Chapter 6. Memory Introductory Psychology Dr. Greg Cook. Memory Model Atkinson & Shiffrin (1968). See Textbook, p. 199. Rehearsal. Retrieve. SM. STM. LTM. Input. Transfer Encode. Transfer Encode. Lost. Lost. Lost?. “Computer” as a metaphor
Dr. Greg Cook
See Textbook, p. 199.
“Computer” as a metaphor
for memory and information processing.
Also interference, distortions, consolidation problems, other phenomenon
If you study a list of words/concepts, then immediately try to recall them, you get “Primacy” and “Recency” effects.
With delayed recall, you get only the “Primacy” effect.
Primacy Effect: early items are transferred to LTM (fresh task)
Recency Effect: items studied w/in last seconds are still in STM, if immed test
Intermediate items were not encoded strongly into LTM, also not now in STM
Image copied from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Serial_position.png
suppression vs. repression
Images from http://encarta.msn.com/media_461547609_761578303_-1_1/Forgetting_Curve.html
Hermann Ebbinghaus (1850-1909) conducted the first systematic studies of human memory. Using himself as a subject, he learned nonsense syllables, then tested his memory after delays up to 31 days.
Most forgetting occurs rapidly, then what “sticks” tends to stick long term.
LEJ, XIZ, LUK, ZOH, . . .
Try this link:
(use recall; go beyond recognition)