How did WWI start?. Assassination: A leading cause of the great war was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary. Mutual defense alliances: -Russia and Serbia -Germany and Austria-Hungary -France and Russia -Britain and France and Belgium -Japan and Britain.
A leading cause of the great war was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary
Mutual defense alliances:
-Russia and Serbia
-Germany and Austria-Hungary
-France and Russia
-Britain and France and Belgium
-Japan and Britain
Much of the origin of the war was based on the desire of the Slavic peoples in Bosnia and Herzegovina to no longer be part of Austria-Hungary but instead be part of Serbia.
As the world entered the 20th century, an arms race had begun. By 1914, Germany had the greatest increase in military buildup. Great Britain and Germany both greatly increased their navies in this time period.
Before World War 1, Africa and parts of Asia were points of contention (argument) amongst the European countries. This was especially true because of the raw materials these areas could provide. The increasing competition and desire for greater empires led to an increase in confrontation that helped push the world into World War I.
1. Kelly Field in San Antonio – world’s largest flight training school
2. Camp Logan near Houston
3. other camps in Waco, Fort Worth, San
The 42 division of Texas was know as the “rainbow” division due to the diversity of the men. Organized in 1917 it was the first National Guard division to go overseas, it was composed of National Guard Units from 26 States, (Texas furnishing about 18,000 men). At first it was commanded by Major General John Greble but then given to Chief of Staff Major Douglas MacArthur. During training in the United States, they were trained in trench warfare, but mostly fought on the field. When the division landed in France they were not only short on equipment but also short in numbers and strength, having landed with fifteen hundred less men. During their 457 days of service, they had 264 days of combat operations and in total lost about 12,000 men
1. many got health and dental care for the first time.
2. many had never before traveled outside of Texas.
3. many received more education and specialized training.
2. buying war stamps
3. giving to the Red Cross
4. ration food supplies
1. cottonand wool = tents, uniforms
2. leather = boots
3. meat/grain = food supplies
4. petroleum industry = gas, lubricants for machinery
Farmers, ranchers went into debt to expand farms for wartime production.
-Deaths: 116,526 (U.S.)
-The Allied Powers (U.S., Britain, France, Italy, Japan) defeated the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire) after four long years of fighting (1914-1918).
-A League of Nations was formed to help prevent a future world war (which failed). The United Nations after WWII succeeded.
-Independent republics of Austria, Czechoslovakia, Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, and Turkey were formed.
-The Communist Bolsheviks took power in Russia in 1917 and formed the Soviet Union.
"The Americans who went to Europe to die are a unique breed.... (They) crossed the seas to a foreign land to fight for a cause which they did not pretend was peculiarly their own, which they knew was the cause of humanity and mankind. These Americans gave the greatest of all gifts, the gift of life and the gift of spirit."
- Woodrow Wilson President of the United States 1913 to 1921
1. electricity, phone service
2. refrigerators, electric appliances
3. washing machines, irons, vacuums