Dynamics of the earth system and the ice core record desire
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 21

Dynamics of the Earth System and the Ice-Core Record (DESIRE) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 64 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Dynamics of the Earth System and the Ice-Core Record (DESIRE). Project submitted to the joint QUEST-INSU AO. 650 kyr of clues from EPICA and Vostok!. Siegenthaler et al., 2005; Spahni et al., 2005; Petit et al., 1999.

Download Presentation

Dynamics of the Earth System and the Ice-Core Record (DESIRE)

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Dynamics of the earth system and the ice core record desire

Dynamics of the Earth System and the Ice-Core Record (DESIRE)

Project submitted to the joint QUEST-INSU AO


650 kyr of clues from epica and vostok

650 kyr of clues from EPICA and Vostok!

Siegenthaler et al., 2005; Spahni et al., 2005; Petit et al., 1999


Dynamics of the earth system and the ice core record desire

The correlative approach can only take us so far, and a mechanistic, model-based approach is now needed

The success of approaches using correlations with Antarctic proxies alone implies the dominance of Southern Ocean mechanisms?

Mudelsee (based only on Vostok data):

pCO2 = 922 + 1.646 * δDt-2000


State of the art ch 4

State of the art: CH4

  • G-IG jumps, 350-700 ppbv

  • Very fast changes (200 ppbv) at DO scales

  • Various sources (terrestrial except marine hydrates) could be involved

    • Distinguishable through isotopes

  • Changing sinks also implicated

    • Little constraint on source/sink balance


Dynamics of the earth system and the ice core record desire

QUEST-Deglaciation will look at G-IG change, but in DESIRE we will have the advantage of:

  • new coupled models that cover the CH4 domain

  • different G-IG transitions with different climate changes

  • millennial events encompassing much of the G-IG range


State of the art co 2

State of the art: CO2

  • G-IG ramps, ~180-280 ppmv in last 450 kyr

  • Lower CO2 in early IG (450-800 kyr)

  • Very close link to Antarctic temperature

    • implies concentration on S. Ocean

  • Physical and biogeochemical processes

    • Data and models provide some constraints

    • But error bars remain very large


Dynamics of the earth system and the ice core record desire

Quaternary QUEST is also working on the CO2 issue, focussed on 1 climate cycle, but we will use the constraints of multiple cycles:

  • In “weak” interglacials, did each mechanism scale with temperature, or were some inactive?

  • Is the phasing at each termination and inception of diagnostic significance?


Dynamics of the earth system and the ice core record desire1

Dynamics of the Earth System and the Ice-core Record (DESIRE)

  • Response to the NERC-INSU joint UK-Fra call “to develop a quantitative and predictive understanding of the ice-core record of changing atmospheric composition”

  • Note that this is a huge question, and we have to balance ambition with reality

  • 0.8 Myrs, CO2 and CH4

  • 3 years, starting in ??? 07


Underlying principles

Underlying principles

  • Use the new data

  • Use the best modelling tools, people and datasets available to UK and French researchers

  • Use models of appropriate complexity for each question being addressed

  • Tackle achievable aspects of the overall “understanding everything” call

  • WPs arranged around hypotheses relating to (a) CH4 change, (b) CO2 change, (c) the links between these changes and climate change in the coupled system


Strategy

Strategy

Explore

particular

processes

Propose future

constraints

Develop/test some

new modelling

tools

Simulations

of appropriate

periods

Assess contribution

of different mechanisms

to GHG change

over 800 kyr

Prepare/compile

new diagnostic

datasets

Data constraints


Current partners

Expertise

Current partners

  • Palaeodata - ice (Jerôme Chappellaz, Eric Wolff and others)

  • Palaeodata - land (Sandy Harrison, Maria Sanchez-Goni)

  • Palaeodata – oceans (Frank Bassinot, Harry Elderfield, Elisabeth Michel, Steve Barker)

  • Ocean dynamics (David Marshall and others)

  • Atmospheric chemistry (Oliver Wild, Dudley Shallcross)

  • Ocean biogeochemistry (Corinne Le Quéré, Laurent Bopp)

  • C cycle modelling (Pierre Friedlingstein, Peter Cox)

  • Ocean modelling (Neil Edwards)

  • Coupled climate models (Pascale Braconnot, Paul Valdes, Gilles Ramstein)

