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Read pages: 692-694

1. Explain each of Kepler’s3 laws of planetary motion.

2. What is eccentricity and orbital period?

3. How did Newton’s ideas about the orbits of the planets differ from Kepler’sideas.

True/False

4. A planet moves relatively slower when it is farther from the sun than it does when it is closer to the sun.

5. Kepler’s first law states that each planet orbits the sun, not in a circle, but in an ellipse.

6. Kepler’s third law states that the square of the average distance of a planet from the sun is proportional to the cube of the orbital period.

If you finish early:

Read the “Reading Skills” section on page 712 and answerquestions.

Read pages: 692-694

Law of ellipses – each planet orbits the sun in a path called an ellipse

Law of equal areas – equal areas are covered in equal amounts of time as an object orbits the sun

Law of periods – the cube of the

average distance of a planet from

the sun is always proportional to

the square of the period

1. Explain each of Kepler’s3 laws of planetary motion.

scientists use a planet’s orbital period to determine how far away a planet is from the sun

Read pages: 692-694

2. What is eccentricity and orbital period?

Eccentricity(unit = e) - the degree of elongation of an elliptical orbit

Orbital period – the time required for a body to complete a single orbit

Read pages: 692-694

3. How did Newton’s ideas about the orbits of the planets differ from Kepler’sideas.

Kepler described the elliptical shape of planetary orbits and the planets’ speeds at different points along their orbits.

Newton gave the causes of these same orbital motions: the curved elliptical orbital motion is the sum of the straight-line motion of a planet that results from inertia and the attractive force of gravity from the sun.

Read pages: 692-694

True/False

4. A planet moves relatively slower when it is farther from the sun than it does when it is closer to the sun.

5. Kepler’s first law states that each planet orbits the sun, not in a circle, but in an ellipse.

6. Kepler’s third law states that the square of the average distance of a planet from the sun is proportional to the cube of the orbital period.

True

True

False

Read pages: 692-694

If you finish early:

Read the “Reading Skills” section on page 712 and answerquestions.

8 – C

9 – F

10 – how all the stars move together AND how the whole sky spins slowly as the night goes on

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