Human papilloma virus
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Human Papilloma Virus. Amy Baker. Disease Facts. sexually transmitted disease affecting 80% of Americans Often will show no symptoms The virus is responsible for cervical cancer in women

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Presentation Transcript

Disease facts
Disease Facts

  • sexually transmitted disease affecting 80% of Americans

  • Often will show no symptoms

  • The virus is responsible for cervical cancer in women

  • Cervical cancer is the third most common cause of cancer overall and the leading cause of cancer related deaths in women


How to detect hpv
How to detect HPV?

  • A pap smear can be used as an effective test for HPV in women

  • virus typing is done when an abnormal pap is detected to determine which of the 40 types of HPV is present

  • HPV-16, HPV-18, HPV-31, HPV-35, HPV-39, HPV-45, HPV-51, HPV-52, and HPV-58 are the “high risk” or precancerous strains


The vaccine
The Vaccine

  • and this vaccine protects

    against 4 of the most

    prevalent serotypes:

    HPV 16 and 18,

    and HPV 6 and 11

  • two strains of HPV protected against are implicated in over 70% of cervical cancers


The vaccine1
The Vaccine

  • second two types are implicated in 90% of all genital warts

  • vaccine is suggested for girls between the ages of 9 and 26

  • administered as 3 injections over 6 months

  • most effective when given before a woman becomes sexually active

  • current price of the vaccine is $120 for each injection


Requiring the vaccine
Requiring the Vaccine

  • school aged children are required to obtain numerous vaccines: Diptheria, Pertussis, Influenza, Measles, Mumps, and Rubella, and Polio

  • Gardasil, a 75% effective vaccine, when administered to approximately 2 million adolescent girls could prevent 224,000 HPV infections

  • Pockets of unvaccinated populations could harbor the disease and prevent eradication


Opposition to requiring the vaccine
Opposition to Requiring the Vaccine

  • The main opposition to the vaccine was by religious and conservative groups

  • Some felt this gave young women “the license to engage in premarital sex”National Cervical Cancer Coalition

  • Some “wished for fornicators to be punished with STDs and even cancer”

    New scientist


Conclusion
Conclusion

  • Cervical cancer causes approximately one percent of all cancer deaths in America

  • Human papilloma virus is indicated in 70% of the cervical cancers detected each year

  • This vaccine could possibly eradicate a cancer causing virus and diminish overall health care cost

  • Should ideology and a sense of personal virtue stand in the way of protecting children from a possible fatal disease later in life?


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