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Admin. Review. Lesson 17. The US Navy in North Africa, the Mediterranean, and the Atlantic 1943-1945. Learning Objectives. Comprehend the absolute priority given to keeping the sea lanes to Britain open.

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lesson 17

Lesson 17

The US Navy in North Africa, the Mediterranean, and the Atlantic

1943-1945

learning objectives
Learning Objectives
  • Comprehend the absolute priority given to keeping the sea lanes to Britain open.
  • Know the relationship between Roosevelt and Churchill in the establishment of the United Nations and the broad concepts of Allied strategy.
  • Comprehend the confrontation between German U-boat strategy versus Allied convoy Antisubmarine (ASW) strategy in the Atlantic.
  • Comprehend the differences between British “War of Attrition” versus American plans for a direct confrontation with Germany.
  • Comprehend how Allied amphibious landings assisted in ending the war in Europe.
remember our themes
Remember our Themes!
  • The Navy as an Instrument of Foreign Policy
  • Interaction between Congress and the Navy
  • Interservice Relations
  • Technology
  • Leadership
  • Strategy and Tactics
  • Evolution of Naval Doctrine
competing allied strategies
Competing Allied Strategies
  • Allies spend 1943-44 building up in England for cross channel invasion
  • Anzio Op SHINGLE
    • January 1944
  • Normandy OpOVERLORD
    • June 1944
  • Southern France OpDRAGOON
    • August 1944
  • Succeed in pushing Germans back into its borders.
  • Spring 1945: War ends in Europe.
op shingle
Op SHINGLE
  • Intended to outflank German forces of the Winter Line and enable an attack on Rome
  • Allied forces in this attack consisted of 5 cruisers, 24 destroyers, 238 landing craft, 62+ other ships, 40,000 soldiers, and 5,000+ vehicles.
  • Gen Lucas fails to size advantage
  • Stalemate
op overlord
Op OVERLORD
  • A 12,000-plane airborne assault preceded an amphibious assault involving almost 7,000 vessels. Nearly 160,000 troops crossed the English Channel on 6 June; more than 3 million troops were in France by the end of August.
op dragoon
Op DRAGOON
  • Controversial from the time it was first proposed.
  • Difference of opinion between the American military leadership and their British counterparts.
  • Revived after the successful execution of OVERLORD
    • Allied ability to resupply their growing forces in France
      • Port facilities at Cherbourg
      • Artificial harbor at Omaha Beach
    • French pressure
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