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Doraemon. Transformers. Astro Boy. Robots. Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow. by Zhan Xinlei. Dream. Yesterday. household robots. industrial robots. entertainment robots. Realized!. Realized!. Realized!. Today. Realized. What will robots be like tomorrow ?. Will robots have feelings?

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Doraemon

Doraemon


Doraemon

Transformers


Doraemon

Astro Boy


Doraemon

Robots

Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow

by Zhan Xinlei


Doraemon

Dream

Yesterday


Doraemon

household robots


Doraemon

industrial

robots


Doraemon

entertainment robots


Doraemon

Realized!


Doraemon

Realized!


Doraemon

Realized!


Doraemon

Today

Realized


What will robots be like tomorrow

What will robots be like tomorrow?

  • Will robots have feelings?

  • Will robots cause serious social problems?

  • Will there be laws to direct robot’s conduct?

?


Doraemon

Tomorrow

Ruined?


Doraemon

A Debate

Will our dream

be realized or ruined?

Girls—realized Boys—ruined


Unit 2 robots

Unit 2 Robots

Satisfaction Guaranteed


Doraemon

verb

love

relation

couple

Elvis

NAME

Gray

NAME

love couple envy help serve frends neibours

Larry Belmont

Claire

Tony

Gladys Claffern


Doraemon

loves

couple

neibours

Larry

Tony

envies

Claire

Gladys


Doraemon

1. However, when she first saw the robot, she

felt . His name was Tony and he

seemed more like a human than a machine.

2. On the second morning Tony, wearing an

apron, brought her breakfast and then asked

her whether she needed help dressing. She

felt and quickly told him to go.

3. Tony said that she must feel very unhappy

to say that. Claire thought it was to be

offered sympathy by a robot. But she began

to him. She told him how she was

overweight and this made her feel .


Doraemon

4. She looked at his fingers with wonder as they

turned each page and suddenly reached for his

hand. She was by his fingernails and

the softness and warmth of his skin.

How , she thought. He was just a machine.

5. Claire thanked Tony, telling him that he was

a “". As she turned around, there stood

Gladys Claffern. How to be discovered by

her, Claire thought.

6. What a to be envied by those

women!


Doraemon

  • However, when she first saw the robot, she felt alarmed. His name was Tony and he seemed more like a human than a machine.

  • On the second morning Tony, wearing an apron, brought her breakfast and then asked her whether she needed help dressing. She felt embarrassed and quickly told him to go.

  • Tony said that she must feel very unhappy to say that. Claire thought it was ridiculous to be offered sympathy by a robot. But she began to trust him. She told him how she was overweight and this made her feel unhappy.

  • She looked at his fingers with wonder as they turned each page and suddenly reached for his hand. She was amazed by his fingernails and the softness and warmth of his skin. How absurd, she thought. He was just a machine.

  • Claire thanked Tony, telling him that he was a "dear". As she turned around, there stood Gladys Claffern. How awful to be discovered by her, Claire thought.

  • What a sweet victory to be envied by those women!


Doraemon

Match


Doraemon

How Claire’s emotion developed

sad

love

amazed

trust

embarrassed

alarmed


Gussing game

Gussing Game

  • a science fiction

  • 科幻小说

  • bonus e.g. Works here will receive a bonus when they produce more goods; The warm weather in winter has been a real bonus.

  • 奖金;红利;额外津贴;意外的好处

  • apron

  • 围裙

  • overweight

  • (体重)超重

  • elegant

  • 优雅的;高雅的;讲究的


Doraemon

  • a pile of …

  • 一堆…

  • Scan e.g. We skim( 略读)for the main idea and scan for detailed information.

  • 细看;仔细检查;扫描

  • fingernail

  • 手指甲

  • absurd

  • 荒谬的;可笑的

  • haircut

  • 发型;理发

  • cushion

  • 坐垫;靠垫;垫子

  • bedding

  • 寝具;铺盖 [U]


Doraemon

  • necklace

  • 项链

  • clerk

  • 售货员;职员

  • counter

  • 柜台;计数器

  • have an affair e.g. President Clinton(克林顿) was excuted(指控;被告) for having an affair.

