Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan@tcd ie
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 51

Tutorial for module BY1101 Cell biology revision: MCQ Joe Colgan ([email protected]) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 72 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology . BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology . Tutorial for module BY1101 Cell biology revision: MCQ Joe Colgan ([email protected]). BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology . BY1101: Cell biology MCQ.

Download Presentation

Tutorial for module BY1101 Cell biology revision: MCQ Joe Colgan ([email protected])

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan@tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Tutorial for module BY1101Cell biology revision: MCQJoe Colgan ([email protected])


By1101 cell biology mcq

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

BY1101: Cell biology MCQ

  • Multiple choice questions

  • 30 questions(Slide will change every minute)

  • Self assessment


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 1 What is the process by which monomers are linked together to form polymers?

Hydrolysis

Monomerization

Protein formation

Dehydration reactions

Coiling


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 2 In a hydrolysis reaction, ______, and in this process water is _______.

Monomers are assembled to produce a polymer........produced

A monomer is broken up into its constituent polymers.......produced

Monomers are assembled to produce a polymer........consumed

A polymer is broken up into its constituent monomers.....produced

A polymer is broken up into its constituent monomers.....consumed


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 3 The type of bond that forms to join monomers (such as sugars and amino acids) into polymers (such as starch and proteins) is a(n) _______ bond.

Van der Waals

Hydrogen

Covalent

Ionic

Peptide


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 4 Which of the following is not a true polymer?

Nucleic acids

Proteins

Lipids

Carbohydrates

None of the above


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 5 Protein molecules are polymers (chains) of _______.

DNA molecules

Amino acid molecules

Fatty acid molecules

Purines and pyrimidines

Sucrose molecules


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 6 The peptide bond is _______.

A covalent bond joining simple sugars together to form a polypeptide

A covalent bond joining nucleotides together to form a nucleic acid

A hydrogen bond joining nucleotides together to form a nucleic acid

A hydrogen bond joining amino acids together to form a polypeptide

A covalent bond joining amino acids together to form a polypeptide


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 7 The alpha helix and beta pleated sheets represent which level of protein structure:

Primary structure

Tertiary structure

Secondary structure

Pentiary structure

Quaternary structure


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 8 The “primary structure” of a protein refers to ________.

The alpha helix or beta pleated sheets

The weak aggregation of two or more polypeptide chains into one functional macromolecule

Coiling due to hydrogen bonding between amino acids

Interactions among the side chains or R groups of the amino acids

The sequence of amino acids


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 9 The overall three dimensional shape of a single polypeptide is called ________.

Tertiary structure

Primary structure

Double helix

Quaternary structure

Secondary structure


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 10 A nucleotide is made up of which of the following chemical components?

A nitrogenous base, a fatty acid, and an amino acid

A nitrogenous base, an amino acid, and a phosphate group

A series of nitrogenous bases, a nucleic acid backbone, and a hexose sugar

A nitrogenous base, an amino acid, and a pentose sugar

A nitrogenous base, a phosphate group, and a pentose sugar


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 11 Which of the following describes a difference between DNA and RNA?

RNA molecules consist of a single polynucleotide chain, whereas DNA molecules consist of two polynucleotide chains organised into a double helix

One of their nitrogenous bases is different

They contain different sugars

The first and second listed responses are correct differences

The first three listed responses all describe differences


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 12 On the basis of the principle of complementary base pairing, you would expect the percentage of ______ to be equal to the percentage of ________.

Adenine...........guanine

Adenine...........cytosine

Thymine..........guanine

Adenine...........thymine

Thymine..........cytosine


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 13 Which of the following is the simplest collection of matter that can live?

Tissue

Cell

Organ

Molecules

None of the listed responses are correct


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 14 Bacterial cells are prokaryotic. Unlike a typical eukaryotic cell they ______.

Have no membrane-bounded organelles in their cytoplasm

Lack a plasma membrane

Have a smaller nucleus

Have no ribosomes

Lack chromosomes


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 15 Which of the following structures is found in eukaryotic but not prokaryotic cells?

