Jean rhys s wide sargasso sea
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Jean Rhys's Wide Sargasso Sea. Norton Critical Ediction. NY: Norton, 1999. Creole Identities, and Racial/Gender Relations between Antoinette & Rochester . Outline. Antoinette’s personality and the causes for it Antoinette’s personality

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Jean rhys s wide sargasso sea

Jean Rhys's Wide Sargasso Sea

Norton Critical Ediction. NY: Norton, 1999.

Creole Identities,

and Racial/Gender Relations between Antoinette & Rochester


Outline

Outline

  • Antoinette’s personality and the causes for it

    • Antoinette’s personality

    • Annette: a) The Creole Identities of Annette; b) Annette as a Woman; c) madness  Gender+Race

    • Antoinette: a) loss of mother; b) as a creole; 3) convent

  • The problems in Rochester and Antoinette’s marriage

    • Race & Gender & marriage

    • Good moments;

    • Causes: a) cultural difference; 2) R’s racial prejudice; 3) R’s self-centeredness; 4) the letter; 5) A’s sense of doom; 6) C’s role


Wss settings

WSS: Settings

  • Part I: (Martinique), Jamaica: Coulibri estate, near Spanish TownPart II: Granbois, Dominica,

    Part III: “Great House” England


Rhys on j ane eyre

Rhys on Jane Eyre

  • "The creole in Charlotte Bronte's novel is a lay figure -- repulsive which does not matter, and not once alive which does.  .  . . For me . .  . she must be right on stage.  She must be at least plausible with a past, the reason why Mr. Rochester treats her so abominably and feels justified, and the reason why he thinks she is mad andwhy of course she goes mad, even the reason why she tries to set everything on fire, and eventually succeeds.  . . " (Gregg 82; emphases added)


Central questions

Central Questions

  • How does Rhys characterize Antoinette? What are the causes for her personalities?

    • Mother-daughter relationship;

    • Her identity as a Creole and her childhood experience;

    • Convent education

  • How does she explain the problems between Antoinette and Rochester?

    • their socio-historical context—19th Century Victorian/Colonial world?  Race + Gender

    • Anything we can related to?


Background before and after the emancipation

Background: Before and after the Emancipation

Backgrounds on Race: I. white masters, New & Old:

  • Old Masters: death of Mr. Lutrell and Mr. Cosway

  • New masters after the Emancipation of slaves p. 15

  • [Mr. Mason – 19, 21]


Background 2 before and after the emancipation

Background (2): Before and after the Emancipation

Post-Emancipation Problems:

  • Recompensation,

  • Importation of contract laborers

  • Annette’s distrust of Christophine, Godfry, and Sass’ leaving p. 12

  • Riot: The presentation of the black mob p. 23, 25


Antoinette s personality 5 examples

Antoinette’s personality: 5 examples

  • Childhood: e.g. the horse p. 10; garden 13; 16

  • recurrent dreams pp. 15, 27, 36

  • Attempt to turn down the marriage p. 46;

  • the two rats & the moon p. 49

    • death impulse p. 54

      Insecure; in lack of a firm sense of identity; (lack of love, fear of others’ and society’s criticism, feeling excluded.)

       Fatalistic (fear of “madness” as a hereditary trait)  childhood as a creole woman


Creole women s positions annette

Creole Women’s Positions: Annette

Annette: 1) multiple alienations of the creole

—from the white people in the Spanish town (9; 17)—because she is Creole, from Martinique and poor;

-- from the blacks (“they”) because she is former slave-owner and poor: pp. 10, 11

-- both Annette and Antoinette—seen as “white cockroaches” (13)/”white nigger” (14)


Creole women s positions annette1

Creole Women’s Positions: Annette

Annette: -- 2) As a woman –

  • Cosway: a womanizer; calls Daniel’s mother “sly boots” p. 74; halfway house p.57

  • widowed

    Antoinette (solitary life)  Antoinette (planned and hoped) p. 10

    -- marooned & her son 11

    -- borrow a horse from the new Lutrelles gay and a good dancer

  • Mason does not understand the racial relationship (19, 21)


Creole women s positions annette2

Creole Women’s Positions: Annette

Annette: -- 3) as a creole woman

  • Why does she care so much about the parorot CoCo? 25

  • The climax in Part I: are the black people just a violent and insensible mob? (p. 26)

