Convergence for Integrated Development of Rainfed Farming Systems: Lessons and Way Forward
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Convergence for Integrated Development of Rainfed Farming Systems: Lessons and Way Forward Sreenath Dixit Principal Scientist Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture Hyderabad.

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Convergence for Integrated Development of Rainfed Farming Systems: Lessons and Way Forward

Sreenath Dixit

Principal Scientist

Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture

Hyderabad

Rainfed Farming Systems: Evolving Operation Framework for 12th Five Year Plan, CRIDA, 14-15 May, 2013


Convergence: Need of the Hour Systems: Lessons and Way Forward

  • Public investment in development: Huge and increasing

  • Takes the form of programmes and schemes implemented by multiple ministries, departments, elected bodies and other agencies

  • Lack of streamlined implementation leading to multiplicity and duplication

  • Lack of cooperation and coordination between implementing agencies

  • Absence of demand and access mechanism


Operationalizing Convergence: Challenges Systems: Lessons and Way Forward

  • Conflict between development needs and programme goals - development projects often lack systems approach

  • Multiplicity of department/schemes/organisations: Eg. RD, Agri, horti, seri, AH; SAUs etc.

  • Other schemes aiming at HDI such as women and child welfare, nutrition, sanitation, education, skill development etc. – not streamlined either

  • Need for a body or an agency to anchor and drawn in support/assistance to the community from different schemes

  • District administration – too over loaded to play the role


Promoting Convergence: CRIDA’s Experiences Systems: Lessons and Way Forward

  • National Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP): Implemented across eight backward districts of AP

  • Aimed at overall livelihood improvement of marginalized communities

  • Adopted unique project management approach: Cluster Anchoring by an implementation partner

  • Built in flexibility to carry out what was required to make things happen

  • Took initiative for convergence right from project launch onwards

  • Sensitized partners about the need to bring convergence and the value it brings for the project

  • Supported anchoring partners with logistics and networking required for promoting convergence


Some Examples of Promoting Convergence Systems: Lessons and Way Forward

  • Farm ponds in Adilabad: MGNREGS

  • Micro irrigation in Anantapur & Warangal: APMIP

  • Community & household biogas in Nalgonda & Khammam: NEDCAP

  • Safe drinking water: JP Morgan-Planet Water Foundation (Mbnr); NTR Trust (Nlg)

  • Horticulture in Anantapur: NHM

  • Exposure visits: ATMA

  • Groundwater sharing in RR district: NABARD

District Collector Participating in the Launch Meeting


Up-scaling of Farm Ponds in Adilabad Systems: Lessons and Way Forward

Identified & demostrated potential for runoff harvest

DWMA sanctioned Rs.20 lakhs under MGNREGS for up-sacling farm ponds in Gudi Hatnur mandal

Convergence with MGNREGS

Critical Input: Topo Survey & Follow up with DWMA


Reviving Sunk Investments … Making Them Productive Systems: Lessons and Way Forward

Availed 2000 man days from MGNREGS for tank de-silting

Courtesy DWMA, Nalgonda

Critical Input: Technical Survey and Community Mobilization; identifying scope for under utiized investments

Silted up Jalamalakunta

Desilted Jalamalakunta with a pucca waste weir, Nalgonda


Community Biogas Unit: Convergence with NEDCAP, Nalgonda Systems: Lessons and Way Forward

  • Facilitated availing of Rs.5 lakh assistance by NEDCAP for the community biogas unit

  • 45 houses connected

  • Biogas for power: 15 kva genset to energize 13 hp motor

  • Critical Input: Genset; institution bldg

Convergence: NEDCAP, NAIP, Banjara Society

Biogas for cooking


Vermicomposting Unit Added on to Community Biogas Unit Systems: Lessons and Way Forward

  • Annual production capacity : 80 t

  • Current utilization:

    • 5 t slurry output/week

    • 3 t vermi compost/cycle

  • Cycle reduced by 10-15 days due to feeding of digested dung.

  • Sold to vegetable farmers

  • Critical input: Large sheds and capacity building

Community vermi compost production shed


Household Biogas Units: In Convergence with NEDCAP, Khammam Systems: Lessons and Way Forward

  • Thummalacheruvu cluster, KMM

  • In convergence with NEDCAP

  • Contribution by each family Rs.1200

  • 90 households connected

  • Critical input: Sand and Gravel

  • Thummalacheruvu cluster, KMM

  • Fuel requirement: 6-8 cartloads firewood/year

  • Mini biogas unit caters to cooking twice daily

  • Capacity: 1 m3

  • Requirement: Dung of two cattle


Sharing of Groundwater: Convergence with NABARD Systems: Lessons and Way Forward

Networking of 6 bore wells covering 18 farmers and 45 acres : Malkaipet Thanda, RR district

Critical Input: Technical survey & community mobilization


Social and Irrigation Engineering Systems: Lessons and Way Forward

Pipeline networking

Learning for planning

  • 6 bore wells; 18 farmers; 45 acres

  • kharif :3 protective irrigations; 45 ac

  • Rabi: 2 ac groundnut - donor farmers; 1 ac groundnut - recipient farmers

  • Paddy cultivation only during kharif; restricted to 5 acres

Dream coming true


Worth of Convergence Systems: Lessons and Way Forward

Details


Convergence Agenda Continues in NICRA Systems: Lessons and Way Forward


Convergence for Productivity Enhancement in Rainfed Farming Systems: Suggested Areas

  • Critical irrigation: DWMA – Dept. of Agri. – APMIP

  • Soil fertility enhancement

    • Silt application: MGNREGS – Dept. of Agri. – SAU

    • Green manuring: MGNREGS – Dept. of Agri. Forest Dept.

    • Crop residue recycling/composting: MGNREGS – Dept. of Agri.

  • Farm mechanization: District agros – Dept. of Agri. – Village panchayat

  • Livestock development: APDDC – DAH – Dept. of Agri. – DWMA

  • Post-harvest value addition: Commodity boards -Dept of Agri-Farmer groups



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