School in the past school nowadays
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School in the past, school nowadays. English lesson. Teaching in the old days was different from the existing modes of instruction. The professors were very stringent.

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School in the past, school nowadays

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School in the past, school nowadays

English lesson

Teaching in the old days was different from the existing modes of instruction. The professors were very stringent

Nowadays teaching is different. Teachers are more relaxed with the kids and not so strict, if even kids do not behave in an appropriate way. They just admonish them, send them to the principal's office or ask them to leave the classroom.


having a physically fit body was extremely important to the Greeks. Boys would begin physical education either during or just after beginning their elementary education. In the beginning they would learn from a private teacher known as a paidotribes. Physical training was necessary for improving one’s appearance, war preparation, and good health at an old age.


Music and dance were also very important. Individual’s were encouraged to practice dancing, singing and playing instruments. Common instruments used in Athens included the harp, flute and lyre.

Athenian System: In their early years,Athenian children were taught at home, sometimes under the guidance of a master or pedagogue. They were taught basic morals, until they began elementary education at approximately seven years of age. Children were taught how to read and write as well as how to count and draw

Agoge: Military dominance was of extreme importance to the Spartans of Ancient Greece. In response, the Spartans structured their educational system as an extreme form of military boot camp, which they referred to as agoge. The pursuit of intellectual knowledge was seen as trivial, and thus academic learning, such as reading and writing was kept to a minimum. A Spartan boy’s life was devoted almost entirely to his school

Ephebes:The students would graduate from the agoge at the age of eighteen and receive the title of ephebe. Upon becoming an ephebe, the male would pledge strict and complete allegiance to Sparta and would join a private organization to continue training. He would compete in gymnastics, hunting and performance with planned battles using real weapons

Spartan System: The Spartan society desired that all male citizens should become successful soldiers with stamina and skills to defend their polis as members of the Spartan phalanx. Thus only the healthiest male babies born to Spartan citizens were allowed to live

Education of Spartan Women: Spartan women, unlike their Athenian counterparts, received a formal education that was supervised and controlled by the state. Much of the public schooling received by the Spartan women revolved around physical education. Until about the age of eighteen women were taught to run, wrestle, throw a discus and also to throw javelins. The skills of the young women were tested regularly in competitions such as the annual footrace at the Heraea of Elis

The Greek educational system is mainly divided into three levels, primary, secondary and tertiary, with an additional post-secondary level providing vocational training.

  • Primary education is divided into kindergarten, lasting one or two years, and primary school spanning six years (ages 6 to 12). Secondary education comprises two stages: Gymnasio (variously translated as Middle or Junior High School), a compulsory three-year school, after which students can attend Lykeion (an academically-oriented High School) or Vocational training.

Higher Tertiary:Higher Tertiary education is provided by Universities and Polytechnics, Technological Educational Institutes (T.E.I., 1983 ~ present) and Academies which primarily cater for the military and the clergy. Undergraduate courses typically last 4 years (5 in polytechnics and some technical/art schools, and 6 in medical schools), postgraduate (MSc level) courses last from 1 to 2 years and doctorates (PhD level)from 3 to 6 years.

All levels are overseen by the Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs. The Ministry exercises centralised control over state schools, by prescribing the curriculum, appointing staff and controlling funding. Private schools also fall under the mandate of the Ministry, which exercises supervisory control over them. At a regional level, the supervisory role of the Ministry is exercised through Regional Directorates of Primary and Secondary Education, and Directorates of Primary and Secondary Education operate in every Prefecture.

Christina LitoTheodore KaribalisSotiris SamarasJohn Papageorgiou

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