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The Quest for Empire. The Quest for Empire You will need your spiral, pen and map pencils for this activity. Map Study: European nations create empires in North America.

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The Quest for

Empire

The Quest for Empire

You will need your spiral, pen and map pencils for

this activity.

Map Study: European nations

create empires in North America


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Trace the outline of the map of the western Hemisphere on page___ in your spiral. Place the map along the top edge of your spiral.


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Trace the map of Europe on page _____ in your spiral. Place

the map along the top edge of your page.


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Print the labels as shown here .

Great Britain

France

Italy

Spain

Portugal


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Print labels as shown here

New France

(Canada)

English Colonies

New Spain

Present day

Brazil


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Henry wanted to find a water route to

India. The passage to India over land was

long, slow, and dangerous. A ship could carry

more goods to and from India than the largest

caravans, but Europeans could only guess that

sailors could circumnavigate, or go around,

Africa. Prince Henry helped unlock the secrets

of Africa. Henry set up a school for sailors to

learn the secrets of the ocean. He paid for

many sailing expeditions out of the Portuguese

treasury. Henry also employed cartographers

who created the most sophisticated maps of

their time. The maps made it possible for

sailors to learn from previous expeditions.

Circumnavigate- to sail around the world

Cartographers- map makers


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Portugal water route to


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Color Portugal orange water route to

Portugal

Goal: Control

sea trade with

Africa

Circled Africa in 1488


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Color Italy purple water route to

Draw a red line from Italy to Spain

Italy

Christopher Columbus goes to

Spain with plans to sail around the world


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Columbus was born in 1451, in Corsica and grew up water route to

in Genoa He was the oldest of five children.

As a child, he helped his father as a weaver. He always

liked the sea.. Genoa was an important seaport.

There is no doubt that as a child he caught rides on

ships. He had little schooling but was a genius with

the sea. His plan was not to prove

that the world was flat, but it was to find a shortcut to

the Spice Islands. He wanted to establish a city

there for trade, seaports, and much more.When he

grew into a man he was interested in sailing to Asia

by going west. First he went to the king of Italy and

presented his idea before him. Italy wasn't looking

or a way to Asia, they were still receiving riches from

their old trade routes.


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This panel depicts Queen Isabella listening attentively to Columbus's

explanation of his map, with King Ferdinand at her side. On April 17,

1492, the agreement to finance the voyage was signed.

Beside this panel are figures of Alonzo d’Ojeda, a Spanish adventurer

who accompanied Columbus to the New World, and Queen Isabella.


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Spain: Columbus's

Goals= 3 G’s

Gold

God

Glory

Columbus reaches America in 1492


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Aztec Empire Columbus's


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Nina Columbus's

Pinta

Santa

Maria

Cortez conquers Aztec

Empire, 1521

Cortez sails to Mexico, 1519

  • Spain’s Policy:

  • convert Indians

  • -make them Spanish citizens

  • -obtain wealth and power


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The King and Queen of Columbus's

Spain rewarded Columbus

by granting him a title of

nobility and giving him

permission to create a

coat of arms.

Columbus would make a

total of four voyages to

the New World and was

appointed governor

of the Spanish colony in

Hispanola. His leadership

was quite poor and he was

replaced.


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Disagreements soon arose between Spain and Columbus's

Portugal over who could claim newly discovered

lands for their empires.

Both nations were Catholic.

Both considered the Pope the final authority.

Popes had already decided questions of territorial

conflict between them.

The pope decided to draw a line of demarcation to separate the two

empires. The pope's line ran from the arctic pole to the Antarctic,

one-hundred leagues west of the Azores and Cape Verde

Islands. Anything to the west of that line belonged to Spain.Anything

to the east, belonged to Portugal. The exception was if any other

Christian king or power already held lands within

those areas by Christmas day, 1493.

Demarcation- dividing line


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Draw a purple line on your map as shown here. Columbus's

Line of Demarcation

Pope gives all land to the

east to Portugal and all

land to the west to Spain


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Francis Drake Columbus's


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Label map and add details as shown Columbus's

Great Britain

Goal: Find more

resources and

wealth

Cabot sails to North

America in 1497


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Great Britain’s Policy: Columbus's

- remove all Indians

- get resources ( trees)


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Verranzo Columbus's


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Label as shown Columbus's

Verranzano sailed to

North America in 1524

France::

Goals: Obtain wealth,

Make trade

agreements


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Cartier Columbus's


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In 1682, La Salle led an expedition that followed the Mississippi

To the Gulf. He claimed all land (including Texas ) for France.


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Label as shown Mississippi

France’s Policy:

Establish friendly trade with Indians

Trade for wealth (furs)

Cartier claimed land

for New France in 1534.

La Salle claimed more

Land in 1682


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