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Units 11 and 12: Civil War and Reconstruction. Civil War. a war between opposing groups of citizens of the same country . sectionalism. an exaggerated devotion to the interests of a region. validity. executed with the proper legal authority. nullification.

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Units 11 and 12: Civil War and Reconstruction

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Units 11 and 12:

Civil War and Reconstruction


Civil War

a war between opposing groups of citizens of the same country


sectionalism

an exaggerated devotion to the interests of a region


validity

executed with the proper legal authority


nullification

the action of a state attempting to prevent the operation and enforcement within its territory of a law of the United States


bias

a personal and sometimes unreasoned judgment :prejudice


States’ rights

all rights not given to the federal government


habeas corpus

any of several common-law written documents issued to bring a party before a court or judge


compromise

Agreement between two or more sides in which each side gives up some of what it wants


conflict

competitive or opposing action of incompatibles


tariff

Tax on imports or exports


region

a geographic area with similar features


provisions

the act or process of providing


constitutionality

In accordance with the provisions of a constitution


emancipation

The act ofsetting free from restraint


nationalism

loyalty and devotion to a nation


reconstruction

the act of rebuilding


radical reconstruction

associated with political views


scalawag

A white Southerner acting in support of the reconstruction governments after the American Civil War often for private gain


civil rights

the nonpolitical rights of a citizen; especially: the rights of personal liberty guaranteed to United States citizens by the 13th and 14th amendments to the Constitution and by acts of Congress


Jim Crow Laws

Law that enforced racial segregation in the U.S. South between 1877 and the 1950s.


carpetbagger

a Northerner in the South after the American Civil War usually seeking private gain under the reconstruction governments


Freedmen

former slaves who have been released from slavery


black codes

laws passed by Southern state legislatures to define the legal place of blacks in society after the Civil War.

No black or freedman shall be permitted [allowed] to rent or keep a house within the limits of the town under any circumstances…

--- from a Black Code in

Opelousas, Louisiana


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