Geospatial initiatives how they fit together
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Geospatial Initiatives: How They Fit Together. October 23, 2002. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey. Base Geographic Information – the Common Goal. Circular A-16. E-Government. N S D I. GeoSpatial One Stop. The National Map. National Spatial Data Infrastructure.

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Geospatial Initiatives: How They Fit Together

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Geospatial Initiatives: How They Fit Together

October 23, 2002

U.S. Department of the Interior

U.S. Geological Survey

Base Geographic Information – the Common Goal

Circular A-16



GeoSpatial One Stop

The National Map

National Spatial Data Infrastructure

  • The vision of the NSDI:

  • To assure that spatial data from multiple sources (Federal, State, and local governments, academia, and the private sector) are widely available and easily integrated to enhance knowledge and understanding of our physical and cultural world.

NSDI Components

  • Framework Data

  • Standards

    • Metadata

  • Clearinghouse

  • Partnerships

Circular A-16

  • Describes the effective and economical use and management of spatial data assets in the digital environment for the benefit of the government and the nation.

  • Affirms and describes the NSDI as the technology, policies, standards, human resources, and related activities necessary to acquire, process, distribute, use, maintain, and preserve spatial data.

Circular A-16

  • Describes the management and reporting and reporting requirements of Federal agencies in the acquisition, maintenance, distribution, use and preservation of spatial data by the Federal Government.

  • Establishes the FGDC as the interagency coordinating body for NSDI-related activities.

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)

  • A US Federal Interagency committee responsible for facilitating geospatial related activities and implementation of the NSDI across the Federal government

    • 18 Federal agencies are members

  • Cooperate and coordinate with organizations from state, local and tribal governments, the academic community, and the private sector.

FGDC Responsibilities

  • Plan for nationwide population of geospatial data themes

  • Facilitate and coordinate standards, metadata, and data clearinghouse efforts

  • Develop partnership programs with States, Tribes, academia, the private sector, other Federal agencies, and localities that meet the needs of users

  • Address human and financial resource needs


  • Process (and the plan) gives geospatial entities within the state credibility within executive and legislatives branches

  • Helps in the budget or legislative process

    • In Louisiana $472,000 from the state Technology Innovation Fund for LouisianaMap and I-Team administration

  • 35 States and DC have begun activities

  • Six I-Plans version 1.0 or better - MD, NJ, UT, IN, MT and AR, and three - TX, ME, and DC comprehensive strategic plans submitted

Why I-Teams?

  • Highlights the role of spatial data as strategic assets

  • Holds the promise of financial benefits through resource alignment, coordination, and leveraging with Federal programs

  • Mechanism to document planned data collection

  • Provides path to offer local and state input in the development of intergovernmental mechanisms needed to implement The National Map, protect America's cities (HSIP-133 cities) and implement the NSDI

President’s Management AgendaE-Government

Expected Results:

  • Provide high quality customer service

  • Reduce the expense and difficulty of doing business with the government

  • Cut government operating costs

  • Provide citizens with readier access to government services

  • Increase access for persons with disabilities to agency web sites, and

  • Make government more transparent and accountable

What is Geospatial One Stop?

  • E-Government (E-Gov) Initiative

    • Component of President Bush’s Management Agenda

    • One of 24 E-Government initiatives

    • Part of the Government to Government Portfolio

    • Department of Interior serves as the Managing Partner

  • Vision: the geographic component for E-Gov

  • Accelerate implementation of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI)

Geospatial One Stop Project Office

  • Executive Director in place in November,2002

    • Acting Executive Director (Myra Bambacus, NASA)

  • Outreach Coordinator

  • Contract Support

    • Project Support

    • Facilitators

    • Data Modeling

    • Requirements Analysis

  • FGDC Staff support

Non Federal

Nat’l Assoc of Counties

Nat’l Assoc of State CIO

Intertribal GIS Council

Nat’l League of Cities

Internat’l City Managers Assoc

Nat’l States Geog Info Council

Western Governors Assoc


Dept of Interior

Dept of Transportation

Dept of Commerce

Nat’l Aeronautics and Space Administration

Geospatial One Stop Board of DirectorsAdvises Managing Partner

Strong State and Local Input

GeoSpatial One Stop Tasks

  • Establish integrated Framework Data Content Standards

  • Use metadata to inventory, document and publish Framework data holding in NSDI Clearinghouse

  • Publish metadata for planned data acquisition and update for Framework data

  • Prototype and deploy enhanced data access and web mapping services for Federal Framework data

  • Establish a Federal Portal as a logical extension to the NSDI Clearinghouse Network

Task 1Framework Standards Development

  • Focus on Framework data themes

    • Geodetic Control (National Geodetic Survey)

    • Elevation (US Geological Survey)

    • OrthoImagery (US Geological Survey)

    • Hydrography (US Geological Survey)

