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Motoring Towards Sustainability Driving innovation and long term investment in low carbon vehicles Julie Foley, ippr 14th April 2003 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Motoring Towards Sustainability Driving innovation and long term investment in low carbon vehicles Julie Foley, ippr 14th April 2003. Policies for the longer term.

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Motoring Towards Sustainability Driving innovation and long term investment in low carbon vehicles Julie Foley, ippr 14th April 2003

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Motoring Towards Sustainability Driving innovation and long term investment in low carbon vehiclesJulie Foley, ippr14th April 2003

www.ippr.org/sustainability/


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Policies for the longer term

“The trouble with long-term issues is that they seldom fit political time-scales. The impact of some of the measures we announce today will not be felt under this Government, or even this generation. We have to do what is right for the long-term. The truth is investment now to meet the challenge of these issues is worth every penny in the long-term.”

Tony Blair’s 2003 speech on sustainable development

www.ippr.org/sustainability/


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The shift towards lower carbon vehicles

Tax reforms mean vehicles with lower CO2 emissions pay less tax

Powering Future Vehicles Strategy sets 2012 targets for low carbon vehicles

But has enough support been given to longer term low carbon options?

www.ippr.org/sustainability/


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Why is innovation important?

Innovation is by definition uncertain

The process of research, development and ‘learning by doing’ yields options whose costs and environmental benefits are unknown

Without innovation the potential for new transport fuels, like hydrogen, will not be realised

www.ippr.org/sustainability/


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The role for environmental taxation

Fuel duty is a useful tool for helping to create a market for a new fuel

The current tax structure is not well equipped to deal with tomorrow’s low carbon fuels

Fuel duty does not distinguish fuels by their method of production

www.ippr.org/sustainability/


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Relationship between duty & CO2

Petrol

Ethanol (woody biomass) - 2005

Diesel

Ethanol (sugar beet) - 2005

Source: GM/LBST study (2002)

Rape methyl ester

CNG

www.ippr.org/sustainability/


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The role for environmental taxation

Differential rates of duty based on the carbon content of the fuel would distinguish and reward lower carbon forms of fuels

But there are limits to taxes

The tax system is unlikely to be a major driver for long term business investments

www.ippr.org/sustainability/


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Why bother with hydrogen now?

Renewable hydrogen is decades away from being a mass market option

In the coming years, improvements in the fuel efficiency of vehicles will deliver high carbon savings

Hybrids are not a barrier to fuel cells but a useful intermediate step

www.ippr.org/sustainability/


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Building a UK supply chain for fuel cell research & development

Developing the UK as a hub for fuel cell R&D could boost the UK’s competitiveness

Most fuel cell developments are located in the US and Germany

The UK is not currently viewed as an attractive market for fuel cell investments

www.ippr.org/sustainability/


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Is regulation the key to innovation?

Powering Future Vehicles Strategy commits to setting ultra low carbon vehicle targets for 2020

2020 targets are unlikely to give business the confidence to invest in hydrogen research and infrastructure

Regulation would provide assurance of a future hydrogen vehicle market and encourage innovation

www.ippr.org/sustainability/


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What kinds of regulation could work?

There are lessons from California’s experience with Zero Emission Vehicle Mandates

Regulation doesn’t have to mean ‘picking winners’

Government could introduce ‘zero exhaust emission’ mandates for city centres by 2020

www.ippr.org/sustainability/


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