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¿Pretérito o Imperfecto?. ¿Pretérito o Imperfecto?. Spanish has two basic ways to talk about the past: Preterite Imperfect There are also others you would learn about in later Spanish courses. In this slide show, we’ll look at some the differences in how each tense in used. Pretérito.

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slide2

¿Pretérito o Imperfecto?

  • Spanish has two basic ways to talk about the past:
    • Preterite
    • Imperfect
    • There are also others you would learn about in later Spanish courses.
  • In this slide show, we’ll look at some the differences in how each tense in used.
slide3

Pretérito

  • Let’s review some of the main uses of the preterite. This verb tense is used when we talk about a past action that
    • happened one time OR
    • interrupted something already going on OR
    • was the beginning of an event OR
    • was the end of an event.
slide4

Past actions that happen once

  • Juan se levantó a las 6:00.
  • Gloria llegó tarde a la clase.
  • Fui a España el verano pasado.
  • ¿Hiciste la tarea?
slide5

Interruptions

  • El teléfono sonó[rang] mientras [while] yo dormía.
slide6

The beginning of an event

  • Cristóbal Colón llegó a las Américas en 1492.
  • La película empezó a las 3:00.
slide7

The end of an event

  • Terminé el proyecto a la medianoche.
  • Los osos de Chicago ganaron el campeonato de futbol americano.
slide8

Imperfecto

  • Next let’s review some of the main uses of the imperfect. This verb tense is used when we talk about a past action that
    • happened many times OR
    • was in progress (“was …ing”) OR
    • described a condition. OR
    • “-ed” / “used to”
slide11

Repeated or habitual actions in the past

  • Don Diego fumaba puros [cigars] cubanos.
  • Cuando yo tenia 15 anos, vivia en Miami.
slide12

Past action in progress

  • A las 3:00, los estudiantes escuchaban mientras la profesora hablaba.
  • El teléfono sonó [rang] mientras [while] yo dormía.
  • ¿Qué hacías ayer a las 4:00?
slide13

Description of a condition

  • Here’s an acronym to help you organize descriptions in the past:
  • AL WEPT
slide14

AL WEPT

  • A: age, attitude, appearance
  • Cuando yo tenía 15 años…
  • …no me gustaba comer zanahorias.
  • De niña, Marta era muy alta.
slide15

AL WEPT

  • L: location
  • La chicaacampaba en el bosque. Estabaallí dos semanas.
slide16

AL WEPT

  • W: weather
  • Hacía muy mal tiempo durante mis vacaciones.
slide17

AL WEPT

  • E: Events (habitual)
  • Yo iba a los partidos de baloncesto.
slide18

AL WEPT

  • P: physical attributes
  • Mi padre era muy alto y mi madre era muy baja.
slide19

AL WEPT

  • T: time
  • Eran las 4:00 y todos teníamos mucha hambre.
slide20

That’s all, folks!

  • Imperfect
    • Repeated/habitual past action OR
    • described a condition.
    • was in progress (“was …ing”) OR
  • Preterite
    • one-time past event OR
  • interruption OR
    • the beginning or end of an event.
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