russia and the republics ch 15
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Russia and the Republics Ch 15. Northern Landforms. Intro 1/6 of world landmass North European Plain Lowland In west to Ural Mtns Chernozem – fertile soil of plain Lots of agriculture here 75% of population Moscow (Russian cap), St Petersburg, Kiev (Ukraine). West Siberian Plain.

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Presentation Transcript
northern landforms
Northern Landforms
  • Intro
    • 1/6 of world landmass
  • North European Plain
    • Lowland
    • In west to Ural Mtns
    • Chernozem – fertile soil of plain
      • Lots of agriculture here
    • 75% of population
    • Moscow (Russian cap), St Petersburg, Kiev (Ukraine)
west siberian plain
West Siberian Plain
  • E of Urals to Yenisey R
  • Arctic O to foothills of Altay Mtns
  • Slopes downhill to N
    • Rivers drain to Arctic O
central siberian plateau and russian far east
Central Siberian Plateau and Russian Far East
  • Uplands and mtns dominant
  • High plateaus
    • 1-2000 ft
  • Far East
    • E of Lena R
    • Volcanic ranges
    • Kamchatka peninsula

120 volcanoes

20 active

    • Sakhalin, Kuril Islands

Seized from Japan after WWII

Japan still claims

southern landforms
Southern landforms
  • Caucasus and Other Mtns
    • Caucasus
      • btw Black and Caspian Seas
      • form border btw Russia and Transcaucasia

Trans= Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia

    • Further east
      • Tian Shan and others
      • Southeastern border of Central Asia

Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

      • Block moisture from south

Create arid climate in central Asia

turan plain
Turan Plain
  • Lowlands
  • East of Caspian
  • 2 rivers
    • Syr Darya
    • Amu Darya
  • Very dry area – 2 deserts
    • Kara Kum
    • Kyzyl Kum
rivers and lakes
Rivers and Lakes
  • Drainage Basins and Rivers
    • Drainage basin=area drained by river + tributaries
    • Arctic Basin
      • Ob
      • Yenisey
      • Lena

3=1,750,000 cubic ft/sec

    • Caspian
      • Volga

Longest river in Europe

60% Russia’s river traffic

lakes
Lakes
  • Caspian
    • Saltwater
    • 750 mi N-S
    • Largest inland sea-world
  • Aral
    • Saltwater
    • Lost 80% water since 1960
    • Extensive irrigation
    • Vanish soon
lake baikal
Lake Baikal
  • Deepest in world
    • 1 mile
  • 400 mi N-S
  • 20% world’s fresh water
  • 1200 species unique to lake
regional resources
Intro

Lots of resources

Transportation difficult

Abundant Resources

Coal

Iron, metals

Oil & gas

Forests

1/5 world total

Hydroelectric-rivers

Resource Management

Harvest and transport difficult

Harsh climate

Long distances

Siberia

Source of many resources

In far east – long distances

Frigid temps

Environmental damage

Mining

Oil/gas production

Thermal pollution

Hot discharge from dams/hydroel plants

Little govt control of pollution

Regional Resources
slide34

An explosion at Russia\'s largest power generator—the Sayano-Shushenkaya hydroelectric plant in Siberia—has killed at least 12 people, and another 64 are thought to be lost in the wreckage. It\'s an environmental disaster of monumental proportions: in addition to the tragic deaths, the damaged plant has released an oil slick over 10 miles of the surface of nearby Yenisei River

August, 2009

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