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“Socialization”. 12 th Grade Sociology. I.) What is Socialization?. Socialization : a process that begins at birth and is ongoing in which individuals learn human social behavior . II.) Agents of Socialization.

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socialization

“Socialization”

12th Grade Sociology

i what is socialization
I.) What is Socialization?

Socialization: a process that begins at birth and is

ongoing in which individuals learn

human social behavior

ii agents of socialization
II.) Agents of Socialization

Agents of Socialization: Members/groups within society that

influence individual human social

behavior

  • Family
  • School
  • Peer Groups
  • Mass Media
  • Social Class
iii perspectives of sociology
III.) Perspectives of Sociology

Functionalism: group working together (family & school) to

create a stable society

  • Conflict Theory: groups/individuals conform to current class
  • structure

Symbolic Internationalism: human nature is a product of

society

slide6

Example:

Acting Out

Self Concept: Image of oneself separate

from others

  • “I” unlearned/spontaneous acts
  • “Me”self-created acts of conformity
  • Looking Glass Self: what you think others
  • believe about you
      • Perception
      • Imagine
      • Evaluate

Example:

Boss to impress

Significant Others: people whose opinions are

most important to our self

concept

Example:

Mother, Father,

Siblings, Spouses

slide7

Role Taking: Seeing others through the eyes

  • of someone else
  • The Process:
      • Imitation (18 months to 36 months)
      • Play (3 years to 4 years)
      • Game (5 years and up)

Example:

Asking for a Raise

Generalized Other: Rely less on others and

more on understanding

Example:

Shoplifting

Right vs. Wrong

iv process of socialization
IV.) Process of Socialization

Desocialization: process in which people give

up old social behavior

Goal: to change the individual

Example:

Mental Hospitals, Cults,

Prisons, Steelers Fans

Resocialization: process in which people adopt

new social behavior

Goal: give individual new self image

Example:

Armed Forces,

Halfway House,

Rehabilitation

slide9

Example:

Elementary to Middle

to High School

Anticipatory Socialization: preparing in advance

for new social behavior

Goal: prepare for one stage to another

Reference Group: group used to evaluate yourself

  • Goal: learn social behavior

Example:

College seniors

and professional

dress code

ad