Civil air patrol
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 39

Civil Air Patrol PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 229 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Civil Air Patrol. The Official USAF Auxiliary Capt. Rangi Keen, CAP. Overview. What is the Civil Air Patrol (CAP)? Our missions How we are activated Examples from real missions. A Brief History. Formed on December 1 st , 1941 Wartime missions Coastal and border patrol Transport

Download Presentation

Civil Air Patrol

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Civil air patrol

Civil Air Patrol

The Official USAF Auxiliary

Capt. Rangi Keen, CAP


Overview

Overview

  • What is the Civil Air Patrol (CAP)?

  • Our missions

  • How we are activated

  • Examples from real missions

Civil Air Patrol


A brief history

A Brief History

  • Formed on December 1st, 1941

  • Wartime missions

    • Coastal and border patrol

    • Transport

    • Aerial Target Towing

    • Searchlight & Radar Training

    • Disaster Relief

    • Airfield and Resource Security

Civil Air Patrol


Cap today

CAP Today

  • The United States Air Force Auxiliary

  • A congressionally chartered non-combatant organization

  • 65,000 Civilian Volunteers

    • 35,000 Seniors (adults)

    • 30,000 Cadets

    • 52 Wings

    • 550 Corporate and 4,500 Member Aircraft

Civil Air Patrol


Cap missions

CAP Missions

  • Aerospace Education

  • Cadet Program

  • Emergency Services

    • Search and Rescue

    • Disaster Relief

    • Emergency Communications

  • Homeland Security

Civil Air Patrol


Search and rescue sar

Search and Rescue (SAR)

  • Tasked by the Air Force Rescue Coordination Center (AFRCC)

    • Located at Langley AFB in Alabama

  • CAP conducts 95% of all inland SAR activities for downed aircraft

  • Credited with saving 140 lives last year

Civil Air Patrol


Mission activation

Mission Activation

  • AFRCC is notified by the FAA, COSPAS-SARSAT, or other agencies

  • Once verified as an actual distress situation, AFRCC activates the appropriate search agencies, which may include CAP, Coast Guard, or other federal, state, or local agencies

  • All missions must go through AFRCC

Civil Air Patrol


How can you speed it up

How can you speed it up?

  • In the event of an overdue aircraft, your dispatch center should contact the AFRCC directly as part of its Post Incident Action Plan.

  • AFRCC (800) 851-3051

  • Give them the last known position and time, aircraft type and color, and souls and fuel on board.

Civil Air Patrol


Survival rates

Survival Rates

  • 29% will survive a crash

    • 60% will be injured

      • 81% will die if not located within 24 hours

      • 94% will die if not located within 48 hours

    • 40% will be uninjured

      • 50% will die if not located within 72 hours

      • Survival chances diminish rapidly after 72 hours

Civil Air Patrol


Response times

Response Times

  • Average time until activation

    • 15.6 hours if no flight plan was filed

    • 3.9 hours if a VFR flight plan was filed

    • 1.1 hours if an IFR flight plan was filed

  • Average time to find

    • 62.6 hours if no flight plan was filed

    • 18.2 hours if a VFR flight plan was filed

    • 11.5 hours if an IFR flight plan was filed

Civil Air Patrol


The elusive elt

The Elusive ELT

  • Automatic radio beacon (100 milliwatts)

    • Roughly equal to that of a regular flashlight

  • Can be heard on a line-of-sight basis.

Civil Air Patrol


Types of elts

Types of ELTs

  • Three frequencies

    • 121.5 MHz (VHF)

    • 243 MHz (UHF – military)

    • 406.025 MHz (advanced with GPS)

  • General types

    • General aviation aircraft

    • Marine (EPIRB)

    • Personal Locator Beacon (PLB)

Civil Air Patrol


The elt antenna

The ELT Antenna

  • Most light aircraft have ELTs installed

Civil Air Patrol


Civil air patrol

But…

They don’t always survive

Civil Air Patrol


Elt activation

ELT Activation

  • ELTs - activated by G-force

    • Requires 5-9 horizontal “Gs”

    • Some have a remote switch in the cockpit

  • EPIRBs - activated by a mercury switch

    • Float out of their holder and invert

  • PLBs - generally manually activated

Civil Air Patrol


Inadvertent activation

Inadvertent Activation

  • Hard landing

  • Inadvertent change of switch position

  • Removal of the unit without deactivation

    • Inadvertent activation of the manual switch

    • Dropping the unit can activate the G-switch

  • Malfunction

    • Switch short

    • Battery leakage or corrosion

Civil Air Patrol


Who s listening

Who’s Listening

  • COSPAS-SARSAT

  • FAA Facilities

    • FSS, Centers, Towers

  • Airliners

  • Military Aircraft

  • General Aviation Aircraft

  • Signal report is relayed to AFRCC

Civil Air Patrol


How sarsat works

How SARSAT Works

  • Determines position using Doppler shift

    • Classic Doppler Example: the lowering of the pitch of a train’s horn as it passes by you