  • 有暧昧关系

  • armchair

  • 扶椅

  • cuisine

  • 烹饪(风味);佳肴


How to guess the meaning

词义类别

构词特征

上下文意

语言情境

词语搭配

词性为先

How to guess the meaning?

science fiction; cushion; bedding; necklace

fingernail; haircut; armchair; overweight

have an affair; clerk; counter; elegant; absurd

cuisine


Dictation 1

Dictation 1

  • a science fiction

  • bonus

  • apron

  • overweight

  • elegant

  • a pile of …

  • scan

  • fingernail

  • absurd

  • haircut

  • cushion

  • bedding

  • necklace

  • clerk

  • cunter

  • have an affair

  • armchair

  • cuisine

  • 1. 科幻小说

  • 2. 奖金;额外津贴;意外的好处

  • 3. 围裙

  • 4. 超重

  • 5. 优雅的;高雅的;讲究的

  • 6. 一堆…

  • 7. 细看;仔细检查;扫描

  • 8. 手指甲

  • 9. 荒谬的;可笑的

  • 10.发型;理发

  • 11.坐垫;靠垫;垫子

  • 12.寝具;铺盖

  • 13.项链

  • 14.售货员;职员

  • 15.柜台;计数器

  • 16.有暧昧关系

  • 17.扶椅

  • 18.烹饪(风味);佳肴


Language points

Language Points

  • 1. Do you think it is possible for a robot to have its own needs and desires?

  • desire[U]&[C] 渴望; 慾望; 渴求

  • Robots can satisfy all your desires.

  • 机器人能满足你的所有愿望.

  • ~ for sth/to do sth

  • 这个国家对(建立)友好关系的热望

  • the country's desire for friendly relations

  • …to establish friendly relations.

  • She is my heart's desire.

  • 她是我心上人.(Ps:desire—心仪的人或物)


Doraemon

  • vt 希望得到(某事物); 想要

  • We all desire happiness and health.

  • 我们都希望幸福和健康.

  • 我一直渴望见到他们.

  • I have long desired to meet them.

  • ~ sb to do sth

  • 她希望你立即来.

  • She desires you to come/that you come at once.


Doraemon

  • 2. SatisfactionGuranteed

  • Satisfaction

  • [U] 满意; 满足

  • the satisfaction of one‘s hunger,hope, desire, ambition…

  • He gave himself a smile of satisfaction.

  • 他给了自己一个满意的笑容。

  • 她对这次考试的成绩非常满意。(get ~ from …)

  • She got great satisfaction from her exam results.

  • [C] 令人满足或带来乐趣的事物

  • He had the ~ of knowing that he was right.

  • to sb's/sth's satisfactionYour answer is not perfect, at least not to my ~.


Doraemon

  • guarantee (Vt)

  • 他向我保证货物的质量。

  • He guaranteed the quality of the goods to me.

  • 我能保证那是真的。

  • I can guarantee (that) it's true.

  • 我们保证一周到达.

  • We guarantee to arrive within a week.

  • 向…保证…

  • guarantee sth/that…/to do…to sb

  • 常用被动语态

  • 你想出门, 天准下雨.

  • It's guaranteed to rain when you want to go out.


Doraemon

  • 3. Recently it had begun experimenting with a household robot. It was going to be tested out by Larry's wife, Claire.

  • experiment with

  • experiment on/upon sth

  • experiment with sth

  • experiment on/upon animals

  • experiment with new methods

  • make an experiment 进行实验; 进行试验


Doraemon

  • household

  • [C]一家人; 家庭

  • Two households of equal power.

  • 我是在一个大家庭里长大的.

  • I grew up as part of a large household.

  • adj. ?

  • ~ expenses/ duties/ goods

  • 家庭的开销﹑ 事务﹑ 用品.

  • tested out 检验;试验;考验(多指仪器或理论)

  • This new machine/theory hasn‘t been fully tested out.

  • 这种新机器/理论尚未经过充分检验。

  • 诺基亚公司完成了对N8手机的检测

  • Nokia company has finished testing out N8.


Doraemon

a fire

an air

a water level

  • 4.However, when she first saw the robot, she felt alarmed.

  • alarm

  • [C]警报

alarm

give/raise/sound

  • [U]惊慌;恐慌

  • The fire caused much alarm.

  • 火灾引起很大恐慌.


Doraemon

  • vt. 使警觉;惊动;使惊慌

  • I don't want to alarm you, but there's a strange man in your garden.

  • 我并不想吓你, 不过你的花园里可有个生人. Alarmed by the noise, the birds flew away.

  • 那声音把鸟吓飞了.

  • alarm-alarmed-alarming

  • be alarmed at…

  • The report is alarming.