Mitochondria

Ribosomes

DNA

Cytosol

Plasma membrane


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 16 What compartment of the cell is referred to as the “brain of the cell”?

Ribosomes

Nucleus

Mitochondria

Rough endoplasmic reticulum

Golgi apparatus


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 17 What is the functional connection between the nucleolus, nuclear pores, and the nuclear envelope?

The nucleolus contains messenger RNA (mRNA), which crosses the nuclear envelope through the nuclear pores

Subunits of ribosomes are assembled in the nucleolus and pass through the nuclear membrane via the nuclear pores

The nuclear pores are connections between the nuclear membrane and the endoplasmic reticulum that permit ribosomes to assemble on the surface of the ER

Endoplasmic reticulum membrane is produced in the nucleolus and leaves the nucleus through the nuclear pores

None of the listed responses are correct


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 18 What component of the cell is involved in assembly of the ribosomal subunits?

Ribosome

Chromatin

Nuclear membrane

Nucleolus

Nuclear pores


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 19 Which of the following categories best describes the function of the rough endoplasmic reticulum?

Manufacturing

Energy processing

Structural support of cells

Information storage

Breakdown of complex foods


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 20 The sorting and packaging centre of the cell refers to what cellular component?

Golgi apparatus

Lysosome

Nucleus

Rough endoplasmic reticulum

Mitochondria


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 21 A substance moving from outside the cell into the cytoplasm must pass through _________.

The endomembrane system

A microtubule

The nucleus

A ribosome

The plasma membrane


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 22 Which of the following is/are possible site(s) of protein synthesis in a typical eukaryotic cell?

The cytoplasm

The rough endoplasmic reticulum

In mitochondria

The first two answers are correct

The first three answers are correct


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 23 Which of the following statements about chloroplasts and mitochondria is true?

Chloroplasts and mitochondria synthesize some of their own proteins

Chloroplasts and mitochondria are components of the endomembrane system

Mitochondria but not chloroplasts contain a small amount of DNA

Chloroplasts and mitochondria have three sets of membranes

Chloroplasts but not mitochondria are completely independent of the cell of which they are part


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 24 Which of the following structure is found in animal cells but NOT plant cells?

Plasma membrane

Golgi apparatus

Mitochondria

Centrioles

Rough endoplasmic reticulum


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 25 Detoxification is a characteristic function of what type of organelle?

Mitochondria

Golgi apparatus

Nucleus

Peroxisome

Rough endoplasmic reticulum


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 26 Which of the following cell structures exhibits selective permeability between a cell and its external environment?

The plasma membrane

Mitochondria

Lysosomes

Endoplasmic reticulum

Chloroplasts


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 27 Which of the following statements about diffusion is true?

It is a passive process

It occurs when molecules move from a region of lower concentration to a region of higher concentration

It always requires integral proteins of the cell membrane

It is very rapid over long distances

It requires expenditure of energy by the cell


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 28 Which of these statements describes some aspects of facilitated diffusion?

There is only one kind of protein pore for facilitated diffusion

Facilitated diffusion is another name for osmosis.

Facilitated diffusion of solutes may occur through channel or transport proteins in the membrane

Facilitated diffusion requires energy to drive a concentration gradient

Facilitated diffusion of solutes occurs through phospholipid pores in the membrane


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 29 Which of the following is a correct difference between active transport and facilitated diffusion?

Active transport can move solutes in either direction across a membrane, but facilitated diffusion can only move in one direction

Active transport requires energy from ATP, and facilitated diffusion does not

Active transport involves transport proteins, and facilitated diffusion does not

Facilitated diffusion can move solutes against a concentration gradient, and active transport cannot

Facilitated diffusion involves transport proteins, and active transport does not


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 30 Which of the following enables a cell to pick up and concentrate a specific kind of molecule?

