Russia and the republics ch 15
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Russia and the Republics Ch 15. Northern Landforms. Intro 1/6 of world landmass North European Plain Lowland In west to Ural Mtns Chernozem – fertile soil of plain Lots of agriculture here 75% of population Moscow (Russian cap), St Petersburg, Kiev (Ukraine). West Siberian Plain.

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Russia and the Republics Ch 15

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Russia and the republics ch 15

Russia and the RepublicsCh 15


Northern landforms

Northern Landforms

  • Intro

    • 1/6 of world landmass

  • North European Plain

    • Lowland

    • In west to Ural Mtns

    • Chernozem – fertile soil of plain

      • Lots of agriculture here

    • 75% of population

    • Moscow (Russian cap), St Petersburg, Kiev (Ukraine)


West siberian plain

West Siberian Plain

  • E of Urals to Yenisey R

  • Arctic O to foothills of Altay Mtns

  • Slopes downhill to N

    • Rivers drain to Arctic O


Central siberian plateau and russian far east

Central Siberian Plateau and Russian Far East

  • Uplands and mtns dominant

  • High plateaus

    • 1-2000 ft

  • Far East

    • E of Lena R

    • Volcanic ranges

    • Kamchatka peninsula

      120 volcanoes

      20 active

    • Sakhalin, Kuril Islands

      Seized from Japan after WWII

      Japan still claims


Southern landforms

Southern landforms

  • Caucasus and Other Mtns

    • Caucasus

      • btw Black and Caspian Seas

      • form border btw Russia and Transcaucasia

        Trans= Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia

    • Further east

      • Tian Shan and others

      • Southeastern border of Central Asia

        Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

      • Block moisture from south

        Create arid climate in central Asia


Turan plain

Turan Plain

  • Lowlands

  • East of Caspian

  • 2 rivers

    • Syr Darya

    • Amu Darya

  • Very dry area – 2 deserts

    • Kara Kum

    • Kyzyl Kum


Rivers and lakes

Rivers and Lakes

  • Drainage Basins and Rivers

    • Drainage basin=area drained by river + tributaries

    • Arctic Basin

      • Ob

      • Yenisey

      • Lena

        3=1,750,000 cubic ft/sec

    • Caspian

      • Volga

        Longest river in Europe

        60% Russia’s river traffic


Russia and the republics ch 15

Volga drainage basin


Lakes

Lakes

  • Caspian

    • Saltwater

    • 750 mi N-S

    • Largest inland sea-world

  • Aral

    • Saltwater

    • Lost 80% water since 1960

    • Extensive irrigation

    • Vanish soon


Aral sea

Aral Sea


Lake baikal

Lake Baikal

  • Deepest in world

    • 1 mile

  • 400 mi N-S

  • 20% world’s fresh water

  • 1200 species unique to lake


Regional resources

Intro

Lots of resources

Transportation difficult

Abundant Resources

Coal

Iron, metals

Oil & gas

Forests

1/5 world total

Hydroelectric-rivers

Resource Management

Harvest and transport difficult

Harsh climate

Long distances

Siberia

Source of many resources

In far east – long distances

Frigid temps

Environmental damage

Mining

Oil/gas production

Thermal pollution

Hot discharge from dams/hydroel plants

Little govt control of pollution

Regional Resources


Forests

Forests


Russia and the republics ch 15

An explosion at Russia's largest power generator—the Sayano-Shushenkaya hydroelectric plant in Siberia—has killed at least 12 people, and another 64 are thought to be lost in the wreckage. It's an environmental disaster of monumental proportions: in addition to the tragic deaths, the damaged plant has released an oil slick over 10 miles of the surface of nearby Yenisei River

August, 2009


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