Chapter 26
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 187

Chapter 26 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 83 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Chapter 26 . Section 1 - The Road to War. Dictators. They control by force and fear Not the U.S. Hitler and Mussolini. Adolf Hitler. Came to power in the 1920’s Fought in WWI Led Germany into WWII. Benito Mussolini. Italian Dictator Believed that Italy had been mistreated in the

Download Presentation

Chapter 26

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Chapter 26

Chapter 26

Section 1 - The Road to War


Dictators

Dictators

  • They control by force and fear

  • Not the U.S.

  • Hitler and Mussolini


Adolf hitler

Adolf Hitler

  • Came to power in the 1920’s

  • Fought in WWI

  • Led Germany into WWII


Benito mussolini

Benito Mussolini

  • Italian Dictator

  • Believed that Italy had been mistreated in the

  • Treaty of Versailles

  • El-Duce


Fascism

Fascism

  • Extreme nationalism and racism


Fascist party

Fascist Party

  • Led by Mussolini in Italy

  • Forced the King to declare Mussolini the head of the new government


Annexation

Annexation

  • To take over a country by force


Ethiopia

Ethiopia

  • An African Nation that was taken over by Italy


Albania

Albania

  • Annexed by Italy in 1939

  • After Italy annexed Ethiopia it took Albania


Germany

Germany

  • Suffered from the Great Depression

  • Was still mad about the Treaty of Versailles

  • Allied with Italy in 1936


National socialist german workers party

National Socialist German Workers Party

  • Led by Hitler

  • “The Nazi Party”


Nazi party

Nazi Party

  • Openly racist

  • Believed that all Germans were superior to all other people


Chapter 26

Jews

  • In the Bible- the Jews were the descendants of Abraham

  • Moses led the Jews out of Egypt to escape Pharaoh


Anti semitism

Anti-Semitism

  • Hatred of all Jews

  • The idea that Jews are beneath all other races


Totalitarian rule

Totalitarian Rule

  • A ruler who controls everything

  • They do not have to answer to anyone


Totalitarian state

Totalitarian State

  • Where a single party and its leader control everyone and everything


Japan

Japan

  • Also suffered from the Great Depression

  • Dictators rose to power

  • They started flexing their muscles in Asia


Manchuria

Manchuria

  • Was attacked by Japan in 1936


Axis powers

Axis Powers

  • The Bad Guys

  • Germany

  • Italy

  • Japan


Joseph stalin

Joseph Stalin

  • Ruled the Soviet Union

  • Ruled by force and fear


American neutrality

American Neutrality

  • Stay out of the war

  • We were in bad enough shape already


Why did we stay neutral

Why did we stay Neutral?

  • Most of Europe still owed us money from WWI

  • We were still suffering from the Depression also


Germany started it

Germany Started “it”

  • Rhineland

  • Austria

  • Sudetenland


The rhineland

The Rhineland

  • The land west of the Rhine River

  • Was established as a neutral zone


Austria

Austria

  • Hitler insisted that Germany be unified with Austria

  • They speak German

  • It was annexed in 1938


The sudetenland

The Sudetenland

  • An area in Czechoslovakia where German speaking people lived


Munich conference

Munich Conference

  • Britain and France give in

  • Hitler promised not to take annex any more land


Appeasement

Appeasement

  • Giving in to demands


Hitler takes over

Hitler Takes Over

  • He sends all non Germans into Captivity


Weakness

Weakness

  • Hitler took advantage of this appeasement and took over the rest of Czechoslovakia


Poland

Poland

  • Hitler was worried about making Stalin mad because it was so close to Russia


Soviet german non aggression pact

Soviet-German Non-Aggression Pact

  • Allowed Hitler to use Poland without fear of Soviet aggression

  • This shocked and scared the world


Section 2

Section 2


Hitler enters poland

Hitler enters Poland

  • Britain and The Soviet Union declares war on Germany


German blitzkrieg

German “Blitzkrieg”