      • If you’re right near the track, this change is fast

      • If you’re farther away, the change is more gradual

    • A change in the frequency received by the satellite occurs at the Point of Closest Approach

      • For an overhead pass, this change is very abrupt

      • For an oblique pass, this change is more gradual

    • A higher frequency beacon gives a better shift

      • Hence 406 MHz beacons tend to be more accurate

Civil Air Patrol


Determining the position

Determining the position

Latitude

Possible Location

Distance

  • First pass gives a latitude

    • It could be either side of the satellite

  • Second pass determines the longitude

    • Average 30-45 minutes between passes

  • Positional error is typically elliptical

    • 6 NM North-South

    • 12 NM East-West

Civil Air Patrol


System accuracy

121.5 MHz

12 NM radius, 452 Sq Mi

Average 6 Hour notification

75 mW transmitter

406 MHz

2 NM radius, 12.5 Sq Mi

Average 1 hour notification

25 mW 121.5 transmitter

406 MHz with GPS

0.05 NM radius, 0.008 Sq Mi

Average 5 minute notification

5 W data burst every 50 secs

25 mW 121.5 homing beacon

System Accuracy

121.5 - 12 NM

406 - 2 NM

406 w/GPS - 0.05 NM

Civil Air Patrol


False alerts

False Alerts

  • 97% of all missions are false alerts

  • 121.5 MHz

    • 1 in 500 are actual distress (0.2%)

    • Only 1 in 5 come from beacons (20%)

  • 406 MHz

    • 1 in 12 are actual distress (8.3%)

    • Registration is required

      • Most alerts can be resolved with a phone call

Civil Air Patrol


Search methods

Search Methods

  • Electronic - Tracking the ELT

    • Fast: once we are receiving your signal, we can usually locate you to within 100 meters in less than 20 minutes

    • Can be performed in poor visibility and at night

  • Visual

    • Slow

    • Difficult

    • VFR only

Civil Air Patrol


Search teams

Search Teams

  • Airborne

    • Three-person air crews perform electronic and visual searches

  • Ground

    • Four-person teams perform electronic and visual searches

    • Work in all weather

    • Manpower intensive, need to localize search area to be successful

    • Work as a team with the air crews

Civil Air Patrol


This is what we look for

This is what we look for

Civil Air Patrol


Crash with cap on scene

Crash with CAP on Scene

Civil Air Patrol


Search visibilities

Search Visibilities

Civil Air Patrol


Crash from 800 agl

Crash From 800’ AGL

Civil Air Patrol


Crash from 800 agl1

Crash From 800’ AGL

Civil Air Patrol


Crash from 1500 agl

Crash From 1500’ AGL

Civil Air Patrol


Crash from 800 agl2

Crash From 800’ AGL

Civil Air Patrol


Kearsarge crash july 2004

Kearsarge Crash (July 2004)

Civil Air Patrol


Kearsarge crash overhead

Kearsarge Crash (Overhead)

Civil Air Patrol


Kearsarge crash close up

Kearsarge Crash (Close-up)

Civil Air Patrol


We used ics at kearsarge

We Used ICS at Kearsarge

  • CAP uses the Incident Command System during all its missions

  • Provides for effective span of control and unity of command

  • Facilitates communication and cooperation with other agencies

Civil Air Patrol


Posse comitatus

Posse Comitatus

  • We are not law enforcement

  • CAP members may not

    • Carry firearms

    • Participate in detention or arrest of persons or seizure of property

    • Conduct surveillance of personnel or equipment

Civil Air Patrol


Posse comitatus cont

Posse Comitatus (Cont.)

  • CAP members may not be deputized

  • No authority to restrict persons by force

  • May provide passive assistance to law enforcement

  • Can do passive site surveillance

  • No trespassing allowed

  • No special dispensations

Civil Air Patrol


Working together

Working Together

  • Call AFRCC at (800) 851-3051

  • Search and rescue exercises (SAREXs)

  • Other ideas?

Civil Air Patrol


For more information

For More Information

  • Web Sites

    • http://www.cap.gov/

    • http://lebanon.nhwgcap.org/

    • http://www.sarsat.noaa.gov/

  • E-mail

    • [email protected]

Civil Air Patrol


  • Login