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Italian Space Agency Research and Development activities on Risk Management Seismic and Volcanic Risk. Cristina ANANASSO Laura CANDELA Giovanni RUM Earth Observation Unit.

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Cristina ANANASSO Laura CANDELA Giovanni RUM Earth Observation Unit

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Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

Italian Space AgencyResearch and Development activities on Risk ManagementSeismic and Volcanic Risk

Cristina ANANASSO

Laura CANDELA

Giovanni RUM

Earth Observation Unit

REMOTE SENSING WORKSHOP ON THE MONITORING OF ACTIVE VOLCANOES, DETECTION AND TRACKING OF VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS, AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF ALERT SYSTEMS FOR AVIATION HAZARDS

CORDOBA, November 23-27, 2004


Presentation outline

PRESENTATION OUTLINE

  • Earth Observation Unit’s Mission

  • ASI work in progess

  • Some results from the feasibility studies on Volcanic Risks

  • ASI & USERS partnership: Department of Civil Defence

  • SIASGE and COSMO - SkyMed


Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

Mission of Earth Observation Unit(Piano Spaziale Nazionale 2003-2005)

To improve with a continuative effort in the research and innovation fields the knowledge of the Earth system, to set up more and more reliable models for the forecast, the monitoring and the management of the natural and antropic phenomena, with a particular attention to natural disaster.

Applicative products


Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

Work in progress and planned activities on

Risk Management Applications

  • Feasibility studies (phase A - ECSS):

    • Volcanic risk

    • Seismic risk

    • Air Quality

  • Preliminary projects (phase B – ECSS):

    • Flood

    • Landslides

    • Forest fires

    • Oil spill

  • Related projects:

    • Earth Observation Centro di Competenza for the Italian Civil Defence Department

    • SIASGE and COSMO-SkyMed perspective

ECSS: European Cooperation for Space Standardization


Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

Seismic and Volcanic Risk applications

  • Phase A studies – feasibility studies (two for each application)

  • Studies were selected on a competitive basis (July 2003) – Call for Proposal

  • 3 steps

    • Phase 1 – Problem analysis and identification of applicative scenarios

    • Phase 2 – System concepts identification and EO role

    • Phase 3 – Feasibility evaluation and Preliminary Development plan

  • Milestones

    • ADR (Application Definition Review) t0 + 2m

    • INR (INtermediate Review) t0 + 4m

    • PRR (Preliminary Requirements Review) t0 + 6m


  • Aspected results from the feasibility studies

    Aspected results from the feasibility studies

    • Analysis of the national and international scenarios

    • Users’ requirements identification

    • EO’s role identification

    • Proposal for a functional architecture of the application

    • Technical, scientific and economical feasibility evaluation of the application


    Asi applications development plan

    ASI applications development plan

    Duration

    Status

    Feasibility study

    March - September 2004

    6 m.

    Preliminary Project

    KO: December 2004 (??)

    6 m.

    Pilot projects development

    Sviluppo Progettopilota

    2-3 y.

    Pre-op. demonstration

    on test site

    Dimostrazione pre-operativa su test site

    Operations


    Some results from feasibility studies on volcanic risks

    …some results fromFeasibility Studies onVolcanic Risks

    • Observational System for Monitoring and Management of Volcanic Risk- INGV

    2. Feasibility study of the applicative product Volcanic Risk - ESRI ITALIA SpA


    1 observational system for monitoring and management of volcanic risk

    1. Observational System for Monitoring and Management of Volcanic Risk

    • Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia – Dott.ssa M.F. Buongiorno

    • IREA-CNR

    • ACS

    • TRE

    • DATAMAT

    • GALILEOAVIONICA

    • IMAA


    Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

    Proposed satellite data


    Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

    Proposed products (1/2)


    Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

    Effusion Rate

    X

    X

    Plumes

    Components

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    LANDSAT

    ASTER,

    HYPERION,

    AVHRR

    DEM

    LUT

    Mappe di distrib. e conc. di SO2

    X

    X

    Split Window

    X

    X

    X

    HYPERION,

    MODIS

    radiosonde

    CIBR

    Mappe di contenuto colonnare di H2O

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    QUICKBIRD,

    ASTER,

    HYPERION,

    MODIS,

    MERIS

    DEM

    Radiosonde

    Calibration parameters di calibrazione

    AOT

    Mappe di AOT

    X

    X

    Damage estimate

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    SPOT,

    IKONOS,

    LANDSAT, QUICKBIRD,

    ASTER,

    HYPERION

    MIVIS

    Ground measurements

    Mappe di distrib. dei danni

    X

    Warning

    Multi-parametric interpretation (EO temporal series +

    Ground network temporal series )

    X

    Proposed products (2/2)


    Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

    System Architecture


    Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

    …some results fromFeasibility Studies onVolcanic Risks

    • Observational System for Monitoring and Management of Volcanic Risk- INGV

    2. Feasibility study of the applicative product Volcanic Risk - ESRI ITALIA SpA


    Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

    ESRI ITALIA SpA – Dott.ssa Paola Salvestrini

    • Dipartimento di Scienza Geologiche, Università di Roma Tre

    • Gallileo Sistemi

    • Sarmap s.a.