Channel proteins

Receptor-mediated endocytosis

Passive transport

Osmosis

Facilitated diffusion


Time is up

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Time is up

  • Pass your answers to your neighbour and we will correct


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 1 What is the process by which monomers are linked together to form polymers?

Hydrolysis

Monomerization

Protein formation

Dehydration reactions

Coiling

Q. 2 In a hydrolysis reaction, ______, and in this process water is _______.

Monomers are assembled to produce a polymer........produced

A monomer is broken up into its constituent polymers.......produced

Monomers are assembled to produce a polymer........consumed

A polymer is broken up into its constituent monomers.....produced

A polymer is broken up into its constituent monomers.....consumed


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 3 The type of bond that forms to join monomers (such as sugars and amino acids) into polymers (such as starch and proteins) is a(n) _______ bond.

Van der Waals

Hydrogen

Covalent

Ionic

Peptide

Q. 4 Which of the following is not a true polymer?

Nucleic acids

Proteins

Lipids

Carbohydrates

None of the above


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 5 Protein molecules are polymers (chains) of _______.

DNA molecules

Amino acid molecules

Fatty acid molecules

Purines and pyrimidines

Sucrose molecules

Q. 6 The peptide bond is _______.

A covalent bond joining simple sugars together to form a polypeptide

A covalent bond joining nucleotides together to form a nucleic acid

A hydrogen bond joining nucleotides together to form a nucleic acid

A hydrogen bond joining amino acids together to form a polypeptide

A covalent bond joining amino acids together to form a polypeptide


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 7 The alpha helix and beta pleated sheets represent which level of protein structure:

Primary structure

Tertiary structure

Secondary structure

Pentiary structure

Quaternary structure

Q. 8 The “primary structure” of a protein refers to ________.

The alpha helix or beta pleated sheets

The weak aggregation of two or more polypeptide chains into one functional macromolecule

Coiling due to hydrogen bonding between amino acids

Interactions among the side chains or R groups of the amino acids

The sequence of amino acids


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 9 The overall three dimensional shape of a single polypeptide is called ________.

Tertiary structure

Primary structure

Double helix

Quaternary structure

Secondary structure

Q. 10 A nucleotide is made up of which of the following chemical components?

A nitrogenous base, a fatty acid, and an amino acid

A nitrogenous base, an amino acid, and a phosphate group

A series of nitrogenous bases, a nucleic acid backbone, and a hexose sugar

A nitrogenous base, an amino acid, and a pentose sugar

A nitrogenous base, a phosphate group, and a pentose sugar


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 11 Which of the following describes a difference between DNA and RNA?

RNA molecules consist of a single polynucleotide chain, whereas DNA molecules consist of two polynucleotide chains organised into a double helix

One of their nitrogenous bases is different

They contain different sugars

The first and second listed responses are correct differences

The first three listed responses all describe differences

Q. 12 On the basis of the principle of complementary base pairing, you would expect the percentage of ______ to be equal to the percentage of ________.

Adenine...........guanine

Adenine...........cytosine

Thymine..........guanine

Adenine...........thymine

Thymine..........cytosine


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 13 Which of the following is the simplest collection of matter that can live?

Tissue

Cell

Organ

Molecules

None of the listed responses are correct

Q. 14 Bacterial cells are prokaryotic. Unlike a typical eukaryotic cell they ______.

Have no membrane-bounded organelles in their cytoplasm

Lack a plasma membrane

Have a smaller nucleus

Have no ribosomes

Lack chromosomes


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 15 Which of the following structures is found in eukaryotic but not prokaryotic cells?

Mitochondria

Ribosomes

DNA

Cytosol

Plasma membrane

Q. 16 What compartment of the cell is referred to as the “brain of the cell”?

Ribosomes

Nucleus

Mitochondria

Rough endoplasmic reticulum

Golgi apparatus


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 17 What is the functional connection between the nucleolus, nuclear pores, and the nuclear envelope?