  • Lightning War

  • Swift and fierce


Poland does the splits

Poland does the Splits

  • Germany and The Soviet Union split Poland


Baltic republics

Baltic Republics

  • Territories along the Baltic Sea


Finland

Finland

  • Taken over the Soviets in 1940


Front

Front

  • The front line in a war zone


Maginot line

Maginot Line

  • A string of steel and concrete bunkers along the German border from Switzerland to Belgium


Expansion

Expansion

  • Hitler took

  • Denmark

  • Norway

  • The Netherlands and Belgium


Allies

Allies

  • Great Britain and France

  • Soon, the U.S. and the Soviet Union


Dunkirk

Dunkirk

  • A port on the English Channel in Northern France


The english channel

The English Channel

  • Narrow strip of ocean between England and Europe


The somme river

The Somme River

  • Bordered France and the German front line


Axis powers1

Axis Powers

  • Germany

  • Italy

  • Japan


The battle of britain

The Battle of Britain

  • Britain was the only thing Hitler didn’t have yet


London was destroyed

London was destroyed

  • London is the capital of Great Britain


Winston churchill

Winston Churchill

  • The Prime Minister of Great Britain


R a f

R.A.F.

  • British Royal Air Force

  • Stopped the German air attacks


Germany turns east

Germany Turns East

  • Hitler wanted to destroy the Soviet Union

  • He hated communist almost as much as Jews


The soviets join the allies

The Soviets Join the Allies

  • The Soviet union had to join the Allies in order to survive


America and the war

America and the War

  • America sympathized with the Allies

  • We still didn’t join in the war


America first committee

America First Committee

  • The group of people who advised the U.S. to stay out of the war


Roosevelt prepares for war

Roosevelt Prepares for War

  • The navy was built up

  • We started selling weapons to the Allies


Selective service and training act

Selective Service and Training Act

  • The first Peace-Time Draft in history

  • Applied to American men between the ages of 21 and 35


The 1940 election

The 1940 Election

  • Roosevelt runs for a 3rd term as President

  • Roosevelt promised to stay out of the war

  • Blue is F.D.R.


The u s gets more involved

The U.S. gets more involved

  • Congress approves the Lend-Lease Act


Lend lease act

Lend-Lease Act

  • The U.S. could supply weapons to anyone attacked by the Axis Powers


Germany shoots at the u s

Germany shoots at the U.S

  • We were escorting our supplies into the war zone

  • Germany shot at us

  • We started shooting back


The atlantic charter

The Atlantic Charter

  • Secured our effort to escort our ships into the War Zone


Fear and want

Fear and Want

  • Being a scaredy cat

  • Being Afraid


Disarmament

Disarmament

  • Giving up military weapons


Indochina

Indochina

  • Japan figured if Germany was taking over places

  • They could too


The u s responds

The U.S. responds

  • We froze all Japanese assets in the U.S.

  • We stopped selling oil, gas, and other things that Japan needed to survive


Fumimaro konoye

Fumimaro Konoye

  • The Japanese Prime minister that resigned

  • He didn’t believe that Japan could defeat the U.S.


Hideki tojo

Hideki Tojo

  • Japan’s new

    Prime Minister


Attack on pearl harbor

Attack on Pearl Harbor

  • 7:55 am

  • Sunday Morning

  • December 7th, 1941


Awakened a sleeping giant

Awakened a Sleeping Giant

  • Hundreds of planes were destroyed

  • Ships were sank

  • Lives were lost

    Japan just messed Up


Chapter 26

Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war on Japan


The u s joins the war

The U.S. Joins the War

  • We joined the allies

  • The Axis Powers declare war on the U.S. on December 11th


U s s arizona

U.S.S. Arizona

  • Sunk by the Japanese

  • Became a museum in Pearle Harbor


Section 3

Section 3

  • The Home Front


Military build up

Military Build Up

  • 15 million men joined the armed forces

  • 250,000 women joined also


W a c

W.A.C.

