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CUIN 6371 Models of Teaching. Fall, 2003 Howard L. Jones Session 2 National Training Laboratory. Social Interaction. Teaching About Society Jurisprudential Oliver and Shaver Role Playing/Simulations Teaching Social Skills National Training Laboratory Teaching Academic Content

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Cuin 6371 models of teaching

CUIN 6371Models of Teaching

Fall, 2003

Howard L. Jones

Session 2

National Training Laboratory


Social interaction
Social Interaction

  • Teaching About Society

    • Jurisprudential Oliver and Shaver

    • Role Playing/Simulations

  • Teaching Social Skills

    • National Training Laboratory

  • Teaching Academic Content

    & Social Skills

    • Various Forms of Cooperative Learning


Not uncommon thinking
Not Uncommon Thinking

To get the job done, a committee should

consist of three persons…two of whom are absent


“If I had to identify, in one word, the reason why the human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

Dave Barry


Less common thinking
Less Common Thinking human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

All for one; one for all

Alexander Dumas


The eleventh commandment
The Eleventh Commandment human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

Thou shall not committee!


And to balance from the christian perspective
And to balance from the Christian Perspective human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

God so loved the world that He didn’t send a committee!


Gourd s axiom
Gourd’s Axiom human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

A meeting is an event at which the minutes are kept and hours are lost.


Where did they come from
Where Did They Come From? human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

Original Theory/Philosophy

Application of Original Theory

Model of Teaching


1947 an unusual year
1947…an unusual year human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

  • Rapid personal and social changes


Agrarian society industrialized society information society
Agrarian Society human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”Industrialized SocietyInformation Society


Transitions in lifestyle

Not too long ago… human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

Much family sharing

Extensive basic life training

More homogeneous values

Low level of information

Low technology

Many required tasks

Much family work

Extended families nearby

Few broken homes

Little anonymity

Present Norms

Little family sharing

Limited basic life training

More heterogeneous values

Huge surplus of info

High technology

Few required tasks

Little family work

Extended families far away

Many broken homes

General anonymity

Transitions in Lifestyle


1947 an unusual year1
1947…an unusual year human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

  • Rapid personal and social changes

  • Need for adaptive mechanism that serves both individual rehabilitation and social reconstruction


1947 an unusual year2
1947…an unusual year human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

  • Rapid personal and social changes

  • Need for adaptive mechanism that serves both individual rehabilitation and social reconstruction

  • The ability to live with ambiguity and change, to work interdependently, to be socially inventive…


Kurt lewin to ronald lippitt
Kurt Lewin to Ronald Lippitt human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

  • “The American cultural ideal of the self-made man, of everyone standing on his own feet, is as tragic a picture as the initiative-destroying dependence on a benevolent despot. We all need each other. This type of interdependence is the greatest challenge to the maturity of individual and group functioning.”


Albert einstein what i believe 1930
Albert Einstein human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”What I Believe (1930)

  • “A hundred times a dayI remind myself that my inner and outer lives are based on the labors of others – both living and dead – and that I must work to repay thesedebts.”


Growing out of a need
Growing out of a need… human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

  • …to deal with complex bureaucratic organizations which depersonalize human relations…

  • There is an “eclipse of community” and a sense of helpless isolation.

  • “The ability to live with ambiguity and change, to work interdependently, to be socially inventive, to meet social requirements – are all requirements for social membership.” (Leland Bradford, 1961)


Laboratory training
Laboratory Training… human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

“…an educational strategy which is based primarily on the experiences generated in the various social encounters by the learners themselves, and which aims to influence attitudes and develop competencies toward learning about human interaction.”

Schein and Bennis, Personal and Organizational Change Through Group Methods


National training laboratory training group t group encounter groups sensitivity training
National Training Laboratory human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”Training GroupT-GroupEncounter Groups“Sensitivity Training”


Teaching is the human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”creation of environmentsin which students’ cognitive and social structures can emerge and change


Learning
Learning…. human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

…is viewed as a transaction between the learner and the environment in which neither can be regarded as fixed…The target of education is “change and growth in the individual and his behavior.”

Bradford, Human Forces in Teaching and Learning


Field theory behavior is a function of person environment

Field Theory human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”Behavior is a Function ofPerson .......................Environment

B = f (P, E)

Kurt Lewin


Essentially
Essentially… human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

  • A kind of social vacuum is produced

  • Leadership, agenda, expectations…are blurred or missing

  • The group…not just a collection of individuals…possesses its own unique qualities…


Goals
Goals human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

  • Intrapersonal

  • Interpersonal

  • Group Dynamics

  • Self-Direction


Necessity psychological safety

Necessity… psychological safety human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”


Compass directions activities
Compass Directions human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”Activities


  • NORTH human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

  • Acting – “Let’s Do it!”

  • Likes to act, try things, plunge in

    • WEST EAST

    • Paying attention to detail -Speculating –

  • Likes to know who, what, Likes to look at the

  • when, where, why, before acting big picture, the possibilities, before acting

  • SOUTH

  • Caring –

  • Likes to know that everyone’s

  • feelings have been taken into

  • consideration, that their voices have

  • been heard, before acting


  • NORTH human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

  • Acting – “Let’s Do it!”

  • Likes to act, try things, plunge in

    • WEST EAST

    • Paying attention to detail -Speculating –

  • Likes to know who, what, Likes to look at the

  • when, where, why, before acting big picture, the possibilities, before acting

  • SOUTH

  • Caring –

  • Likes to know that everyone’s

  • feelings have been taken into

  • consideration, that their voices have

  • been heard, before acting


  • NORTH human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

  • Acting – “Let’s Do it!”

