Montana 1948
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MONTANA 1948. ISSUES IN THE TEXT. SETTING AND CONTEXT. Bentrock, Montana, USA Cold, impoverished, barren environment Sioux Indian tribe live in nearby settlement The text reveals events that occurred over the summer of 1948 Note it is based on a situation after WW2 Wild west context.

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MONTANA 1948

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Montana 1948

MONTANA 1948

ISSUES IN THE TEXT


Setting and context

SETTING AND CONTEXT

  • Bentrock, Montana, USA

  • Cold, impoverished, barren environment

  • Sioux Indian tribe live in nearby settlement

  • The text reveals events that occurred over the summer of 1948

  • Note it is based on a situation after WW2

  • Wild west context


Themes

THEMES

  • Honesty and integrity

  • Professionalism

  • Family pride

  • Discrimination of Indians

  • Power and privilege

  • Medical ethics


Main characters

MAIN CHARACTERS

  • David, his parents: Wes and Gail

  • Uncle Frank and wife Gloria

  • Deputy sheriff, Len McAuley & wife Daisy

  • Marie Little Soldier, the Hayden’s servant

  • Julian and Enid, David’s grandparents

  • Ronnie Tall Bear, Marie’s boyfriend

  • Ollie Young Bear & wife Doris(Strickland)


Main events

MAIN EVENTS

  • Marie becomes ill with pneumonia

  • She is fearful of Frank and refuses his services as a doctor

  • Gail talks to Marie, discovers that the Indian girls accuse Frank of molesting them

  • She suddenly dies

  • Wes investigates the allegations, after David tells him he saw Frank’s truck the day Marie died

  • Wes locks his brother up in his basement

  • His father demands he releases his brother

  • Next day Julian sends over his men to release Frank, but fail

  • Frank commits suicide in the basement

  • The family cover up the death

  • Wes and his family leave town


Outcomes

OUTCOMES

  • Justice? Did Frank’s death resolve the victimisation of the Indians?

  • Truth? Did Wes uphold the truth?

  • Regrets

  • Peace in Bentrock?

  • Loss of childhood innocence


Contrasts

Whites

Wealth

Power

Honesty

Life

Control

Loyalty

Summer-heat

Indians

Poverty

Oppression

Deceit

Death

Submissive

Betrayal

Winter-chill

contrasts


Montana 1948

SIOUX INDIANSAbout 6,800 Assiniboine and Sioux live on the Fort Peck Reservation with another approximately 3,900 tribal members living off the reservation. LOCATION: The Fort Peck Reservation is in northeastern Montana, 40 miles west of the North Dakota border, and 50 miles south of the Canadian border, with the Missouri River defining its southern perimeter. It includes more than two million acres of land.


Montana 1948

Baptist


Indians

Indians

  • TIME LINE OF IMPORTANT EVENTS IN AMERICAN HISTORY

  • INDIANS

  • 1492Columbus ‘discovered’ America

  • 1840’s on: white settlers on wagon trains took up farming on prairies

  • 1850’s: 70,000 Indians died in California from diseases brought in from whites

  • 1850: total Indian population did not exceed 250,000

  • Between 1872-1874 white settlers killed 3,500,000 buffalo

  • By 1900 0nly 39 buffalo survived in the wild

  • ‘Indian Wars’ of 1860’s and 1870’s

  • 1864: Cheyenne massacre: almost 300 Indians killed by Colonel Chivington. The Indians were camped at Sand Creek Colorado waiting to discuss peace with the local whites

  • 1876 Custer’s last stand: US cavalry attempted to defeat large numbers of Sioux and Cheyenne in the Big Horn area of North Dakota. Custer attempted to overwhelm an Indian party. He and 200 men were killed.

  • 1877: the Sioux were forced to surrender

  • 1890: The tribes were defeated. A white settler shot Chief Sitting Bull, one of the great Indian leaders. At Wounded Knee, South Dakota, a whole tribe of Sioux were exterminated. This was the end of the Indian killings

  • Indians became American citizens in 1924

  • Over 50,000 Indians participated in WW2

  • 1960’s: civil rights movement

  • 1972: Indians occupied BIA headquarters in Washington DC

  • 1973: Indians occupied Wounded Knee

  • 1980:1.3 million Indians, and increasing


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