  • Women’s Army Corp


W a s p

W.A.S.P

  • Women Airforce Service Pilots


W a v e s

W.A.V.E.S.

  • Women Appointed for Volunteer Emergency Services in the Navy

  • They were nurses, and secretaries


Mobilization

Mobilization

  • Military and civilian preparations for war


War production board

War Production Board

  • Supervised to conversion of industries to war production


Office of price administration

Office of Price Administration

  • Set limits on prices and rent for housing


National war labor board

National War Labor Board

  • Helped resolve labor disputes that slowed down production


Financing the war

Financing the War

  • The U.S. spent 10 times the amount of WWI

  • 320 billion dollars


Revenue act of 1942

Revenue Act of 1942

  • Raised corporate taxes and made all Americans to pay income taxes


War bonds

War Bonds

  • Allowed people to invest in the War effort


Wartime america

Wartime America

  • Factories produced 70,000 ships

  • 100,000 tanks

  • Millions of guns

    The assembly line sped this process up


The war helps

The War Helps

  • People could find jobs

  • Income rose

  • Spending increased


Shortages

Shortages

  • With supplies going to the War effort

  • People couldn’t get certain unnecessary things


Rationed

Rationed

  • When goods are limited to a few per person


Victory gardens

Victory Gardens

  • Save money by growing your own veggies


Civil defense

Civil Defense

  • Protect America

  • Coastal cities turned off the lights at night to prevent attacks


Office of war information

Office of War Information

  • Promoted patriotism

  • Kept people involved in the war effort

  • Broadcast war updates on the radio and T.V.


Women and minorities

Women and Minorities

  • Women took the jobs of men

  • They were usually paid less than men


Rosie the riveter

Rosie the Riveter

  • Slogan promoting women in the workforce


African americans

African Americans

  • 1 million served in the armed forces

  • The Armed Forces were integrated in 1948


Tuskegee airmen

Tuskegee Airmen

  • The 332nd Fighter Group

  • African American Pilots trained in Tuskegee Alabama


Ben davis jr

Ben Davis Jr.

  • First African American General in the U.S. Air Force

  • His father was the first African American General in the Army


A phillip randolph

A. Phillip Randolph

  • Demanded an end to discrimination in the defense industry


The population shift

The Population Shift

  • African Americans left the south to go north in search of work


Native americans

Native Americans

  • Weren’t treated nearly as bad a African Americans

  • But they weren’t welcome in a fox hole either


Ira hayes

Ira Hayes

  • Was present when the flag was raised on Mount Sura Bache on the Island of Iwo Jima

  • He was an American Indian


Code talkers

Code Talkers

  • In order to keep radio messages a secret

  • Navajo Indians were recruited to send radio messages from the front lines

  • The Japanese couldn’t figure out what language it was


Bracero program

Bracero Program

  • Recruited workers from Mexico


Japanese americans

Japanese Americans

  • Nisei – citizens by birth

  • Most Americans persecuted the Japanese because of Pearl Harbor


Internment camps

Internment Camps

  • Places where the Japanese were relocated so that they could be watched for the next 3 years