The nucleolus contains messenger RNA (mRNA), which crosses the nuclear envelope through the nuclear pores

Subunits of ribosomes are assembled in the nucleolus and pass through the nuclear membrane via the nuclear pores

The nuclear pores are connections between the nuclear membrane and the endoplasmic reticulum that permit ribosomes to assemble on the surface of the ER

Endoplasmic reticulum membrane is produced in the nucleolus and leaves the nucleus through the nuclear pores

None of the listed responses are correct


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 18 What component of the cell is involved in assembly of the ribosomal subunits?

Ribosome

Chromatin

Nuclear membrane

Nucleolus

Nuclear pores

Q. 19 Which of the following categories best describes the function of the rough endoplasmic reticulum?

Manufacturing

Energy processing

Structural support of cells

Information storage

Breakdown of complex foods


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 20 The sorting and packaging centre of the cell refers to what cellular component?

Golgi apparatus

Lysosome

Nucleus

Rough endoplasmic reticulum

Mitochondria

Q. 21 A substance moving from outside the cell into the cytoplasm must pass through _________.

The endomembrane system

A microtubule

The nucleus

A ribosome

The plasma membrane


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 22 Which of the following is/are possible site(s) of protein synthesis in a typical eukaryotic cell?

The cytoplasm

The rough endoplasmic reticulum

In mitochondria

The first two answers are correct

The first three answers are correct

Q. 23 Which of the following statements about chloroplasts and mitochondria is true?

Chloroplasts and mitochondria synthesize some of their own proteins

Chloroplasts and mitochondria are components of the endomembrane system

Mitochondria but not chloroplasts contain a small amount of DNA

Chloroplasts and mitochondria have three sets of membranes

Chloroplasts but not mitochondria are completely independent of the cell of which they are part


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 24 Which of the following structure is found in animal cells but NOT plant cells?

Plasma membrane

Golgi apparatus

Mitochondria

Centrioles

Rough endoplasmic reticulum

Q. 25 Detoxification is a characteristic function of what type of organelle?

Mitochondria

Golgi apparatus

Nucleus

Peroxisome

Rough endoplasmic reticulum


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 26 Which of the following cell structures exhibits selective permeability between a cell and its external environment?

The plasma membrane

Mitochondria

Lysosomes

Endoplasmic reticulum

Chloroplasts

Q. 27 Which of the following statements about diffusion is true?

It is a passive process

It occurs when molecules move from a region of lower concentration to a region of higher concentration

It always requires integral proteins of the cell membrane

It is very rapid over long distances

It requires expenditure of energy by the cell


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 28 Which of these statements describes some aspects of facilitated diffusion?

There is only one kind of protein pore for facilitated diffusion

Facilitated diffusion is another name for osmosis.

Facilitated diffusion of solutes may occur through channel or transport proteins in the membrane

Facilitated diffusion requires energy to drive a concentration gradient

Facilitated diffusion of solutes occurs through phospholipid pores in the membrane

Q. 29 Which of the following is a correct difference between active transport and facilitated diffusion?

Active transport can move solutes in either direction across a membrane, but facilitated diffusion can only move in one direction

Active transport requires energy from ATP, and facilitated diffusion does not

Active transport involves transport proteins, and facilitated diffusion does not

Facilitated diffusion can move solutes against a concentration gradient, and active transport cannot

Facilitated diffusion involves transport proteins, and active transport does not


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Q. 30 Which of the following enables a cell to pick up and concentrate a specific kind of molecule?

Channel proteins

Receptor-mediated endocytosis

Passive transport

Osmosis

Facilitated diffusion


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

How did you do?

For extra reading:

Campbell

Proteins and nucleic acids: Chapter 5 (sections 5.4 and 5.5)

Tour of the cell: Chapter 6

Membrane structure and function: Chapter 7


Tutorial for module by1101 cell biology revision mcq joe colgan tcolgan tcd ie

BY1101 Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology

Next week: Chromatography

Read over practicals 2 and 3

Bring your practical book and any questions that you may have


  • Login