The river Tinto. The River Tinto belongs to the basin of the Guadiana, is born in the Saw of Padre Caro and after crossing almost 100 Km comes even it estuary at Huelva where it fuses with the river Odiel. .
The River Tinto is the only place in the world, both for its chromatic beauty and for its exceptional environmental conditions. The waters characterized principally for being of pH very acid and red.
The River Tinto is the only enclave in the world, both for its chromatic beauty and for its exceptional environmental conditions.The place was chosen by the spatial North American agency FISHNET to study these forms of life, due to the probable similarity between its environmental conditions and those who might give in the planet Mars.
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The river takes importance as the contributions received from the reservoir of the Marismillas (Nerva), later it receives contributions of the Rivera del Jarrama and other tributaries, but its high degree of mineral concentration in the top section does that it supports the singularity of its waters.
Within municipal term of Berrocal, the natural space expands beyond the river including the whole territory of the term that was affected by the summer fire of 2004 (12.636, ha.) where the Govern of Andalucia develops plans of reforestation and regeneration.
With the declaration of River Tinto like Protected Landscape the aims go to preserve the wealth geomorfologic originated by the mining activity, to support the peculiar characteristics of the waters, to guarantee the displacement of the wild animals among the natural spaces that connect, to preserve the natural existing systems in its territorial area, to regenerate the spaces most degraded
As for the flora and fauna, the management of the new protected area will give special attention to species threatened as the so called heather of the mines (Erica andevalensis), endemic plant of Huelva in danger of extinction, and different varieties of bats that nest in the cavities and channels of the mining place.
Fungi Acidophilic Black
It presents anaerobic growth and uses the sulphur like donor of electrons and the ferric ion as aceptor.
They obtend his energy oxidizing the ferrous ions of the pyrite in ferric.
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