  • EMICs (Neil Edwards, Andy Ridgwell)

  • BAS (Eric Wolff)

  • IPSL/LSCE (Pierre Friedlingstein, Pascale Braconnot, Gilles Ramstein, Laurent Bopp, Frank Bassinot and others)

  • Bristol (Sandy Harrison, Paul Valdes, Andy Ridgwell)

  • LGGE (Jerôme Chappellaz and several others)

  • OU (Neil Edwards)

  • Reading (David Marshall)

  • UEA (Corinne Le Quéré )

  • Cambridge (Harry Elderfield)

  • Exeter (Peter Cox)

  • Plus some unfunded partners (Steve Barker, Maria Sanchez-Goni, Oliver Wild,….)


Strand 1 ch 4 and atmos chem

Strand 1: CH4 and atmos chem

1.1 Fire modules and integration of methane-related components into IPSL-ESM

1.2 13C into FAMOUS

1.3 Prospects for constraints on source and sink for methane (atmos chem)

1.4 Wetlands/veg data synthesis at MIS 13/15; DO8 and DO 19/20 synthesis by collaboration with QQ


Strand 2 co 2 and c cycle

Strand 2: CO2 and C cycle

2.1 13CO2 in ice

2.2 Marine sediment constraints on C cycle (including CaCO3 and dissolution in sediments, Chatham Rise, and MIS16/15 and 12/11)

2.3 SO physics and biogeochemistry (effect of eddies, winds and overturning)

2.4 Dust parameterisation (shape, composition)

2.5 MGV development


Strands 3 models and zoos 4

Strands 3 (models and zoos) & 4

3.1 Time slices MH, EH, LGM (Q-ESM and IPSL-ESM)

3.2 Other interglacials as time slices (FAMOUS/IPSL-ESM)

3.3 Short transients DO8 and DO19/20 (FAMOUS, IPSL-ESM, MGV)

3.4 Data/model: Compile zoo of ig and g (includes workshops about proxies)

3.5 Transient simulations of transitions and igs (GENIE, MGV) to explore parameters leading to zoo

4 Coordination


Resources

Resources

  • 23 years of new PDRA time

  • Redirected efforts of numerous French researchers and research time of UK Co-Is

  • Bilateral visits and exchanges in most areas

  • Workshops for major data synthesis and proxy interpretation efforts


Management

Management

  • Wolff and Friedlingstein responsible to QUEST, NERC and INSU

  • Co-Is responsible for each WP

  • Management board providing direction, dealing with problems, organising synthesis

  • Project coordinator assists PI, communications, workshops

  • Project meetings: 2 per year, plus management board interim meetings and virtual meetings

  • Year 3 project meeting will have goal of outlining synthesis paper


International linkages

International linkages

  • Most participants are already strongly linked to external collaborators (through e.g. EPICA, PMIP, etc.)

  • PIs/Co-Is are strongly involved in all the major international projects (AIMES, PAGES, IGAC, ILEAPS, GCP, …..

  • Potential fast-track initiative (PAGES/AIMES) around EPICA challenge has recently been discussed; DESIRE could make natural leaders for this


A testbed for understanding of the earth system

A testbed for understanding of the Earth System

DESIRE should be a significant step towards understanding the Earth’s behaviour in response to external (or artificial) forcing


Key deliverables

Key deliverables

  • Improvements in modelling tools available to UK/Fra researchers

  • New constraining datasets (e.g. 13C), and recommendations for future data needs

  • Improved understanding of some key processes

  • Flagship simulations of critical time periods

  • Synthesis assessment (with uncertainties) of contribution of different mechanisms to the observed records of CO2 and CH4

  • Enduring partnership of top UK and French researchers


Dynamics of the earth system and the ice core record desire

End


Hypotheses

Hypotheses

  • CH4 changes (g-ig, DO, ig-ig) can only be explained by a combination of chnages in both source and sink

    • Constrain solutions that fit all the data; suggest new tests

  • CO2 and insolation are enough to explain the ig-ig and g-g variability observed

    • Effectively test climate sensitivity using warm periods only

  • CO2 changes result from a combination of (mainly SO) mechanisms

    • Improve the mechanisms in models and narrow the error bars for the effect of each


  • Login