  • They might have been spies


The u s apology

The U.S. Apology

  • In 1988, each survivor got an apology and

  • $ 20,000.00


Ch 26 section 4

Ch. 26 – Section 4

  • Section 4

  • We’re Gonna Attack


The u s enters the war

The U.S. Enters The War

  • January 1st, 1942

  • The U.S. declares war

  • We joined the Allied Powers


Allied leaders

Allied Leaders

  • Roosevelt

  • Churchill

  • Stalin


Axis powers2

Axis Powers

  • Hitler

  • Mussolini

  • Tojo


North africa

North Africa

  • Where the Allies attacked first


Erwin rommel

Erwin Rommel

  • The Desert Fox

  • Nazi tank commander in North Africa


Suez canal

Suez Canal

  • connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea

  • It is between Egypt and Saudi Arabia


Dwight d eisenhower

Dwight D. Eisenhower

  • Commander of Allied troops in Africa


George s patton

George S. Patton

  • American General that ran Rommel out of North Africa

  • He carried a revolver with an Ivory handle

  • He was called a cowboy


Sicily

Sicily

  • Patton’s next stop

  • It is an island off the coast of Italy

  • They overthrew Mussolini


Mussolini

Mussolini

  • Overthrown by his own people

  • He was thrown off a building with a rope around his neck


Monte casino

Monte Casino

  • The Italian monastery in the middle of Italy


Anzio

Anzio

  • The fight before the Allies took Rome


Chapter 26

Rome

  • The Capital of Italy

  • It was liberated in June 1944


Air war over germany

Air War over Germany


The tide turns

The Tide Turns

  • The Soviets had been the main fighting force so far

Blows from 3 sides will speed victory


Leningrad

Leningrad

  • The Germans starved the Soviets out

  • And still lost

Lets Defend Lenin’s City


Stalingrad

Stalingrad

  • Germany does the same thing to them


Invasion preparation

Invasion Preparation

  • If we’re going, we’d better get ready


Operation overlord

Operation “Overlord”

  • The Allies helped plan the invasion

  • They watched the coast


The invasion

The Invasion

  • Gold

  • Sword

  • Juno

  • Omaha

  • Utah


The radio address

The Radio Address

  • Everyone listened to the radio

  • They wanted to know how it was going


Paratroopers

Paratroopers

  • Flew in on Gliders

  • Dropped in by parachute

  • They dropped decoys first

  • These dolls hit the ground and popped like fireworks


General omar bradley

General Omar Bradley

  • Commanded the D-Day Invasion


D day

D-Day

  • June 6th, 1944

  • The Allied Troops attack

  • Normandy in France


Land mines

Land Mines

  • Burried in the sand

  • They pop up, and explode


Paris

Paris

  • Liberated on August 25th, 1944

  • Germany had controlled France but not anymore


Battle of the bulge

Battle of the Bulge

  • The German army drove the Allies into a deep pocket

  • The Allies held them off and defeated the last major attack


Berlin

Berlin

  • The soviet troops surrounded Berlin

  • Berlin is the capital of Germany


Victory in europe

Victory in Europe

  • Germany couldn’t fight on two fronts

  • We Win

  • They have to walk home


V e day

V-E Day

  • Victory in Europe Day

  • May 8th, 1945


Death of a president

Death of a President

  • Roosevelt suffered from Polio

  • He died in Warm Springs, Georgia

  • April 12th, 1945


Harry s truman

Harry S. Truman

  • Roosevelt’s Vice President

  • He takes office


The holocaust

The Holocaust

  • The Final Solution

  • The extermination of all of the Jews in Europe

Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS


Genocide

Genocide

  • Wiping out an entire race of people

  • The Jews were murdered and then burned so that no one could prove what happened


Concentration camps

Concentration Camps

  • Prison Camps

  • Death Camps


Slave labor

Slave Labor

  • Jews produced

  • Bombs

  • Tanks

  • Ect……

The Sign Says : Work Sets You Free


Auswitz

Auswitz

  • A death camp in Poland where 4 million Jews were killed here alone


Where will the jews go

Where will the Jews go?

  • They want to come to America

  • We aren’t happy


Total

Total

  • 6 million Jews

  • Hitler also exterminated Gypsies, Communists, and Handicapped peoples


Remembrance

Remembrance

  • The Holocaust Museum

  • The WWII Memorial


Section 5

Section 5

  • War in the Pacific


Sphere of influence

Sphere of Influence

  • When everything inside the sphere is controlled by one country


The pacific front

The Pacific Front

  • Pearl Harbor

  • Wake Island

  • Guam


The philippines

The Philippines

  • The Japanese had taken over several islands in the Pacific


Douglas macarthur

Douglas MacArthur

  • Commander of American Troops in the Pacific

  • Most decorated WWI Soldier


Audi murphy

Audi Murphy

  • Most decorated soldier in WWII


I ll be back

I’ll be Back

  • MacArthur promises the Pilipino rebels that he’ll return


Macarthur and nimitz

MacArthur and Nimitz

  • General MacArthur

  • F.D.R.

