The melting pot vs the salad bowl
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The “Melting Pot” vs. the “Salad Bowl”. People who “want to live in more diverse communities”. More Conservative Republicans: 32% Republicans: 35% Independents: 57% Democrats: 58% More Liberal Dems: 65% College Grads: 62% HS Grads: 46%

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The “Melting Pot” vs. the “Salad Bowl”

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The “Melting Pot” vs. the “Salad Bowl”


People who “want to live in more diverse communities”

More Conservative

Republicans: 32%

Republicans: 35%

Independents: 57%

Democrats: 58%

More Liberal Dems: 65%

College Grads: 62%

HS Grads: 46%

Data: Pew Research Center (2009)

White: 50%

Black: 59%

Hispanic: 46%

Attend Wkly Serv: 44%

Seldom Attnd. Serv: 55%

Under 65: 53%

Over 65: 41%


People who want to live with “many immigrants”

More Conserv. Repub: 14%

Republicans: 16%

Independents: 24%

Democrats: 32%

More Liberal Dems: 44%

City: 33%

Suburb: 26%

Rural: 12%

Data: Pew Research Center (2009)

White:20%

Black:29%

Hispanic:40%

Midwest:15%

South:23%

East:27%

West:33%

18-29:36%

Over 65:12%


People who prefer to live in a community “made up mainly of people of their same racial ancestry”

Republicans: 32%

Democrats: 15%

18-29: 15%

30-49: 17%

50-64: 22%

65+ : 33%

Data: Pew Research Center (2009)

White:23%

Black: 9%

Hispanic:21%

Midwest:26%

South:20%

East:17%

West:17%


MULTICULTURALISM:

Cultural groups maintain much of their distinctness

A society in which there is one culture composed of overlapping sub-cultures

Cultural differences are not discouraged


PROBLEMS WITH MULTICULTURALISM

By “embracing” differences we can “encourage” overemphasizing them

-- this invariably leads to a fracturing of the social fabric

It slows the assimilation process and leads new migrants and cultural groups into isolation


BENEFITS OF MULTICULTURALISM

Leads to more dynamic societal transformation

Empowers people/groups who have historically been marginalized


WHY IS CONTINUED “MULTICULTURALISM” INEVITABLE?

FIVE REASONS


1. THE U.S. IS THE WORLD’S MOST “MULTICULTURAL” NATION

United States is a “Creole land”

We are currently the most diverse country in the world

ancestry & culture


SOC 119 – Fall 20091. I identify myself as:

  • White-European – 68.2%

  • Black-African American – 11%

  • Asian-Indian Asia – 8.1%

  • Native American-American Indian – 0.3 %

  • Hispanic – 6.6%

  • Middle Eastern – 1.0%

  • Ethno racially Mixed – 4.8%


2. GLOBALISM IS UPON US

We will always have to interact with “foreign” peoples & cultures

We cannot “afford” to be xenophobic


Here’s what happens every 24/7, 365 around the globe


Rap music in 30 languages


3. NON-EUROPEAN IMMIGRATION IS RISING

2050: White - 52.8%2050: P of C - 47.2%

* Based on 2005 U.S. Census projections


SOC 119 – Fall 20099. How familiar are you with a language (besides English) that is native to one or some of your ancestors?

  • I am fluent – 13.5%

  • I am somewhat familiar – 20.0%

  • I cannot speak but understand – 8.0%

  • I cannot speak or understand, but others in my home speak a language besides English – 5.0%

  • I speak only English – 53.5%


SOC 119 – Fall 2009 12. If I entered a small grocery store and the clerk spoke none of the languages that I speak, I would:

  • Feel very uncomfortable – 9.7%

  • Feel somewhat uncomfortable, but I would find it interesting. – 23.1%

  • Feel comfortable but I probably would not try to communicate with the person, aside from paying for my groceries. – 48.4%

  • Feel intrigued and probably try to communicate in some way with the person (e.g., ask them how to say “hello” in their language). – 18.8%


4. ASSIMILATION WILL NEVER FULLY OCCUR:

Assimilation: the process by which a person adopts the culture of another group and abandons his/her own

* In the U.S., this is called "Anglo conformity“ (i.e., people adopt what is seen as “white culture”)


SOC 119 – Fall 2009 20. What percentage of the people who attend your “place of worship” (e.g., church, synagogue, mosque) are of your race?

  • Over 90% - 48.0%

  • Between 80-90% - 17.0%

  • Between 30-70% - 5.7%

  • Less than 30% - 5.5%

  • I don’t attend a place of worship – 23.8%


SOC 119 – Fall 2009 11. Have you ever “shared saliva” with someone of different race?

  • Yes – 35.8%

  • No – 47.5%

  • Yes…and I’ve shared considerably more than just saliva. – 16.7%


SOC 119 – Fall 2009 6. How often have you gotten high or drunk with someone of a different race? (The emphasis is on “with” here and not someone who happened to be standing next to you at some party and offered you a beer.)

  • I never get high or drunk – 12.7%

  • I never have…yet – 6.0%

  • Once or twice in my life – 26.9%

  • I regularly get high/drunk with people of different races – 38.8%

  • Too often to count – 15.6%


SOC 119 – Fall 2009 4. How often have you shared a meal in the home of someone of a different race.

  • Never – 9.3%

  • 1-3 times – 33.4%

  • 4-8 times – 14.9%

  • On numerous occasions – 42.4%


These are roughly the same rates as 90-130 years ago when European immigration peaked.


OBSTACLES TO ASSIMILATION:

Dominant groups often demand assimilation and integration in theory only

Migrating groups struggle to let go of their ties to their homelands

  • Psychological

  • Sociological


SOC 119 – Fall 2009 7. If I fell in love with someone of ANY OTHER different race than my own, my parents or guardians would be cool with it.

  • Strongly Agree – 25.6%

  • Agree – 31.6%

  • Neutral – 22.0%

  • Disagree – 13.7%

  • Strongly Disagree – 7.1%


SOC 119 – Fall 2009 19. I would like to live in a neighborhood that was comprised of the following racial mixture:

Nearly 100% white – 13.8%

Nearly 100% people of color – 1.1%

75% white & 25% people of color – 40.7%

50% white & 50% people of color – 37.6%

25% white and 75% people of color – 6.8%


5. AMALGAMATION WILL ALWAYS BE IN PROCESS

Amalgamation occurs when two or more groups combine to form a totally new group. In the U.S. this is the "melting pot" idea.

vs. Integration


SOC 119 – Fall 2009 2. If I had the opportunity of eating food that was familiar to me or eating food of another cultural that I’ve never tried before, I would eat the unfamiliar food.

  • Strongly Agree – 15.3%

  • Agree – 31.7%

  • Neutral – 22.0%

  • Disagree – 25.0%

  • Strongly Disagree – 6.0%


SOC 119 – Fall 2009 3. I am open to marriage (or lifetime commitment) with someone from another racial ancestry group.

  • Strongly Agree – 35.9%

  • Agree – 36.8%

  • Neutral – 16.5%

  • Disagree – 8.6%

  • Strongly Disagree – 2.2%


OBSTACLE TO AMALGAMATION :

Amalgamation eventually gets derailed

* Groups in power they generally end up demanding assimilation


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