    • Space to Earth Technology s.r.l.

    • Data collection:

      • EO data

      • ground measurements

      • storical series data

    • Information management

      • Database creation

      • Processing/ Elaboration

    Operational scenarios and data provider and analysis


    Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

    Costellazione satelliti

    SEGMENTO SPAZIALE

    Programmazione

    Acquisizioni dati

    Telemetria e Telecomando

    Richieste

    Centro

    Controllo

    Satelliti

    CCS

    Centro Pianificazione e Controllo Missione

    CPCM

    Stazione

    TT&C

    Piani di acquisizione

    Dati EO

    Piani di

    Acquisizione dati

    Richieste di

    acquisizione dati

    Stazione Multimissione per Ricezione Diretta dei dati da satelliti EO

    Help Desk

    Catalogo e Browser Multimissione di stazione

    Archivio dati storici

    Richieste Prodotti

    Standard

    Richieste

    Programmazione

    Acquisizione Dati

    Prodotti

    Standard

    Livello 0

    Livello 1

    SEGMENTO TERRENO

    2

    3

    1

    Catalogo e Browser Rischio Vulcanico

    Archivio prodotti standard e V. A.

    di EO

    e dati dai sensori

    a terra per Applicazione Rischio Vulcanico

    Utilizzatori

    Utilizzatori

    Utilizzatori

    Prodotti

    V. A.

    Prodotti

    V. A.

    Processing prodotti V. A. per Applicazione Rischio Vulcanico

    Dati dai sensori a terra

    Banca Dati Applicazione Rischio Vulcanico

    GIS

    Prodotti

    Standard EO

    Dati dai sensori a terra

    GESTORI ED UTILIZZATORI DELL'APPLICAZIONE

    System Architecture

    Utilizzatori


    Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

    • Decisional Support System (DSS):

    • base functions for the Volcanic Risk

    • Data Collection

    • Information Selection : selection and validation of data

    • Data & Information Organization (how to produce and organize correct information to the final users)

    • Information Search & Distribution: how to provide the correct information to the final users


    Asi users partnership

    ASI & USERS partnership


    Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

    • User as a key-actor

    • Methods for user choice :

      • Representativeness

      • Political influence

      • Promotional possibilities

    • National institutions (as a guide)

    • Sub-national (operative) organizations

    • Fundamental contributions:

      • User requirements consolidation

      • Auxiliary data availability and validation

      • Service quality assessment

      • Results divulgation contribution

    Users requirements  EO requirements


    Users roles

    Users’ roles

    • Identification of priorities (respect to different risks, test sites and so on)

    • Requirements for products, services, service case identification (user requirements)

    • Reference architecture of national system (at national/regional level)

    • Interface requirements vs. the operational infrastructure

    • Integration in the operational systems of EO developed products/services

    • Assessment of products and procedures

    • Joint partecipation international initiatives


    Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

    The Italian Civil Defence Department for risk management applications

    • Landslides

    • Floods

    • Fires

    • Seismic risk

    • Volcanic risk


    Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

    Activities in charge to the Civil Defence

    • The Italian Civil Protection activities are the following (Italian Law 225/92):

    • Forecasting

    • activity devoted to analyze the causes of disaster events, to identify the risks and to detect the risks areas

    • Prevention

    • activity whose aim is to reduce damages due to the disaster events also taking into account the knowledge gained during the forecasting activities.

    • Assistance

    • all interventions whose aim is to ensure the elementary assistance to the population

    • Emergency management and overcoming

    • all the needed interventions for pursuing the achievement of acceptable quality of life conditions


    Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

    Identified Needs in term of Geo-spatial

    Information, Products and Services

    At national level to carry out the forecasting, prevention and emergency management activities (Italian Law 225/92) needs:

    • Assessment:

    • Hazards and general territorial information mapping

    • Prevention and risk reduction:

    • Territory classification map for:

      • building codes/rules

      • land use planning

      • priority intervention areas map

  • Emergency management:

    • Involved areas map

    • Event trend map in real time

    • Meteorological data in real time


  • Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

    • event location

    • risk assessment

    • needs, requirements, procedures & guide lines

    • risk mitigation through monitoring system

    • emergency plans

    • Contrast actions

    • aid organisation

    • damage assessment

    Civil Protection Activity

    Prevention

    Forecasting & Surveillance

    Emergency management


    Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

    Centri Funzionali (CFSE)

    Centre for Forecasting and Surveillance of Effects to support the civil protection Authority decisions (CFSE)

    CFSE are the operative support units, which are able to collect, elaborate and exchange every kind of data meteorological, hydrological data for hydro-geological and hydraulic risks, which provides a multiple support system for decisions

    Centri di Competenza (CTS)

    Centre for Technological and Scientific services , development and transfer (CTS)

    CTS are Institutions which provide services, information, data, elaboration, technical and scientific contributions for specifictopics.


    Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

    The Functional Centre Network

    “CENTRI FUNZIONALI”:

    designed structures for the activities of technical support to the civilprotection decision

    21 regional centres

    10 of those already fully operating

    1 Primary Functional Centres

    2 “Centres for Technological and Scientific services ”


    Asi as eo data provider for dpc

    ASI as EO data provider for DPC

    ASI will

    • provide, integrate, process, analyze, qualify and distribute EO data useful for the Civil Defence System

      CC-EO= Centro di Competenza for Earth Observation


    Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

    Expected Benefits from using Earth Observation

    • Continuous monitoring (overview) of territory;

    • Ready-to-use and geo-referenced data for GIS systems;

    • Updated and fast delivered information;

    • Wide and homogeneous areas inspection (same details for whole territory);

    • Availability of long period dataset (for historical analysis);

    • Improving of emergency management for few and well identified event (flood, atmospheric and water pollution)

    • Ex.Boundaries of flooded areasLand displacement due to subsidence or active faultsRiver network, dams and reservoir census


    Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

    How ASI can support risk management

    • Central role in managing the EO information, data archiving and satellite products (CC-EO)

    • Developing

      • multimission data acquisition infrastructure

      • data catalogue and archive

      • data distribution

    • User requirements collection

    • Supporting users with EO products

    • Stipulating international agreement to access existing data archive and future data acquisition

    • Provide information from existing satellite missions to final users


    Siasge sistema italo argentino per la gestione delle emergenze

    SIASGE Sistema Italo-Argentino per la Gestione delle Emergenze


    Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

    SIASGE (1/2)

    • About 3 years of joint evaluation and studies on Italian and Argentinean priorities on applications devoted to risk management

    • COSMO-SkyMed, 4 satellites, radar X- band from ASI

    • SAOCOM, 2 satellites, radar L- band from CONAE

  • Data exchange for istitutional porpouses

  • Joint development of products and services for applicative use with X- and L- radar data.

  • SIASGE

    L + X BAND

    COSMO- SkyMed

    X- band

    SAOCOM

    L- band


    Siasge applications 2 2

    SIASGE applications (2/2)

    Defined in both National Space Plan (PSN for ASI and PEN for CONAE)

    • Baseline applications:

      • Floods

      • Landslides

      • Oil spill

      • Fires

      • Seismology

      • Volcanology

    • Other applications:

      • Resources management applications

      • Environmental management applications

      • Maritime topographic mapping

      • Science applications


    Cosmo skymed mission

    COSMO-SkyMed mission


    Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

    Mission statement

    • COSMO-SkyMed is an end-to-end Earth Observation System dedicated to the Earth remote sensing and data exploitation for Dual (military and civil) Use applications.

    • Main mission objective is therefore the provision of data, products and services relevant to the:

      • monitoring, surveillance and intelligence applications;

      • environmental monitoring, surveillance and risk management applications of institutional entities;

      • environmental resources management, maritime management, earth topographic mapping, law enforcement, informative / science applications of other institutional, scientific and commercial entities.

    • COSMO-SkyMed, funded by the Italian Ministry of Research and Ministry of Defence and conducted by the Italian Space Agency (ASI), appears to be the first System (and mission) capable to fully meet the requirements for management, control and exploitation of Earth resources


    Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

    COSMO-SkyMed Mission features

    COSMO-SkyMed Mission answers to users needs and to the market demand. It is characterized by the following peculiar features:


    Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

    COSMO-SkyMed Overall Performance

    • The System guarantees:

      • Very short response time to access any Earth location worldwide (<18/24 h)

      • Revisit times less than 12 hours allowing multiple points of view (angles)

      • Priority (planning) and Security Management

      • Very accurate geo-location

    • A variety of sizes and resolutions are available up to meter and sub-meter resolution products

    • Up to 1800 images with such resolutions can be acquired each day with the full 4 X-Band SAR Satellites Constellation

    Access area : 1150 Km ground cross track, corresponding to pointing angles between 20° and 57°, left and right looking


    Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

    COSMO-SkyMed SAR Operational Modes

    FLIGHT DIRECTION

    SWATH

    HUGEREGION

    100 m resolution

    on 200 km

    WIDEREGION

    30 m resolution

    on 100 km

    PINGPONG

    15 m resol.

    on 30 km

    SPOTLIGHT

    High resol on 10 km

    HIMAGE

    3-15 m resol.

    on 40 km


    Cristina ananasso laura candela giovanni rum earth observation unit

    COSMO-SkyMed – Examples of applications

    • Land

    • Mapping (including rapid mapping, precision mapping, DEM’s)

    • Change detection (land)

    • Terrain movements (subsidence, landslides)

    • Sea/ocean

    • Oil spill and vessels detection & monitoring

    • Coastline monitoring


    Thanks for your time

    Thanks for your time…

    Cristina

    [email protected]


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