Pret rito o imperfecto
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¿Pretérito o Imperfecto? PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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¿Pretérito o Imperfecto?. ¿Pretérito o Imperfecto?. Spanish has two basic ways to talk about the past: Preterite Imperfect There are also others you would learn about in later Spanish courses. In this slide show, we’ll look at some the differences in how each tense in used. Pretérito.

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¿Pretérito o Imperfecto?

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Pret rito o imperfecto

¿Pretérito o Imperfecto?


Pret rito o imperfecto

¿Pretérito o Imperfecto?

  • Spanish has two basic ways to talk about the past:

    • Preterite

    • Imperfect

    • There are also others you would learn about in later Spanish courses.

  • In this slide show, we’ll look at some the differences in how each tense in used.


Pret rito o imperfecto

Pretérito

  • Let’s review some of the main uses of the preterite. This verb tense is used when we talk about a past action that

    • happened one time OR

    • interrupted something already going on OR

    • was the beginning of an event OR

    • was the end of an event.


Pret rito o imperfecto

Past actions that happen once

  • Juan se levantó a las 6:00.

  • Gloria llegó tarde a la clase.

  • Fui a España el verano pasado.

  • ¿Hiciste la tarea?


Pret rito o imperfecto

Interruptions

  • El teléfono sonó[rang] mientras [while] yo dormía.


Pret rito o imperfecto

The beginning of an event

  • Cristóbal Colón llegó a las Américas en 1492.

  • La película empezó a las 3:00.


Pret rito o imperfecto

The end of an event

  • Terminé el proyecto a la medianoche.

  • Los osos de Chicago ganaron el campeonato de futbol americano.


Pret rito o imperfecto

Imperfecto

  • Next let’s review some of the main uses of the imperfect. This verb tense is used when we talk about a past action that

    • happened many times OR

    • was in progress (“was …ing”) OR

    • described a condition. OR

    • “-ed” / “used to”


Pret rito o imperfecto

-AR


Pret rito o imperfecto

-ER/-IR


Pret rito o imperfecto

Repeated or habitual actions in the past

  • Don Diego fumaba puros [cigars] cubanos.

  • Cuando yo tenia 15 anos, vivia en Miami.


Pret rito o imperfecto

Past action in progress

  • A las 3:00, los estudiantes escuchaban mientras la profesora hablaba.

  • El teléfono sonó [rang] mientras [while] yo dormía.

  • ¿Qué hacías ayer a las 4:00?


Pret rito o imperfecto

Description of a condition

  • Here’s an acronym to help you organize descriptions in the past:

  • AL WEPT


Pret rito o imperfecto

AL WEPT

  • A: age, attitude, appearance

  • Cuando yo tenía 15 años…

  • …no me gustaba comer zanahorias.

  • De niña, Marta era muy alta.


Pret rito o imperfecto

AL WEPT

  • L: location

  • La chicaacampaba en el bosque. Estabaallí dos semanas.


Pret rito o imperfecto

AL WEPT

  • W: weather

  • Hacía muy mal tiempo durante mis vacaciones.


Pret rito o imperfecto

AL WEPT

  • E: Events (habitual)

  • Yo iba a los partidos de baloncesto.


Pret rito o imperfecto

AL WEPT

  • P: physical attributes

  • Mi padre era muy alto y mi madre era muy baja.


Pret rito o imperfecto

AL WEPT

  • T: time

  • Eran las 4:00 y todos teníamos mucha hambre.


Pret rito o imperfecto

That’s all, folks!

  • Imperfect

    • Repeated/habitual past action OR

    • described a condition.

    • was in progress (“was …ing”) OR

  • Preterite

    • one-time past event OR

  • interruption OR

    • the beginning or end of an event.


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