Language. SOUNDS: ALLITERATION: Repeated consonant sounds "Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers" ASSONANCE: Repeated Vowel sounds "The June moon loomed over the horizon" ONOMATOPOEIA: Words sound like what they are "The fire crackled and the popcorn popped.". IMAGERY:
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Repeated consonant sounds
"Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers"
Repeated Vowel sounds
"The June moon loomed over the horizon"
Words sound like what they are
"The fire crackled and the popcorn popped."
(Creating pictures for the senses)
A direct comparison
"The Springbox were ripped to shreds on the field."
A comparison using "Like" or "as"
“He is as fierce as a volcano."
“The queues went on forever!"
Making an inanimate object act like a person or animal
"The fog crept in on little cat feet.“
A cross reference to another work of art
"My boyfriend dances like King Kong."
Using part of an object to stand for the whole thing
"Have you got your wheels, man?"
Something represents a completely different thing or idea.
A black glove may represent death.
Saying the opposite of what you really mean, for effect
"That was a cool move, man.“
Ambiguities of meaning.
"Whenever you shop at Four Square you'll like the Change."
has one clause.
We drove from Connecticut to Tennessee.
has no noun
has no verb
A cool mint gel. A fantastic party!
(more than one independent clause):
We were exhausted, but we arrived in time for my father's party.
(one independent clause and at least one dependent clause):
Although he is now 79 years old, he still claims to be 65.
makes a statement and ends with a full stop.
The children were happy to see you.
asks a question.
shows strong feeling and ends with an exclamation mark. How outrageous!
gives a command.
Sit there and listen. (You, sit there and listen.)
Asks a question for the reader to consider
Do you want great looking shiny hair?
A balance in the structure of the sentence.
Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country. (John F. Kennedy)
ONE WORD = ONE SENTENCE
A sentence is left by itself to emphasis a key idea.
She stood there. Alone.
using similar building blocks.
“He walked through the door, through the back yard, through her life.”
DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH
In direct speech, the original speaker's exact words are given and are indicated by quotation marks.
"I don't know what to do," said Dean.
In indirect speech, the exact meaning of the speaker's words is given, but the exact words are not directly quoted.
Dean said that he didn't know what to do.
sight: including colors, shapes, sizes
sound: including types and volume
smell: including scents and strengths
taste: including flavors and strengths
touch: including textures and temperatures
emotions and subjective reactions: (happy, excited,
ecstatic, sad, lonely, beautiful, ugly
states: tired, angered, smart, rich, hungry, lonely
Persuasive language is important to recognise and understand. A common way writers persuade a reader is by appealing to the emotions by using language that generates sympathy in some way.
The knife ripped through his battered body.
an expression not used in formal language (such as "gonna" or "grouty" or "uffda"), phrases (such as "ain't nothin'" and "dead as a doornail"), or sometimes even an entire aphorism ("There's more than one way to skin a cat") used primarily within a limited geographical area.
Words which relate to a specific activity, profession, or group. It is generally formal terminology and commonly referred to as the language of a particular field.
the use of highly informal words and expressions. Slang is very often specific to a particular context or group.
She’s a mullet.
The connotation essentially relates to how anything may be associated with a word or phrase, for example, an implied value judgement or feelings.
A stubborn person may be described as being either strong-willed or pig-headed. Although these have the same literal meaning (i.e. stubborn), strong-willedconnotes admiration for someone's convictions, while pig-headedconnotes frustration in dealing with someone.
Abstract nouns are ideas, feelings or qualities such as love, hate, kindness, fear, anger, imagination, courage, intelligence, loneliness, happiness, sadness, bravery, cowardice, embarrassment, joy, beauty, ugliness, confidence, luck, misfortune, mischief, bitterness, justice, injustice, grief, boredom, cheerfulness. They cannot be seen or touched in the same way as concrete nouns such as chair, table, dog, Lancaster, or Thomas.