Newfoundland and labrador studies 2205
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Newfoundland and Labrador Studies 2205. Read the scenario on p. 18 of your text. Write down what you would take with you and think about why you chose those items. (worksheet). What is culture? The way of life and values of a group of people

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Newfoundland and Labrador Studies 2205

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Newfoundland and labrador studies 2205

Newfoundland and Labrador Studies 2205


Newfoundland and labrador studies 2205

  • Read the scenario on p. 18 of your text. Write down what you would take with you and think about why you chose those items.

  • (worksheet)


Newfoundland and labrador studies 2205

What is culture?

  • The way of life and values of a group of people

  • Includes tangible (touchable) and intangible (non-touchable) elements.


Newfoundland and labrador studies 2205

Culture traits – the smallest elements of a culture (ex. song, saying, food, etc.)

3 categories:

1.Artifacts – objects made by humans (ex. cell phones, cars, jewelry, etc.)


Example of artifact

Example of artifact:


Newfoundland and labrador studies 2205

2.Sociofacts– the way we act around other people and rules that govern our behaviour. (ex. How we act in school, rules of a game, hand gestures, etc.)

The OK sign, the index finger and thumb forming a circle, is an obscene gesture in Brazil, impolite in Greece and in many areas of Russia. In Japan it means money and in France, zero or valueless.


Newfoundland and labrador studies 2205

Mentifacts – the beliefs, ideas, values, and knowledge that influence us.

(ex. family values, traditional beliefs, and ideas about right and wrong behaviour.

Belief in the importance of beingphysically fit


Newfoundland and labrador studies 2205

Culture complex – the interaction of two or more culture traits.

Cultural landscape – the imprint of human activity on the natural landscape. Examples include fish plant, roads, school, houses, monuments, lighthouses, etc.


Describing culture

DESCRIBING CULTURE


Newfoundland and labrador studies 2205

Culture region – an area where one or more identifiable culture traits exists. Culture regions can range from very small to very large.

3 categories:


Newfoundland and labrador studies 2205

1.Local culture – expressions of culture that are not widely practiced. (ex. - a tradition that is usually only practised in Newfoundland)


Newfoundland and labrador studies 2205

Regional culture – expressions of culture that are practiced over a broad geographic area. (ex. a Canadian tradition)


Newfoundland and labrador studies 2205

Popular culture – when a culture complex is widely accepted and practiced by people around the world. (Ex. commercial products that are conveyed through mass media)


Newfoundland and labrador studies 2205

QUESTIONS:

1.What aspects of local, regional and popular culture do you practice (or are you aware of in your community)? Give 3 examples of each.

2.Which culture region (local, regional, or popular) has the most influence in your life? Why do you think this is so?


Newfoundland and labrador studies 2205

Culture can also be organized by a time period:


Newfoundland and labrador studies 2205

Traditional culture – culture traits that have been passed down to us from our ancestors. Ex. - the celebration of certain holidays.


Newfoundland and labrador studies 2205

Contemporary culture – culture traits that originate in modern times. Ex. - use of digital cameras and indoor wall climbing.


Newfoundland and labrador studies 2205

Whatshapes culture?

Economics, geography, history, and politics


Newfoundland and labrador studies 2205

1.Economics – the science that deals with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services


Newfoundland and labrador studies 2205

GDP (Gross Domestic Product) – the value of all goods produced by a region.


Newfoundland and labrador studies 2205

  • Geography – the study of the earth (land use, climate, elevation, soil, vegetation, population, industries, provinces)


Newfoundland and labrador studies 2205

  • History – the branch of knowledge dealing with past events


Newfoundland and labrador studies 2205

  • Politics – the process by which groups/governments make decisions


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