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# -Relating Conservative Force and Potential Energy -Energy diagrams and Equilibrium - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

-Relating Conservative Force and Potential Energy -Energy diagrams and Equilibrium. AP Physics C Mrs. Coyle. A Force is “Conservative” if:. “ the work this force does on an object that moves between two points depends only on the position of these two points and not on the path.”

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### -Relating Conservative Force and Potential Energy-Energy diagrams and Equilibrium

AP Physics CMrs. Coyle

• “ the work this force does on an object that moves between two points depends only on the position of these two points and not on the path.”

• “the work this force does on an object that moves through a round trip is zero.”

• Example: gravity, force of a spring.

• The work done by the force of gravity Wg =-ΔU

For a particle moving along the x-axis (one dimensional motion)while a conservative force, in the same axis, within the system acts on it:

ΔU is the change in potential energy of the system

Solving for F motion)while a conservative force, in the same axis, within the system acts on it:x:

Example: Find the gravitational force for a particle a distance x above the earth’s surface.

• Find F

• Find F(x):

• Stable Equilibrium: movement away from this (x=0) position results in a restoring force.

• Unstable Equilibrium: movement away from this position results in a force directed away from x=0

• Neutral equilibrium: movement away from x=0 does not result in either restoring nor disruptive forces.

-Energy Diagrams spring:-U(x) is minimum at x=0 (stable equilibrium)

xmax and –xmax :

turning points

Unstable equilibrium spring:U(x) is max

Neutral Equilibrium spring:U(x) is constant

Example 1 (#40) spring:

A single conservative force acting on a particle varies as F=(-Ax+Bx2 )i N, where A and B are constants and x is in meters.

a) Calculate the potential energy function taking U=0 at x=0

b) Find the change in potential energy and change in kinetic energy as the particle moves from x=2.00m to x=3.00m

Example 2 (#42) spring:

• A potential energy function for a two dimensional force is U=3x3y - 7x

• Find the force that acts at the point (x, y)

• Hint find F(x) and F(y).