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THE CREATIVE COUNSELLOR: INTEGRATING THE EXPRESSIVE ARTS INTO YOUR THERAPEUTIC PRACTICE By Jannah Tudiver, MA, CCC, LPC & Catherine Fawcett, MA, MSW, RSW. INTRODUCTIONS & WARM-UP ACTIVITY. WHY USE THE EXPRESSIVE ARTS IN YOUR PRACTICE? New tool for your “toolkit” Address client issues

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THE CREATIVE COUNSELLOR:

INTEGRATING THE EXPRESSIVE ARTS INTO YOUR THERAPEUTIC PRACTICE

By Jannah Tudiver, MA, CCC, LPC

& Catherine Fawcett, MA, MSW, RSW


INTRODUCTIONS

& WARM-UP ACTIVITY


WHY USE THE EXPRESSIVE ARTS IN YOUR PRACTICE?

  • New tool for your “toolkit”

  • Address client issues

  • Well suited to brief therapy

  • Stay inspired & avoid burnout

  • Practice self-care


CREATIVE EXPRESSION

& MENTAL HEALTH

1800’s to the 1900’s:

  • Arts as adjunct to medicine & psychiatry

  • “Moral therapy” for mental illness


1920’s:

  • Joseph Moreno: psychodrama

  • Florence Goodenough: art assessment for cognitive development

  • Margaret Lowenfield: foundations of play therapy & sandtray therapy


1930’s and 1940’s:

  • Expressive therapies more well known

  • Self-expression as “alternative” to talk therapy

  • Major psychiatric hospitals include arts in treatment


1950’s ONWARDS…

(abridged version)

  • Professional associations & standards developed

  • Expressive therapies integrated into medical, mental health, & rehabilitative settings


WHAT ARE THE “EXPRESSIVE THERAPIES”?

“The use of art, music, dance/movement, drama, poetry/creative writing, play, and sandtray within the context of psychotherapy, counseling, rehabilitation, or health care”

– Cathy Malchiodi, 2005


TYPES OF EXPRESSIVE THERAPIES:

  • Art Therapy

  • Music Therapy

  • Drama Therapy

  • Dance/Movement Therapy

  • Poetry Therapy

  • Play Therapy

  • Sandtray Therapy

  • **Expressive Arts Therapy

    Each discipline has its own association, qualifications, & professional standards


COMMON THEMES AMONG EXPRESSIVE THERAPIES:

  • Sensory-based

  • Creativity

  • Aesthetic focus

  • Action-based/body-based


WHAT IS “EXPRESSIVE ARTS THERAPY”?

  • Arts-based psychotherapy

  • Interdisciplinary

  • Integrates the arts eg. imagery, dance, music, drama, poetry, movement, & visual arts

  • Goal: wellness & healing


BACKGROUND OF EXPRESSIVE ARTS THERAPY:

  • Newest arts-based therapy

  • Began in 1970’s at Lesley College Graduate School


ALTERNATE NAMES FOR EXPRESSIVE ARTS THERAPY:

  • “Expressive Therapy”

  • “Integrative Arts Therapy”

  • “Intermodal Expressive Therapy”

  • “Multimodal Expressive Therapy”

    “A rose by any other name would smell as sweet…”


GUIDING PRINCIPLES OF EXPRESSIVE ARTS THERAPY:

  • Reclaims our innate capacity for creative expression

  • Creative expression is a healing, ‘growth producing’ process

  • Therapeutic transformation possible through expression


GUIDING PRINCIPLES OF EXPRESSIVE ARTS THERAPY:

  • The arts are for everyone

  • Low skill/high sensitivity

  • Depth-oriented

  • “Layering” of modalities


KEY THEORISTS IN EXPRESSIVE ARTS THERAPY:

Natalie Rogers: “creative connection”; person-centered

Shaun McNiff: “therapy of the imagination”; “art as medicine”

Paulo Knill: arts are “within each other”; “de-centering process”


APPALACHIAN STATE’S PERSPECTIVE:

  • Natural world as model for creative process

  • Reclaiming ancient integration of arts & life & healing

  • Dream-work emphasis

  • The ‘person of the therapist’


ASSOCIATION & REGISTRATION

  • International Expressive Arts Therapy Association (IEATA), 1994

    • Registered Expressive Arts Therapist (REAT) & Registered Expressive Arts Consultant/ Educator (REACE)

  • Additional Resources:

    • Creative Arts in Counselling Chapter, CCPA

    • See Resource List


WHAT POPULATIONS WILL THIS WORK WITH?

The expressive arts are used with a variety of populations & presenting issues including:

  • Psychiatric disorders

  • Developmental disorders

  • Cognitive disabilities

  • Issues including: addiction, trauma, grief, anxiety, & depression


EXPRESSIVE ARTS ARE UTILIZED WITH:

  • Clients of all ages

  • Clients with diverse backgrounds

  • Individuals & families

  • Groups

  • Outreach programs

    Expressive Arts Therapy is practiced & taught in many countries eg. Peru, Israel & Switzerland


WHO USES EXPRESSIVE THERAPIES?

Approximately 30,000 practitioners in the U.S. are formally trained in therapeutic use of the arts

Arts-based interventions have been integrated into fields such as medicine, social work, counselling, psychiatry & psychology


CURRENT RESEARCH

Recent research topics on the therapeutic use of expressive arts include:

  • Creative writing in prevention & psychotherapy

  • Music therapy in hospice & palliative care

  • Creative therapies in treatment for PTSD

  • Dance therapy for women survivors of sexual abuse

  • Increasing counsellor empathy through theatre exercises

  • Guided imagery & relaxation for women in early stage breast cancer

  • Promoting positive mental health through art therapy

  • The use of the arts in grief & loss




RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PRACTICE: THERAPEUTIC PRACTICE…

  • Try the activity 1st yourself

  • Focus on process over product

  • Respond to art with process comments; avoid likes & dislikes

  • Counter negative statements eg “I can’t do art”

  • Explore when to participate versus when to be a witness

  • Create openings & closings


FURTHER THERAPEUTIC PRACTICE…

RESOURCES


QUESTIONS? THERAPEUTIC PRACTICE…

COMMENTS?


Thank you
THANK YOU! THERAPEUTIC PRACTICE…

Our Contact Information:

Jannah Tudiver: [email protected]

Catherine Fawcett: [email protected]


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