  • Antoinette’s account of what happened to Annette: 78; 80-81


Creole women s positions antoinette

Creole Women’s Positions: Antoinette

Antoinette: (1) loss of motherly love

  • Her love rejected by Annettep. 11; 13,

  • The mother cares more about Pierre 16;

  • Annette ashamed of her 15;

  • Being pushed away after her madness pp. 28-29

  • missing her mother in the convent 34;

  • The mother’s death 36


Creole women s positions antoinette1

Creole Women’s Positions: Antoinette

Antoinette: (2) Race Relations –

  • Christophine: helpful but fearful

    • like a substitute mother;

    • feared by Antoinette 18 -- Combination of Catholicism and voodoo

      (1. Antoinette’s seeking for help: p. 67, 68, 70

      2. Put in jail once and may still be. P. 86)


Creole women s positions antoinette2

Creole Women’s Positions: Antoinette

  • Antoinette and Tia –

    • friendship (13-14),

    • divided by racial differences (27)

  • The boy and the girl 29-30


Creole women s positions antoinette3

Creole Women’s Positions: Antoinette

Antoinette (3): Gender and the Convent

  • the second refuge in the convent p. 32; 33; 34


Creole women s positions antoinette annette

Creole Women’s Positions: Antoinette (& Annette)

  • Imagery: Garden

  • the biblical myth of the garden--(11)

  •  associated with snake and forest

  • Imagery: Mirror

  • Annette 10; p. Antoinette & Tia; the convent


Jean rhyss wide sargasso sea

Part II:

What causes the problems between Antoinette & Rochester?

Is Rochester completely to blame?


Sargasso sea race and gender

Sargasso Sea: Race and Gender

  • Why is the marriage between Rochester and Bertha unhappy?

  • Why is Bertha mad? Beast, madness in the family, driven mad, or not really mad?

    Man Women Man

    Women

    Obeah woman

Race

White – Creole --Black

Gender –

Marriage &

Inheritance system


Gender race relationships among the character

Gender/Race Relationships among the Character

Spanish Town

Whites p. 17

Mr. Cosway,

Father

E. Rochester

The Masons

Richard

Pierre

Daniel

Godfry

Sass

Myra

Aunt Cora

p. 18, 68-69

  • Antoinette

Annette

Christophine

Amelia


Good moments in their relationship

Good Moments in their relationship

  • Rochester’s sense of peace in nature P. 41

  • Arrival at Granbois p. 42;

  • The first night 49-50


Gender race relations women

Gender/Race Relations Women

Unequal Relationships in Marriage

  • (about Mason’s marriage: p. 17)

  • Gender: Rochester’s Marriage and Inheritance: p. 41; 69

  • “Dear Father” letters p. 39;

    But there are other factors . . .


What causes the problems between antoinette rochester

What causes the problems between Antoinette & Rochester

  • 1. (Race) Cultural differences

    A. her limited understanding of the world --

    -- p. 42 “Oh England, England,” 66-67

    -- p. 47 her “Paris”; ”Is it true,' she said, `that England is like a dream?”

    B. his illness and discomfort: p. 40, 41, blanks in his mind 45; p. 55 insecure


Part ii causes for the conflicts between rochester and antoinette

Part II: Causes for the conflicts between Rochester and Antoinette:

2. (Race) Rochester’s prejudice and racial superiority p. 39; p. 43

 Rochester’s connection with the priest

  • the priest's ruined house--Pere Lilievre--Pere Labat pp. 62-63; 83

    3. Gender: Rochester's self-centeredness, possessiveness and pretentiousness

  • Agreed to everything 39; “not yet”;

  • not love her; perform and hide things p. 45, 61

  • P. 55 watch her die many times

  • Turning Antoinette into Bertha pp. 68, 81


Part ii causes for the conflicts between rochester and antoinette 2

Part II: Causes for the conflicts between Rochester and Antoinette (2)

4. Race+ Gender: the letter from Daniel

Rochester's suspicion of Antoinette’s madness (pp. 56 - )

  • 5. Race+ Gender: Antoinette's temperament--sense of doom and insecurity

  • (6. Race+ Gender: 7. Antoinette’s seeking for help from Christophine)


For next time the turning point

For next time: The Turning Point

  • Are Christophine’s suggestions practical? pp. 65 -; What stops her from being helpful?

  • Would their marriage have been saved without the voodoo?


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