Newfoundland and Labrador Studies 2205. Read the scenario on p. 18 of your text. Write down what you would take with you and think about why you chose those items. (worksheet). What is culture? The way of life and values of a group of people
Newfoundland and Labrador Studies 2205
What is culture?
Culture traits – the smallest elements of a culture (ex. song, saying, food, etc.)
1.Artifacts – objects made by humans (ex. cell phones, cars, jewelry, etc.)
2.Sociofacts– the way we act around other people and rules that govern our behaviour. (ex. How we act in school, rules of a game, hand gestures, etc.)
The OK sign, the index finger and thumb forming a circle, is an obscene gesture in Brazil, impolite in Greece and in many areas of Russia. In Japan it means money and in France, zero or valueless.
Mentifacts – the beliefs, ideas, values, and knowledge that influence us.
(ex. family values, traditional beliefs, and ideas about right and wrong behaviour.
Belief in the importance of beingphysically fit
Culture complex – the interaction of two or more culture traits.
Cultural landscape – the imprint of human activity on the natural landscape. Examples include fish plant, roads, school, houses, monuments, lighthouses, etc.
Culture region – an area where one or more identifiable culture traits exists. Culture regions can range from very small to very large.
1.Local culture – expressions of culture that are not widely practiced. (ex. - a tradition that is usually only practised in Newfoundland)
Regional culture – expressions of culture that are practiced over a broad geographic area. (ex. a Canadian tradition)
Popular culture – when a culture complex is widely accepted and practiced by people around the world. (Ex. commercial products that are conveyed through mass media)
1.What aspects of local, regional and popular culture do you practice (or are you aware of in your community)? Give 3 examples of each.
2.Which culture region (local, regional, or popular) has the most influence in your life? Why do you think this is so?
Culture can also be organized by a time period:
Traditional culture – culture traits that have been passed down to us from our ancestors. Ex. - the celebration of certain holidays.
Contemporary culture – culture traits that originate in modern times. Ex. - use of digital cameras and indoor wall climbing.
Economics, geography, history, and politics
1.Economics – the science that deals with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services
GDP (Gross Domestic Product) – the value of all goods produced by a region.