  • Likes to act, try things, plunge in

    • WEST EAST

    • Paying attention to detail -Speculating –

  • Likes to know who, what, Likes to look at the

  • when, where, why, before acting big picture, the possibilities, before acting

  • SOUTH

  • Caring –

  • Likes to know that everyone’s

  • feelings have been taken into

  • consideration, that their voices have

  • been heard, before acting


  • NORTH human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

  • Acting – “Let’s Do it!”

  • Likes to act, try things, plunge in

    • WEST EAST

    • Paying attention to detail -Speculating –

  • Likes to know who, what, Likes to look at the

  • when, where, why, before acting big picture, the possibilities, before acting

  • SOUTH

  • Caring –

  • Likes to know that everyone’s

  • feelings have been taken into

  • consideration, that their voices have

  • been heard, before acting


  • NORTH human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

  • Acting – “Let’s Do it!”

  • Likes to act, try things, plunge in

    • WEST EAST

    • Paying attention to detail -Speculating –

  • Likes to know who, what, Likes to look at the

  • when, where, why, before acting big picture, the possibilities, before acting

  • SOUTH

  • Caring –

  • Likes to know that everyone’s

  • feelings have been taken into

  • consideration, that their voices have

  • been heard, before acting


Compass questions
Compass Questions human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

  • What are the potential benefits associated with your “direction?”

  • What are the potential limitations associated with your “direction?”

  • With which other “direction(s)” do you have the most difficulty working as you start a group project? Why?

  • What do you want people in other “directions to know or understand about working with you?


Wilderness survival
Wilderness Survival human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”


Wilderness survival1
Wilderness Survival human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

Change

+1.2

0.5

+1.6

+0.75

+0.4

+1.0


Synergy

Synergy human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

To work together


Syntax of ntl model
Syntax of NTL Model human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

Dilemma


Syntax of ntl model1
Syntax of NTL Model human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

Dilemma

Invention


Syntax of ntl model2
Syntax of NTL Model human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

Dilemma

Invention

  • Feedback


Feedback
Feedback…. human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

…communicating to a person or a group about how his, her, or their behavior has affected us or other people.


Feedback is useful if
Feedback is useful if…. human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

  • It describes what a person is doing rather than placing a value on it

  • It is specific rather than general

  • It is directed toward behavior which the receiver can do something about

  • It is well-timed

  • It is asked for rather than imposed

  • It is checked to ensure clear communication


Syntax of ntl model3
Syntax of NTL Model human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

Dilemma

Invention

Feedback

Generalization


Syntax of ntl model4
Syntax of NTL Model human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

Dilemma

Invention

Feedback

after Blake and MoutonGeneralization


A focus on the here and now

A Focus on the Here and Now… human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”


Lost at sea
Lost at Sea human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”


Scoring lost at sea
Scoring Lost at Sea human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

Your Rating Correct Answer Difference

__5_ Sextant __8_ Sextant 3

__11_Shaving _5_Shaving 6

Mirror Mirror

__1__Water __1_Water 0

Sum of D1...15

Differences


Wilderness survival and lost at sea
Wilderness Survival and human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”Lost at Sea

Change

+1.2

0.5

+1.6

+0.75

+0.4

+1.0


Johari window
Johari Window human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

Known to Unknown to

Self Self

Known

to Others

Unknown

to Others


Johari window joe ingham harry luft
Johari Window human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”Joe Ingham & Harry Luft

Known to Unknown to

Self Self

Known

to Others

Unknown

to Others


Johari window1
Johari Window human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

Known to Unknown to

Self Self

Arena

Known

to Others

Unknown

to Others


Johari window2
Johari Window human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

Known to Unknown to

Self Self

Arena

Blindspot

Blindspot

Known

to Others

Unknown

to Others


Johari window3
Johari Window human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

Known to Unknown to

Self Self

Arena

Blindspot

Blindspot

Known

to Others

Unknown

to Others

Private


Johari window4
Johari Window human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

Known to Unknown to

Self Self

Arena

Blindspot

Blindspot

Known

to Others

Unknown

to Others

Unknown

Private


Meeting behaviors that we really despise
Meeting behaviors that we really despise… human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

  • Agnes

  • Beatrice

  • Clarence

  • Dora

  • Simon


Ntl syntax
NTL Syntax human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

Ability to cope

with change

Laboratory

Method

Model

Insight into Reason

for Interpersonal

Behavior

Skill in Negotiation,

Self-Expression

Acceptance of

Affective Nature

of Human Responses

Tolerance of

Diversity


The tribes program

The Tribes Program human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”


Three perspectives
Three Perspectives human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

  • Teachers have an extensive array of alternative approaches to use in teaching.

  • Methods make a difference in what is learned as well as how it is learned. The difference is probabilistic.

  • Students are a powerful part of the learning experience being created, and they react differently to any given teaching method.


Not everyone really is enamored with ntl

Not everyone really is enamored with NTL…. human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

For Example….

Check the websites…

Beginning in the ’40s, German psychologist, Kurt Lewin, developed “Sensitivity Training” or “T-groups” to show how people “could be socially and psychologically manipulated to give up their souls....”


But there is a history
But there is a history… human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

NTL

Group Investigation

Cooperative Learning


Next we deal with
Next we deal with… human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”

  • Group Investigation …and Cooperative Learning and…


John dewey 1859 1956
John Dewey (1859-1956) human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”


To be continued

To be continued… human race has not achieved its full potential, that would be the word ‘meeting’.”


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