    • Government Units (Census)

    • Cadastral (Bureau of Land Management)

    • Transportation (Dept. of Transportation)

      • Sub-themes: Roads, Rail, Transit, Air

  • Draft standards by 12/31/02, final by 9/30/03

ANSI Standards Process

  • ANSI INCITS L1 Subcommittee

    • Open participation for all sectors

    • National Standard, not Federal Standard

    • Benefit from INCITS standards expertise

  • To participate sign up via

  • Integrated Framework Data Content Standards

    • UML

    • XML (GML) encoding

  • OGC prototyping (CIPI)

  • ANSI Standards become basis of Geospatial Web Services

GeoSpatial One Stop Tasks

Task 2: - Inventory

Use metadata to inventory, document and publish Framework data holding in NSDI Clearinghouse

Task 3: - Document Planned Data Acquistion

Publish metadata for planned data acquisition and update for Framework data

Task 4: - Web Mapping Services

Prototype and deploy enhanced data access and web mapping services for Federal Framework data

Data services: Past Future

GeoSpatial One Stop Tasks

Task 5: - Portal

Establish a Federal Portal as a logical extension to the NSDI Clearinghouse Network

Web Browser (Thin Client)

GIS Software, DSS (Thick Client)

@ users

Geospatial One-Stop Portal



@ portalhost site







Geospatial Web Services

@ providerorganizations






Geospatial One-Stop Portal

Geospatial One Stop Goal

  • Content and encoding requirements are simple yet useful enough that many providers adopt and serve compliant Framework data

  • Users are able to discover and use maps or data served and maintained by a reliable custodian

  • The format and structure of the information for a given theme from all providers can appear the same to all customers

  • Geospatial One Stop Web portal provides access to standardized distributed data services

The National Map Vision

  • Aseamless, continually maintained, nationally consistentset of basic geographic data

  • Partnerships for data stewardship

  • Re-link topographic maps with base geographic data

  • Underpin Federal activities, and those of other public and private organizations

  • Supportintegrating, sharing, and usingspatial dataeasilyandconsistently

The National Map: Characteristics

  • Current – continuous revision

  • Seamless – no arbitrary edges

  • Complete and consistently classified – built on the best available data

  • Variable resolution – accommodate local conditions

  • Integrated within and between themes of data – positional and logical consistency

  • Geographic – no cartographic generalizations

  • Temporal record – versioning and transactional updates

  • Metadata – data set and feature level

The National Map: Data Content

  • Orthorectified imagery

  • Land cover

  • Elevation

  • Vector layers:

    • Transportation

    • Hydrography

    • Structures

    • Boundaries

  • Geographic names

Geospatial OneStop and The National Map

GeoSpatial One Stop


Elevation & bathymetry



Government units




Land cover

Geog. names

The National Map

The National Map: Operations and Access

  • Build initial version from best available data

  • Work with State and local governments, as well as Federal agencies, to keep data current

  • Based on networked, distributed collection of databases

  • Around-the-clock Internet access

  • Available in the public domain

  • Respond to requests for paper topographic maps and digital data

The National Map: User Options










Land cover

The National Map: Partners’ Roles

  • Federal:identify needs and collaborate on data (NIMA, NOAA, Census, FEMA, …)

  • State, Regional, and Local:coordinate consortia, identify changes and provide updates, and collaborate on data

  • Private Industry:provide tools, open standards, and data; conduct research

  • Academia:provide training and conduct research

  • USGS:catalyst, collaborator, integrator, producer when needed, archive, guarantor

Fiscal Year 2002 Pilot Projects



Lake Tahoe






US Landsat

Texas Pilot Project

  • Integration of local datasets

  • Maintenance partnerships

  • USGS Mapping Partnership Office


Delaware Pilot Project

  • A partnership between:


Delaware State GIS Committee

Delaware Geological Survey

University of Delaware

  • Interactive

  • On-line at

The National Map

Current, complete, consistent base geographic data on the Web to meet national needs

  • Orthorectified imagery

  • Land cover

  • Elevation

  • Vector layers:

    • Transportation

    • Hydrography

    • Structures

    • Boundaries

  • Geographic names

Initiatives at a Glance

How it all Fits Together

  • Producers -stewards of America’s data assets

  • NSDI - theinfrastructure

  • Geospatial One-Stop - aPresidential initiativeto accelerate completion of the infrastructure

  • I-Teams - aprocessto produce and steward data

  • The National Map, Census Modernization, FEMA NFIP, 133 Cities - Federal programs using I-Teams & other partnerships to produceproductsto fulfill essential national missions

  • Theproductsare available through and become part of theinfrastructure.


  • Contact:

    • Hedy Rossmeissl, Senior Advisor

      Geographic Information Office

    • E-mail: [email protected]

    • Phone: 703-648-5577

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