  • 这个报告最为扰乱人心


Doraemon

5. Claire thought it was ridiculous to be

offered sympathy by a robot.

sympathyn. 同情;同情心

相关短语:

express sympathy for… 慰问  

feel/have sympathy for…同情

sympathize(se) vi 同情; 表示同情

~ (with sb/sth)

I sympathize with you; I've had a similar

unhappy experience myself.

我很同情你,我自己也有过类似的不幸遭遇.


Doraemon

  • 6. As a favour Tony promised to help Claire make herself smarter and her home more elegant.

  • favour

  • [U] 喜爱,宠爱

  • The boss looked at my plan with favour.

  • win sb's favour

  • 获得某人的好感

  • [C] 善行, 恩惠

  • Do me a favour and turn the radio down, will you?

  • 劳驾你把收音机的声音调小点好吗?

  • as a favour


Doraemon

  • vt 支持, 喜爱; 偏袒

  • Of the two possible plans I favour the first.

  • 在这两种可行方案中我赞成前者.

  • She always favours her youngest child.

  • 她总是偏爱她最小的孩子.


Doraemon

7.She cried out "Tony" and then heard him

declare that he didn't want to leave her the

next day and that he felt more than just

the desire to please her.

declarevt. 宣布;声明;表明;说明;宣称

1)declare +n. 宣告

他们将很快宣布选举的结果.

______________________________

They are to declare the election results.

2)declare+n.+(to be) n./ adj.宣布…为…

裁判宣布他为比赛的冠军.

_____________________________________________

The judge declared him (to be) the winner of the competition.


Doraemon

3)declare +(that)从句 宣称;声称

她宣称她是对的.

_______________________________

She declared (that) she was right.

declare war on/ upon 对…宣战

declare against声明反对

declare for (in favour of) 声明赞成


Doraemon

  • 8. What a sweet victory to be envied by those women!

  • envy

  • n 忌妒;羡慕

  • in envy at/ of sth

  • He is in envy of my success.

  • Vt 忌妒;羡慕

  • envy sb for sth/ doing sth

  • 他们羡慕我们的成功.

  • They envied us for our success.


Doraemon

Rewrite these sentences using words or phrases of similar meaning from the text to replace the underlined parts.

  • 1 Bill felt great pleasure when he tried his new fax machine and it worked.

  • He felt pity for Claire because she was overweight and needed to lose about five kilos to look slim.

  • Even though Jane told him many times to go

  • away her brother still accompanied her to the

  • doctor.

  • 4 Her greatest wish was to look as elegant as Gladys Claffern.

Satisfaction, tested out

sympathy

leave … alone

desire

Discovering useful words and expressions


Doraemon

Rewrite these sentences using words or phrases of similar meaning from the text to replace the underlined parts.

  • 5. Please call me before you buy a new digital camera so I can go with you.

  • She looked at the computer screen carefully hoping to find some new emails in her mailbox.

  • 7 It was ridiculous that his own mother would not talk to him about the affair.

  • 8 He felt happy when his boss stated that he could set aside some time for exercise.

ring me up

scanned

absurd

declared


Doraemon

Complete the following paragraph using the words and phrase in their proper forms.

turn around scan awful alarm clerk cushion declare favour bedding

(News, 16/04/2321) Historical research shows that in the 22nd century many people told stories about how, at one time, people could buy robots as house decorators. The robots would ________________ the literature for the latest ideas in home decoration. Often the robots would ________designs that were grander than their owners wanted. Brightly coloured ____________________ and __________________

scan

favour

cushions / beddings

beddings/ cushions


Doraemon

turn around scan awful alarm clerk cushion declare favour bedding

would be suggested together with brightly patterned walls and carpets. Some of the _______ in the shops thought that the designs were ____________. While some owners were firm with their robot's suggestions, others would __________ and walk out of the shop, feeling embarrassed. A few other robots would even get into physical fights with their owners in public as their electrical systems sometimes would set off the shops' _____ . After a while the government decided such behaviour was not appropriate and passed a law _________ robots should not leave the house. So robots became household cleaners or industrial workers instead!

clerks

awful

turn around

alarms

declaring


Doraemon

Unit 2

Using language –

Reading and discussing

A Biography of Isaac Asimov

A science fiction writer


Keys to guessing assignment

Keys to guessing assignment

  • biography

  • (由他人撰写的)传记;传记文学

  • a ~ of sb.