  • Admiral Nimitz


Bataan

Bataan

  • Small island west of Manila


Corregidor

Corregidor

  • A small island fortress


The philippines fall

The Philippines Fall

  • We surrendered


Bataan death march

Bataan Death March

  • 22,000 soldiers died as the Japanese made them march from Bataan to a camp 60 miles away


Tokyo

Tokyo

  • The city in Japan bombed during the Doolittle Raids


Doolittle raids

Doolittle Raids

  • Bombing raids on Tokyo

  • Led by James Doolittle


Coral sea

Coral Sea

  • Stopped the Japanese from invading Australia


Admiral nagumo

Admiral Nagumo

  • He led the Japanese fleet


Midway island

Midway Island

  • 1st major Japanese loss


Ensign george gay

Ensign. George Gay

  • Watched the Battle of Midway from the ocean


Island hopping

Island Hopping

  • Skipping one island and attacking another one will confuse the Japanese


Japanese balloon bombs

Japanese Balloon Bombs

  • The Japanese had designed balloons that would drift over the U.S. and drop bombs


Guadalcanal

Guadalcanal


Battle of leyte gulf

Battle of Leyte Gulf

  • The largest Naval Battle in History

  • US8 fleet carriers8 light carriers18 escort carriers12 battleships24 cruisers141 destroyers and destroyer escortsMany PT boats, submarines, and fleet auxiliariesAbout 1,500 planesLosses for US1,500+ dead1 light aircraft carrier2 escort carriers2 destroyers1 destroyer escort sunk

  • Japan1 fleet carrier3 light carriers9 battleships14 heavy cruisers6 light cruisers35+ destroyers300+ planes Japan losses10,000+ dead;1 fleet carrier3 light carriers3 battleships8 cruisers,12 destroyers sunk


U s s indianapolis

U.S.S. Indianapolis

  • Only 317 men survived

  • 880 Were Killed


Uss indianapolis

USS Indianapolis

  • Sank at Coral Sea

  • Crew was eaten by SHARKS


Iwo jima

Iwo Jima

  • WWII Memorial


Mount suribachi iwo jima

Mount Suribachi – Iwo Jima

  • 23,000 troops

  • 11 miles of tunnels


Okinawa

Okinawa

  • Southern island of Japan


Kamikazes

Kamikazes

  • Flying planes into targets in order to inflict more damage


Albert einstein

Albert Einstein

  • Was a Physicist


Manhattan project

Manhattan Project

  • Secret plan to build the Atomic Bomb

  • Los-Alamos New Mexico


Potsdam declaration

Potsdam Declaration

  • Warned Japan to surrender

  • When they Refused


We drop a little boy on them

We Drop a little boy on them

  • Japan refused to surrender

  • Fat Man and Little Boy

  • From the Enola Gay


The atomic bomb

The Atomic Bomb

  • Dropped on Hiroshima

  • August 6th 1945

  • Killed 70,000


Hiroshima

Hiroshima

  • 135,000 dead from the bomb itself

  • Radiation Killed 90,000 to 140,000


Nagasaki

Nagasaki

  • Three Days Later

  • Killed 40,000 from the bomb

  • 25,000 more from radiation


V j day

V-J Day

  • August 15th, 1945

  • Japan Surrenders

  • Victory over Japan


The uss missouri

The USS Missouri

  • Japan surrenders

  • WWII is over


40 million

40 million

  • That’s how many people died during WWII


Costs of war

Costs of War

  • The Soviets lost the most due to destruction

  • Germany gives up lots of territory


Nuremburg trials

Nuremburg Trials

  • Where Nazi officials were put on trial for War Crimes against Humanity


The end of wwii

The End of WWII


  • Login