Worldwide, Regional and National Unlicensed and Unprotected RF allocations, for Wireless Network Acc...
Download
1 / 12

Worldwide, Regional and National Unlicensed and Unprotected RF allocations, for Wireless Network Access including Social - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 117 Views
  • Uploaded on

Worldwide, Regional and National Unlicensed and Unprotected RF allocations, for Wireless Network Access ( including Social Issues ) . Haim Mazar Deputy Director; Frequency Mgmt and Licensing; Ministry of Comm’s; Israel Vice Chairman Study Group 9 (fixed service); ITU-R

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Worldwide, Regional and National Unlicensed and Unprotected RF allocations, for Wireless Network Access including Social' - tobit


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Slide1 l.jpg

Worldwide, Regional and National Unlicensed and Unprotected RF allocations, for Wireless Network Access (including Social Issues)

Haim Mazar

Deputy Director; Frequency Mgmt and Licensing; Ministry of Comm’s; Israel

Vice Chairman Study Group 9 (fixed service); ITU-R

Last updated 24 May 2004; [email protected]; [email protected]


Disclaimer l.jpg
Disclaimer RF allocations, for Wireless Network Access (

This presentation is based on personal views and a research in Middlesex Univ.; the opinions expressed in this presentation are solely those of the author


License exempt rf network access l.jpg
License Exempt RF RF allocations, for Wireless Network Access (Network Access

  • Exempt any equipment not interfering

  • Immunity to interference, little incentive to use RF resources efficiently.

  • Anticipated increased demand

  • Likelihood of causing interference

  • Developed Countries usually exempt RLANs

  • ITU-R SM. 1538 ‘Technical, operating parameters & spectrum requirements for SRDs’

  • Is protection of 5 GHz LE RLANs needed?

  • Globalisation and free circulation promote similar regulations and standards for LE

  • Roaming; new technologies


Promoting broadband by license exemption l.jpg
Promoting Broadband by License Exemption RF allocations, for Wireless Network Access (

  • Broadband policy and deployment

  • Grants by government, tax relief, drastic deregulation to change the competition regime

  • Implications For Developing Countries

  • Different views: NRAs vs Administrations


Market power l.jpg
Market Power RF allocations, for Wireless Network Access (

  • Unfair competition of equipment suppliers (‘hotspots’), with licensed cellular (‘cash-cow’) operators?

  • How should regulators respond when mobile overtake fixed subscribers & vice versa

  • Top down technology (for harmonization and roaming) vs. neutral market –based technology (for innovation)


Europe vs usa rf power spurious l.jpg
Europe Vs USA RF allocations, for Wireless Network Access (RF, Power, Spurious

  • EU ERC/REC 70-03

  • Most RF with limits

  • 100 mW

  • Category B is more stringent(up to 37 dB)

  • CFR47 Part 15

  • Specific bands

  • 4 Watts and more

  • Category C (USA, Canada and Japan) ITU-R SM-329


Eu vs usa public services market based minimal regulation interests of citizen consumers l.jpg
EU Vs USA RF allocations, for Wireless Network Access (Public services, Market basedMinimal Regulation, interests of citizen-consumers

  • Acceptance of regulatory standards

  • Consider to connect RLAN to the public switch

  • UK; CEPT SE38 deals with sharing in 5.8GHz

  • EU "telecoms package" Directives

  • Preference for market-based solutions

  • Unprotected RF bands for public services and connected to public networks

  • Suitable rules for WISPs, targeting mainly rural areas

  • Powell Task Force


Europe vs usa cultural aspects l.jpg
Europe Vs USA RF allocations, for Wireless Network Access (Cultural Aspects

  • Centralised Top-Down

  • Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité

  • L’état c’est moi (the state is me); citizen/ consumer obligation

  • Cathedral

  • Directives

  • Laissez faire laissez passer

  • Freedom

  • Abraham Lincoln (1863) ‘Gettysburg Address’: Government (RF) of the people, by the people, for the people

  • Bazaar

  • Caveat Emptor


Europe vs usa surprise europe is more liberal than the us l.jpg
Europe Vs USA RF allocations, for Wireless Network Access (SurpriseEurope is more liberal than the US

  • Conformity to industry regulation (R&TTE); Liberalization and Re-Regulation

  • FCC 47CFR Part 2: verification, declaration of conformity, and certification


License exemption internet freedom l.jpg
License Exemption RF allocations, for Wireless Network Access ( & InternetFreedom

  • LE RLANs & WISP connect computers to the Internet

  • LE Completes other internet platforms (cable, fixed, fibre, satellite, ADSL, VoIP, power lines, cellular, DVB-T…)tooffer personal comms

  • Even LE is telecom services LE (like Internet Information Services) is not bounded in the US, by the full range of common carrier regulation under the USA TA 96Title II

  • Success- with no regulation & no  charge; what would happen to Internet if it was regulated like RF?

  • Internet and License Exempt RF bands have no governance

  • License Exemption & Internet stimulate small companies, provide motivation and ability to participate


License exemption and internet 2 l.jpg
License Exemption and Internet (2) RF allocations, for Wireless Network Access (

  • Both promote socio-economic benefits, innovation & the information society

  • The bottom-up involves tens of thousands of practitioners

  • Internet is a typical American example of bottom-up success, opposite to the top-down European GSM success

  • Non-regulation of the Internet seems to provide an advantage to the US worldview


Conclusion l.jpg
Conclusion RF allocations, for Wireless Network Access (

  • US provides more spectrum for network access to License exempt than Europe

  • Europe is more liberal than USA in equipment approval

  • More license exempt RF -bandwidth and power- is needed to citizens and industry

    Thanks


ad