  • holy

  • 神的;上帝的;圣洁的

  • extraordinary

  • 不平常的; 不普通的; 非常的; 格外的

  • HIV infection

  • 艾滋病毒感染

  • infect  be infected with sth


Doraemon

  • part-time

  • 兼职的

  • adj: a part-time job

  • adv: work part-time

  • OPPO—full-time

  • biochemistry

  • 生物化学

  • rebirth

  • 重生

  • theoretical framework

  • 理论框架


Doraemon

  • chapter

  • (书中的)章;篇;回

  • Chapter 3

  • thinking

  • 思想;思考

  • [U] deep/critical thinking

  • divorce

  • 离婚;断绝关系;与…离婚;…脱离

  • A divorce B

  • get divorced

  • You can‘t divorce practice from theories.


Doraemon

  • the Holy Bible

  • search for…

  • in the present

  • a blood transfusion

  • ran a candy store

  • 40 or so years

  • be pregnant with…


Doraemon

  • gain a master’s degree in…

  • join the staff of

  • one’s talent for…

  • take sb as…

  • win/receive an award for…

  • a set of…

  • artificial intelligence(AI)


Find out the following phrases

Find out the following phrases

  • 1. a master’s degree

  • 2. a blood transfusion

  • 3. the Holy Bible

  • 4. extraordinary imagination

  • 5. as a result of

  • 6. be pregnant with a baby

  • 7. theoretical framework

  • 8. artificial intelligence

  • 9. a set of…

  • 10. an American scientist

    and writer

1. 硕士学位

2. 输血

3. 圣经

4. 超凡的想象力

5. 由于

6. 怀着小宝宝

7. 理论框架

8. 人工智能

9. 一组…

10.一位美国科学家

兼作家


Doraemon

search

search someplace for ...

in search of… 寻找,作状语,表示目的

The enemies _____________the Red Army man everywhere.

They have ____________ the whole city _______the missing boy .

The boy has been to many places _____________ his lost cat .

searched for

searched

for

in search of


Doraemon

  • staff  [C] 手杖

  • The old man walks with a long wooden staff.

  • [C usu sing, Gp] 全体职工; 全体雇员

  • the hotel staff 旅馆的全体工作人员

  • I have a staff of ten. 我手下有十个职员.

  • a new member of (the) staff 新来的职员[C usu sing, Gp] 个人物品

  • Don’t touch my staff!别碰我的东西!


Doraemon

  • junior  

  • adj 较年幼的;资历较浅的;地位较低的

  • a junior clerk 下级职员

  • Sammy Davies, Jnr 小萨米戴维斯。

  • be ~ (to sb) (较某人)地位或身分低的

  • He is several years junior to Mrs Cooper.

  • 他比库珀太太小几岁.

  • [C] 地位较低者; 从事次要工作的人

  • an office junior 办公室的一般职员.


Doraemon

  • 1. That book on the Holy Bible needs to be returned to the library by the end of this week.

  • 2. That old armchair is to be replaced by a sofa by the end of next week.

  • 3. Don’t worry. You still have plenty of time for that fax to be sent to your company.

  • 4. Your decision to divorce your wife has to be made with her agreement.

  • 5. There has been an accident but there is no need to be alarmed. Nobody has been hurt.


Doraemon

  • 6. Although she had done well, she expected her parents to be disappointed by her exam results.

  • 7. She was happy to be supported by the affection of her family when she had a serious operation in hospital.

  • 8. He was so excited to be declared the winner of the talent competition.

  • 9. He added the 2,000 yuan they had received to the 1,500 yuan to be offered, making 3,500 yuan in all.


Doraemon

  • 10.Without their key/leading player, they are bound to be beaten in the coming competition.

  • She hurried home, only to find she had left the keys at his office.

  • Built in 1911, the museum is nearly 100 years old.

  • The kid reached out for the apple, but it was too high.

  • Accepting this job means living abroad.


Dictation 2

Dictation 2

  • 1. 渴望;欲望;希望得到

  • 2. 满意;满足;令人满意的

  • 3. 试验;考验

  • 4. 警报;惊恐;使警觉;惊动

  • 5. 同情心

  • 6. 喜爱;恩惠;偏袒

  • 7. 细看;仔细检测;浏览;扫描

  • 8. 荒谬的;可笑的

  • 9. 陪伴

  • 10. 回转;转身

  • 11. 不管;别惹;让…一个人呆着

  • 12. 宣布;声明

  • 13. 将…放在一边;背弃;为…节省或保留

  • 14. 全体员工;手杖

  • 15. 较年幼的;地位较低的

  • 16. 离婚;与…离婚;脱离…

  • 17. 天才;特殊能力;才干

  • 18. (书中的)章;回;篇

  • 19. 圣经(带holy)

  • 20. 兼职的


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