 NAOJ

  • 1.5m Gunma Astron. Obs. 1999 Gunma Pref.

  • 1.5m Univ. Hiroshima 1994 Univ.

  • 1.5m NICT 1988 NICT

  • 1.3m Sendai Astron. Obs. 2008Sendai City

  • 1.3m ISAS 1988 ISAS

  • 1.15m Ginga No Mori Astron. Obs. 1998 Rikubetu Town

  • 1.13m Nakagawa Science Center Nakagawa Town

  • 1.05m Misato Astron. Obs. 1995 Misato Town

  • 1.05m Ishikgakijima Aston. Obs. 2006 NAOJ

  • 1.03mSaji Astron. Obs. 1994 Tottori City

  • 1.01m Bisei Astron. Obs. 1993 Bisei Village

  • 1.00m Toyama Astron. Obs. 1997 Toyama City

  • 1.00m Kawabe Astron. Obs. 1995 Kawabe Town

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Public Observatories

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The number of the “Opening” of new telescopes to Public Obs. & Museums in Japan

  • Planetariums

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・ Decrease of newly founded facilities

・ Decreaseof visitors

・ Crisisofpossible close in the future

・ No communications with facilities


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In order to enhance outreach activities with connecting these facilities over Japan

・ Week set between August 1 and 7

  ・ Good weather after rainy season

  ・ Summer holiday season


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Star Week campaign

we provide opportunities for the general public to visit astronomical facilities and watch the starry night skies

Campaign poster with catchphrase

Original character

TV program explaining the Star Week

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Star Week since 1995 (events and facilities)

About over 200 cooperators (facilities) join our campaign every year.

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PAONET(Public Astronomical Observatory NETwork)

In order to share the astronomical images or materials for outreach among

various facilities where our NAOJ played an important role as a center since 1995. More than 130 facilities registered in this network.

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IYA Japan: Expanding the connections further













IYA2009 committee









(220 プラネタリウム)



(150 天文台)

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2888 & 842

  • Registered number of authorized events by IYA 2009 Japan Committee

  • Registered number of organizers of events

  • Most organizers are brand-new:

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  • Japan Public Observatory Society95

  • Japan Planetarium Association 161

  • PAONET 124

  • JAPOS ∩ JPA8


  • JPA ∩ PAONET 48


  • Non of above categories 587!

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Flower and Sand Art Festival


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Animation Program by National Broadcast company(NHK)

Mary & Galy


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Snack with IYA

Movies l.jpg


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Exhibition of 150 year anniversary of Yokohama port

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Public Park

Watch Maker: Citizon and

local government of the park

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Baseball Field

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Football Field

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Temple & Shinto Shrine

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  • The number of people who saw stars during 2009 counted by a Japanese cornerstone project: “Let’s look up the sky, Together! Ten millions’ star gazing”

    ~ almost 5% of Japanese population

    ~ Attendances of the football league

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3.01 million/day

  • Maximum access the Web Page of IYA2009.

  • July 22

    • 5/17 ****

    • 5/24 ****

    • 5/31 *****

    • 6/ 7 *******

    • 6/14 *********

    • 6/21 **************

    • 6/28 *******************

    • 7/ 5 ***********************

    • 7/12 *****************************************

    • 7/19 **********************************************************

    • 7/26 ******

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  • Total Solar Eclipse Live Broadcast by NHK from Cruse ship

  • YouTube at

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~ 50000

  • Number of safety glasses for observing partial solar eclipse

  • Samples distributed to all the elementary and junior high schools

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250,000 copies

  • IYA poster for 400 years of the telescope history

  • Distributed to all the schools

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  • Japanese IYA Song“GINGA(galaxy)” by a popular singer, MISIA

  • Released on June 10, and became a hit that recorded the 22nd Oricon ranking.

  • YouTube at

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>13000 small telescopes to 17 countries

  • “You are Galileo” project,

    ------> See Agata-san’s Poster

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14553 reports with 1.4 millions hits

  • Number of reports who tried to see Orionidmeteor shower during 19-23 October in 2009.

  • This was performed as one of the campaigns of NAOJ, which aims to widely announce the astronomical phenomena, and to encourage many people to see. (since 2003)

  • Participation-type campaigns by accepting the “observation report” via internet.

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Why Orionid meteor shower

  • Our group expected the enhanced display during 2006-2010, which comes every 70 years.

  • Next strong display will be 2076.

"Origin of the 2006 Orionid Outburst"

M. Sato and J. Watanabe

Publ. Astron. Soc. Japan 59, L21


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860 bookstores for 561 registered books

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8.49 millions

  • Google Hit on the terminology: Visibiily in Japan

  • International Year 2009

    • “国際和解年”0.65 million

      • (International Year of Reconciliation)

    • “国際天然繊維年”0.21 million

      • (International Year of natural Fibers)

    • “世界天文年”8.49 million

      • (International Year of Astronomy )

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What did we obtain through IYA2009

  • High visibility of Astronomy

  • Many “how-to’s” for the outreach activities

  • Firm connections between professional and amateur astronomical societies etc, which are brand-new organizers of outreach activities (exceeding the Starweek or existing campaigns)

  • This should be continued in the future.

  • “Summit of amateur astronomical clubs” in NAOJ will be held in April, where we aim to establish “JAU = Japan Astronomical Union”

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Huge numbers of messages or impressions collected

  • “I am glad to have seen the meteor for the first time in life, and I happened to cry due to its impression. “ (Geminid meteor showers)

  • countless … and priceless……………….

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